Sociology 16th Edition by Macionis – Test Bank

Original price was: $35.00.Current price is: $25.00.

Pay And Download

Complete Test Bank With Answers

 

Sample Questions Posted Below

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER 3: CULTURE

 

 

TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS

 

TB_Q3.1.1

 

Businesses in this country can profit from recognizing the cultural diversity of the U.S. population.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.2

 

People around the world have much the same outward appearance and wear the same clothing and bodily decoration.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.3

 

Culture refers to the values, beliefs, behavior, and material things that form a way of life.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.4

 

One example of nonmaterial culture is the types of vehicles people use to get around in their daily lives.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.1.5

 

Experiencing an unfamiliar culture can generate culture shock.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.1.6

 

There is a single way of life that is biologically “natural” to humans everywhere.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.7

 

For at least 12,000 years, humans have used culture as a strategy for survival.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level:

 

TB_Q3.1.8

 

The Census Bureau reports that only ten different languages are spoken in the United States.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.9

 

Symbols refer to anything that carries meaning that is recognized by people who share a culture.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.10

 

The emergence of computer-based instant messaging shows us that new symbols are being created all the time.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.11

 

The story of Helen Keller, who became blind and deaf, shows how the development of our humanity depends on the ability to understand and use symbols.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.12

 

Through the use of symbols, people make sense of their surroundings.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.13

 

The gesture we commonly call “thumbs up” is used in all of the world’s societies to signify that something is very good.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.14

 

The process of cultural transmission cannot take place unless people have a written language.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.15

 

In high-income countries such as the United States, everyone has the ability to read and write.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.16

 

English is not the most widely spoken first language in the world, but it has become the preferred second language throughout most of the world.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.17

 

The Sapir-Whorf thesis states that the language we use shapes the reality we perceive.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.18

 

Values are standards that serve as broad guidelines for living.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.19

 

Most people in the United States share the value that everyone should not only have equality of opportunity, but also equality in all aspects of social standing.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.20

 

Compared to cultures around the world, the way of life in the United States emphasizes individualism.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.21

 

People in the United States tend to view the past as being better than the present.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.22

 

Cultural values in the United States always go together—they are all consistent with one another.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.23

 

One emerging value in the United States is the importance of personal growth, including spiritual activity.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.24

 

Cultural values in high-income nations tend to be secular-rational, giving greater importance to personal self-expression.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.25

 

In general, low-income nations have cultures that value individualism and personal self-expression.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.26

 

Mores are norms that have great moral significance.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.27

 

Across the United States, mores vary more than folkways.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.28

 

Values and norms help to define a society’s “ideal culture.”

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.29

 

Technology refers to knowledge people use to make a way of life in their surroundings.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.30

 

The Amish way of life eagerly makes use of our society’s modern conveniences.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.31

 

Japan is more multicultural than the United States.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.32

 

The United States has a popular culture, but not a high culture.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.33

 

Most people participate in numerous subcultures without necessarily becoming very committed to any of them.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.34

 

The fact that hip-hop music and the DJ scene were invented in the low-income, African American neighborhoods of New York show that people of all social positions help create U.S. cultural patterns.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.35

 

Multiculturalists claim that, over the course of U.S. history, most non-English immigrants were advised to adopt the cultural patterns of the English—their “betters”—rather than “melt in.”

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.36

 

Afrocentrism refers to the dominance of European cultural patterns.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.37

 

Subculture is more at odds with dominant culture than counterculture.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.38

 

Cultural lag refers to the fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.39

 

Cultural change results from invention, discovery, and diffusion.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.40

 

Cultural relativism means using your own cultural standards to evaluate another culture.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.41

 

Rock-and-roll music in the United States is one cultural trait that has nothing in common with music that was popular a short time before it emerged.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.42

 

The structural-functional approach sees culture as a relatively stable system of integrated patterns people use to meet their needs.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.4.43

 

Cultural universals refer to patterns that are held by everyone in a society.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.44

 

Karl Marx argued that a society’s economic system was shaped by its value system.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.45.   Sociobiology explores how human biology has shaped today’s culture.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.46

 

It is fair to say that humans always remain prisoners of their existing culture.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

 

MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS

 

TB_Q3.1.47

 

The chapter opening story of the diversity initiative at Charles Schwab & Co. shows us that ________

  1. various minorities respond to the same advertising in exactly the same way.
  2. Asian American immigrants prefer English to their native language when they are doing business.
  3. learning more about cultural diversity can help a company boost sales.
  4. All of these are correct.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.48

 

The United States is the most _______ of all countries.

  1. multicultural
  2. culturally uniform
  3. slowly changing
  4. traditional

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.49

 

What is the term for the beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that together make up the way of life for a group of people?

  1. Social structure
  2. Social system
  3. Culture
  4. Society

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.50

 

As a part of human culture, religion is an example of ________

  1. material culture.
  2. nonmaterial culture.
  3. culture shock.
  4. human nature.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.1.51

 

The intangible world of ideas created by members of a society is referred to as ________

  1. high culture.
  2. material culture.
  3. nonmaterial culture.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.52

 

Cars, computers, and iPhones are all examples of which of the following?

  1. High culture
  2. Material culture
  3. Norms
  4. Nonmaterial culture

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.53

 

Looking all around the world, what we find everywhere is ________

  1. the same ideas about what is right.
  2. people enjoying the same sports.
  3. people creating diverse cultural systems.
  4. the same standards that define what is beautiful and ugly.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.1.54

 

Among all forms of life, humans stand out as the only species that ________

  1. relies on culture to ensure survival.
  2. has patterned ways of living.
  3. has biological instincts.
  4. makes use of tools.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.1.55

 

The term Homo sapiens, the name of our species, comes from Latin meaning ________

  1. “person of culture.”
  2. “intelligent person.”
  3. “one who walks upright.”
  4. “person who evolves.”

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.56

 

According to scientists, Homo sapiens first appeared on Earth about how long ago?

  1. 2,500 years
  2. 25,000 years
  3. 250,000 years
  4. 250 million years

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.57

 

The concept of  _____ refers to a shared way of life, and the term ____ refers to a political entity.

  1. culture; society
  2. country; nation
  3. nation; culture
  4. culture; nation

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.58

 

The United States is multicultural because ________

  1. everyone holds the same values and beliefs.
  2. each individual holds many different and conflicting values and beliefs.
  3. there are many widely shared values and beliefs.
  4. in this country we find many different languages and ways of life.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.59

 

Sociologists define a symbol as ________

  1. anything that carries meaning to people who share a culture.
  2. any material cultural trait.
  3. any gesture that conveys insult to others.
  4. social patterns that cause culture shock.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.60

 

The fact that instant messaging is based on a new set of symbols shows us that ________

  1. today’s young people are smarter than their parents.
  2. symbols are static elements.
  3. culture changes over time.
  4. we are not dependent on our culture’s symbols.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.61

 

The language widely spoken by people in more nations of the world than any other is ________

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.62

 

Cultural transmission refers to the process of ________

  1. cultural patterns moving from one society to another.
  2. using the oral tradition.
  3. passing cultural patterns from one generation to another.
  4. using writing to enshrine cultural patterns.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.63

 

The Sapir-Whorf thesis states that ________

  1. language involves attaching labels to the real world.
  2. people see the world through the cultural lens of their language.
  3. most words have the same meaning if spoken in different languages.
  4. every word exists in all known languages.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.64

 

Standards by which people who share culture define what is desirable, good, and beautiful are called ________

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.65

 

The dominant values of U.S. culture include ________

  1. a deep respect for the traditions of the past.
  2. a belief in equality of condition for all.
  3. a belief in individuality.
  4. a belief in personal intuition over science.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.66

 

While one dominant value of U.S. culture is the right to equal opportunity and freedom, another is ________

  1. equality of condition.
  2. “being” rather than “doing”.
  3. racism and group superiority.
  4. belief in tradition.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.67

 

Key values of U.S. culture ________

  1. always fit together easily.
  2. change quickly, even from year to year.
  3. are shared by absolutely everyone in a society.
  4. are sometimes in conflict with one another.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.68

 

An emerging value in our society is found in which expression?

  1. “What was good enough for my parents is good enough for me.”
  2. “The present is better than the past.”
  3. “Work is important, but I want more time for leisure and personal growth.”
  4. “It’s good to be free.”

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.69

 

Low-income countries have cultures that value ________

  1. economic survival.
  2. equal standing for women and men.
  3. self-expression.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.70

 

__________ are rules about everyday, casual living; __________ are rules with great moral significance.

  1. Mores; folkways
  2. Folkways; mores
  3. Proscriptive norms; prescriptive norms
  4. Prescriptive norms; proscriptive norms

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.71

 

Wrong-doing, such as an adult forcing a child to engage in sexual activity, is an example of violating cultural ________

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.72

 

The early U.S. sociologist who described the difference between folkways and mores was ________

  1. Emile Durkheim.
  2. William Graham Sumner.
  3. Harriett Martineau.
  4. George Herbert Mead.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.73

 

_____ distinguish between right and wrong; _____ distinguish between right and rude.

  1. Mores; folkways
  2. Taboos; mores
  3. Folkways; mores
  4. Prescriptive norms; proscriptive norms

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.74

 

An act of kindness, such as opening the door for an elderly man, illustrates conforming to ________

  1. proscriptive norms.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

  1. Elements of social control in everyday life include shame, guilt, and ________
  2. ideal culture.
  3. real culture.
  4. material culture.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.76

 

The fact that some married men and married women are sexually unfaithful to their spouses is an example of _____ culture, while the fact that most adults say they support the idea of sexual fidelity is an example of _____ culture.

  1. high; low
  2. low; high
  3. ideal; real
  4. real; ideal

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.77

 

Sociologists refer to tangible or physical human creations as ________

  1. nonmaterial culture.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.78

 

What is the term for the application of cultural knowledge to the task of living in an environment?

  1. Real culture
  2. Ideal culture
  3. Cultural transmission
  4. Technology

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.79.   Which of the following statements about technology is true?

  1. Nations with more advanced technology are always superior to nations with less advanced technology.
  2. Advanced technology improves life in some ways, but it also threatens life in other ways.
  3. Access to technology is evenly distributed across any society’s population.
  4. Access to technology is a threat to cultures.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.80

 

As our society has entered a postindustrial, computer-based phase, gaining ________

  1. symbolic skills has become more important.
  2. mechanical skills has become more important.
  3. knowledge about the past has become more important.
  4. a respect for tradition has become more important.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.81

 

More than ______ people have immigrated to the U.S. between the years 1820 and 2014.

  1. 2 million
  2. 12 million.
  3. 50 million
  4. 82 million

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.82

 

The distinction between high culture and popular culture is based mostly on ________

  1. how advanced the cultural pattern is.
  2. how long the cultural pattern has existed.
  3. the social standing of the people who display the cultural pattern.
  4. how interesting the cultural pattern is.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.83

 

Sometimes the distinction between high culture and popular culture is not so clear, as shown by the television show Here Comes Honey Boo-Boo, because ________

  1. the family in this show was always very rich.
  2. reality shows have made families that were low-income nationally-known media stars who are now earning a lot more money.
  3. Honey Boo Boo’s mother is a previous Miss America pageant winner.
  4. reality television never shows people who appear to be of low social position.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.84

 

Cultural patterns that are widespread among a society’s population are referred to as ________

  1. high culture.
  2. popular culture.
  3. elite culture.
  4. established culture.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.85

 

If you were to attend a New York Ballet performance, you would be experiencing ________

  1. high culture.
  2. popular culture.
  3. cultural transmission.
  4. virtual culture.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.3.86

 

Hip-hop music and the DJ scene first emerged ________

  1. on college campuses in the 1980s.
  2. in the South Bronx during the 1970s.
  3. among rich people in the 1990s as part of elite culture.
  4. in the South as part of that region’s tradition culture.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.87

 

Subculture refers to ________

  1. a part of the population lacking culture.
  2. people who embrace popular culture.
  3. cultural patterns that set off a part of a society’s population.
  4. people who embrace high culture.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.88

 

Harley Davidson motorcycle riders, computer programmers, and jazz musicians all display _____ patterns.

  1. high cultural
  2. popular cultural
  3. virtual cultural
  4. subcultural

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.3.89

 

Multiculturalism is defined as ________

  1. efforts to encourage immigration to the United States.
  2. efforts to establish English as the official language of the United States.
  3. a perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equality of all cultural traditions.
  4. the idea that the United States should have a single, dominant culture.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.90

 

About how many adults in the United States speak a language other than English at home?

  1. 2 million
  2. 17 million
  3. 27 million
  4. 62 million

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.91

 

Other than English, which is the most widely-spoken language in the United States?

  1. French
  2. Spanish
  3. German
  4. Chinese

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.92

 

The claim that U.S. culture is wrongly dominated by a European, and especially English, way of life characterizes our culture as ________

  1. culturally relative.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.93

 

Counterculture refers to ________

  1. people who differ in some small way.
  2. popular culture.
  3. high culture.
  4. cultural patterns that oppose those that are widely held.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.94

 

The region of the United States where the largest percentage of people speak a language other than English at home is the ________

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.95

 

Cultural integration refers to the fact that ________

  1. S. society contains many cultural patterns.
  2. European cultural patterns dominate U.S. society.
  3. change in one cultural pattern is usually linked to changes in others.
  4. everyone in the United States shares most cultural values.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.96

 

Compared to college students of the late 1960s, more of today’s college students are concerned with ________

  1. developing a philosophy of life.
  2. making money.
  3. seeking justice in the world.
  4. being involved in political affairs.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.97

 

The concept of “cultural lag” refers to the fact that ________

  1. the rate of cultural change has been slowing.
  2. some societies advance faster than others do.
  3. some people are more cultured than others.
  4. some cultural elements change more quickly than others.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.98

 

A good example of cultural lag is ________

  1. gaining the ability to modify genetic patterns in humans before understanding the possible social consequences of doing so.
  2. a slowing in the rate of invention in the computer industry.
  3. older people trying to make younger people respect tradition.
  4. virtual culture replacing traditional culture.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.3.99

 

Cultural change is set in motion in three general ways. What are they?

  1. Invention, discovery, and diffusion
  2. Invasion, invention, and experiment
  3. Immigration, imagination, and innovation
  4. Adaptation, integration, and immigration

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.100

 

The spread of cultural traits from one society to another is called ________

  1. cultural transmission.
  2. popular culture.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.101

 

Ethnocentrism refers to ________

  1. people taking pride in their ethnicity.
  2. claiming that another culture is better than your own.
  3. judging another culture using the standards of your own culture.
  4. understanding another culture using its own standards and values.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.102

 

A person who criticizes the Amish farmer as being “backward” for tilling his fields with horses and a plow instead of using a tractor is displaying ________

  1. cultural relativism.
  2. cultural diffusion.
  3. cultural integration.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.3.103

 

The practice of understanding another culture on its own terms and using its own standards is called ________

  1. cultural relativism.
  2. cultural diffusion.
  3. cultural integration.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.3.104

 

The emergence of rock-and-roll in the United States demonstrates ________

  1. the lack of a youth culture.
  2. that musical tastes are not linked to people’s social standing.
  3. that cultural patterns are subject to change.
  4. that cultural patterns rarely change.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.105

 

The flow of _______ from country to country adds to the creation of a global culture.

  1. goods
  2. animals
  3. violent acts
  4. humanitarian acts

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.4.106

 

Which theoretical approach states that the stability of U.S. society rests on core values shared by most people?

  1. The structural-functional approach
  2. The social-conflict approach
  3. The symbolic-interaction approach
  4. The sociobiology approach

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.4.107

 

Cultural universals are elements of culture that ________

  1. have always been part of U.S. culture.
  2. have diffused from the United States to other countries.
  3. have come to the United States from elsewhere.
  4. are part of every known culture.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.108

 

Telling jokes is an example of ________

  1. a cultural universal.
  2. material culture.
  3. cultural relativism.
  4. cultural lag.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.4.109

 

Which theoretical approach is linked to the philosophical doctrine of materialism?

  1. The structural-functional approach
  2. The social-conflict approach
  3. The symbolic-interaction approach
  4. The sociobiology approach

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.4.110

 

A theory that explains how schooling helps prepare young people for the work they will do as adults represents the ________

  1. structural-functional approach.
  2. social-conflict approach.
  3. symbolic-interaction approach.
  4. sociobiology approach.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.4.111

 

A Marxist analysis of U.S. culture suggests that our competitive and individualistic values reflect ________

  1. the values of the “founding fathers.”
  2. trends in Western European history.
  3. this nation’s capitalist economy.
  4. this nation’s family system.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.4.112

 

The theoretical approach that highlights the link between culture and social inequality is the ________

  1. structural-functional approach.
  2. social-conflict approach.
  3. symbolic-interaction approach.
  4. sociobiology approach.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.113

 

A feminist theoretical analysis of language in the U.S. suggests that cultural patterns support ________

  1. gender inequality.
  2. gender equality.
  3. a capitalist economy.
  4. the family system.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.4.114

 

Which theoretical approach gives an evolutionary explanation of why the sexual “double standard” is found around the world?

  1. The structural-functional approach
  2. The social-conflict approach
  3. The symbolic-interaction approach
  4. The sociobiology approach

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.5.115

 

Culture acts as a constraint, limiting human freedom because ________

  1. much culture is habit, which members of a society repeat again and again.
  2. humans cannot create new culture for themselves.
  3. culture always discourages change.
  4. culture forces us to make choices.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.5: Critique culture as limiting or expanding human freedom

Topic: Culture and Human Freedom

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.5.116

 

Culture is a source of human freedom because ________

  1. culture does not guide behavior.
  2. all culture changes very quickly.
  3. as cultural creatures, humans make and remake the world for themselves.
  4. culture is habitual.

 

Answer: c

Learning Objective: LO 3.5: Critique culture as limiting or expanding human freedom

Topic: Culture and Human Freedom

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

 

SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

 

TB_Q3.1.117

 

What is the difference between material and nonmaterial culture?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.1.118

 

What causes culture shock? Provide an example of culture shock in everyday life.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.119

 

Define and explain the importance of each of the five common components of all human culture: symbols, language, values, beliefs, and norms.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.2.120

 

What are five of the key values in U.S. culture? What quality do these values seem to have in common?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.2.121

 

What difference is found in cultural values when comparing low-income nations and high-income nations? Explain this pattern.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.2.122

 

Give an example of each of the following: (a) folkways, (b) mores, (c) a prescriptive norm, and (d) a proscriptive norm.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.123

 

What is the difference between “ideal” and “real” culture?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.124

 

What is the difference between high culture and popular culture?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.125

 

Explain how the development of hip-hop music demonstrates the fact that even people of low social position play a part in creating culture.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.126

 

What is the difference between subculture and counterculture? Define your terms carefully.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.127

 

What is ethnocentrism? What is cultural relativism? Identify a problem with each.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.4.128

 

What basic view of culture underlies the structural-functional approach? What is one weakness or limitation of this approach?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.4.129

 

What basic view of culture underlies the social-conflict approach? What is one weakness or limitation of this approach?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy Moderate

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.4.130

 

What does the sociobiology approach tell us about human culture? What is one weakness or limitation of this approach?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

 

ESSAY QUESTIONS/TOPICS FOR SHORT PAPERS

 

TB_Q3.1.131

 

Write a short essay in which you assess the idea that there is no single way of life that is “natural” for humanity. What comes naturally to our species is the creation of diverse patterns of human culture.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.1.132

 

“Human nature is the development of culture.” Explain how human beings came to be the only creatures to make use of culture as a strategy for survival.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

  1. How does ideal culture differ from real culture? Illustrate your essay using three examples of how ideal and real culture differ in U.S. society.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Apply What You Know

 

TB_Q3.2.134

 

How do cultural values differ in low-income nations and in high-income nations? What reasons can you provide for this difference?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.3.135

 

Use the emergence of rock and roll music in the 1950s to illustrate how this musical form was built from music that came before it, but also explain how it was different. How does the story of rock and roll show the link between culture and social class? What about race? What about age?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.3.136

 

Identify at least one positive and one negative consequence of declaring English as the “official” language of the United States. Why do some people strongly support this goal? Why do others strongly oppose it?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.3.137

 

How does the history of rock-and-roll music illustrate the changing and socially diverse character of our nation’s way of life? Consider race, class, gender, and age in your essay.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.3.138

 

After carefully examining National Map 3-1 on page 83, write an essay that explains how and why the experience of cultural diversity is different for people living in different regions of the United States.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.4.139

 

Write an essay that highlights the different insights about culture that come from the structural-functional approach, the social-conflict approach, and the sociobiology approach. Is one theoretical approach more appropriate than another? Or does each approach offer insights that are complementary?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

TB_Q3.5.140

 

Write a short essay in which you explain the degree to which humans living within a world of culture are free.

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.5: Critique culture as limiting or expanding human freedom

Topic: Culture and Human Freedom

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

Name ________________________________

 

Quick Quiz: Chapter 3

Culture

 

Multiple Choice:

 

TB_Q3.1.141

 

The United States is the most _______ of all countries.

  1. multicultural
  2. culturally uniform
  3. slowly changing
  4. nonmaterial

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.142

 

Key values of U.S. culture ________

  1. always fit together easily.
  2. change quickly, even from year to year
  3. are shared by absolutely everyone in a society.
  4. are sometimes in conflict with one another.

 

Answer: d

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.3.143

 

Other than English, which is the most widely-spoken language in the United States?

  1. French
  2. Spanish
  3. German
  4. Chinese

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.3: Discuss dimensions of cultural difference and cultural change

Topic: Cultural Diversity: Many Ways of Life in One World

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.4.144

 

George Murdock pointed to many cultural universals. Which of the following is NOT an example of a cultural universal?

  1. Belief in a heavenly afterlife
  2. Funeral rites
  3. The family
  4. Telling jokes

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.4: Apply sociology’s macro-level theories to gain greater understanding of culture

Topic: Theories of Culture

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.145

 

Among all forms of life, humans stand out as the only species that ________

  1. relies on culture to ensure survival.
  2. has patterned ways of living.
  3. has biological instincts.
  4. makes use of tools.

 

Answer: a

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

TB_Q3.1.146

 

The term Homo sapiens, the name of our species, comes from Latin meaning ________

  1. “person of culture.”
  2. “intelligent person.”
  3. “one who walks upright.”
  4. “person who evolves.”

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.2.147

 

The early U.S. sociologist who described the difference between folkways and mores was ________

  1. Emile Durkheim.
  2. William Graham Sumner.
  3. Harriett Martineau.
  4. George Herbert Mead.

 

Answer: b

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

 

True/False

 

TB_Q3.1.148

 

Culture refers to values, beliefs, behavior, and material things that form a way of life.

 

Answer: True

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Easy

Skill Level: Remember the Facts

 

TB_Q3.1.149

 

An example of nonmaterial culture would be the types of vehicles people use to get around.

 

Answer: False

Learning Objective: LO 3.1: Explain the development of culture as a human strategy for survival

Topic: What Is Culture?

Difficulty Level: Moderate

Skill Level: Understand the Concepts

 

Short Answer

 

TB_Q3.2.150

 

What are five of the key values in U.S. culture? What do they have in common?

 

Answer:

Learning Objective: LO 3.2: Identify common elements of culture

Topic: The Elements of Culture

Difficulty Level: Difficult

Skill Level: Analyze It

 

 

  1. #Sociology Test Bank,
  2. #Sociological Concepts,
  3. #Social Theory Questions,

 

 

 

There are no reviews yet.

Add a review

Be the first to review “Sociology 16th Edition by Macionis – Test Bank”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Category:
Updating…
  • No products in the cart.