Chapter 19 Activity and Exercise

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Chapter 19  Activity and Exercise

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. What are the effects of decreased speed impulses in the older adult?

  1. A “scrambled” message in the brain
  2. Longer time required to complete an activity
  3. Increased confusion
  4. Forget how to complete an activity

ANS: B
Slowed transmission causes the older adult to take more time to complete an activity because the message must travel from the source to the brain and then from the brain to the parts of the body involved in completing the activity.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 306 OBJ: 2
TOP: Slowed Transmission KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

2. Why is an arthritic patient less likely to exercise?

  1. Fragility of the bones puts the patient at risk for fractures.
  2. Numbness in the feet and legs puts the patient at risk for a fall.
  3. Stiffened ligaments and tendons put the patient at risk for reduced flexibility.
  4. Moving heavy edematous limbs puts the patient at risk for fatigue.

ANS: C
Arthritis limits joint movement; in turn, this reduces tendon and ligament flexibility, making them stiff and limiting mobility.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 306 OBJ: 5 TOP: Arthritis KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

3. What action by the 75-year-old would indicate that an appropriate action has been taken to combat reduced stamina?

  1. Moving his home office to a downstairs location
  2. Using public transportation rather than driving his own car
  3. Tilling the garden plot with a motor-driven tiller
  4. Visiting the senior center twice in 1 week to play dominoes

ANS: A
Moving the office to avoid climbing stairs is related to reduced stamina.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 306 OBJ: 2 TOP: Stamina KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

4. What is the focus of aerobic exercises such as walking and biking?

  1. Improve cardiovascular function
  2. Build muscle mass

c. Improve dexterity d. Enhance balance

ANS: A
Aerobic exercises such as walking and biking are focused on improving cardiovascular function.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 307 OBJ: 2
TOP: Aerobic Exercise KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease

5. A 70-year-old woman with painful arthritic joints asks the nurse what would be the most beneficial exercise for her based upon her disability. What would be the most appropriate suggestion of the nurse?

  1. Train with hand weights.
  2. Walk on a treadmill.
  3. Do low-impact aerobics.
  4. Swim.

ANS: D
Swimming is a pleasurable aerobic exercise for many seniors, and water exercises can help individuals with sore joints because the water provides support and eases movement.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 307 OBJ: 2
TOP: Exercise for ArthriticsKEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease

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