Chapter 6 The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue

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Chapter 6  The Skeletal System: Bone Tissue

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

1.
List and briefly describe the six main functions of the skeletal system.
Ans:
The skeletal system is used for support for the soft tissues of the body and as attachment sites for tendons of most skeletal muscles. The skeletal system also functions in protection for the internal organs. The skeletal system assists in movement working together with the muscle system. Skeletal system aids in mineral homeostasis by storing several minerals and releasing them into the bloodstream on demand. Within some bones is red bone marrow that produces all blood cells. Bones are also a storage site for triglycerides throughout the body.

Difficulty:  medium

2.
Which of the following cell types is primarily responsible for breaking down osseous (bony) matrix?

A) osteoblast B) osteocyte C) chondroclast D) osteoclast E) chondrocyte

Ans:  D Difficulty:  medium

3.
What is the basic unit of compact bone tissue?

A) osteon B) stroma C) lamellae D) chromosome E) lacunae

Ans:  A Difficulty:  easy

4.
Spongy bone lacks

A) Lamellae B) Lacunae C) Osteocytes D) Osteons E) Blood

Ans:  D Difficulty:  medium

5.
Which type of bone is the femur?
A)
Long bone
D)
Irregular bone
B)
Short bone
E)
Sesamoid bone
C)
Flat bone

 

Ans:  A Difficulty:  medium

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