Chapter 17 The Endocrine System

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Chapter 17  The Endocrine System

 

 

Complete chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

 

True / False Questions

1.

Hormones are normally secreted via ducts into the bloodstream.

FALSE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J01.03 Compare and contrast how the nervous and endocrine systems control body function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which the controlling signals are transferred through the body and the time course of the response(s) and action(s). HAPS Topic: Module J01 General functions of the endocrine system. Learning Outcome: 17.01c Contrast endocrine with exocrine glands. Section: 17.01 Topic: General functions of the endocrine system

Hormones serve as intracellular messengers.

FALSE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 2. Understand Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J01.03 Compare and contrast how the nervous and endocrine systems control body function, with emphasis on the mechanisms by which the controlling signals are transferred through the body and the time course of the response(s) and action(s). HAPS Topic: Module J01 General functions of the endocrine system. Learning Outcome: 17.01a Define hormone and endocrine system. Section: 17.01 Topic: General functions of the endocrine system

Testosterone is a gonadotropin.

FALSE

2.

3.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 3. Apply Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J01.02 Define the terms hormone, endocrine gland, endocrine tissue (organ), and target cell. HAPS Objective: J04.02 Define the terms releasing hormone, inhibiting hormone and tropic hormone. HAPS Objective: J05.05b In the testis, identify the gland or endocrine tissue/organ and the cells within that gland/tissue/organ that produce testosterone and inhibin. HAPS Topic: Module J01 General functions of the endocrine system. HAPS Topic: Module J04 Control by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. HAPS Topic: Module J05 Identity, source, secretory control, and functional roles of the major hormones produced by the body. Learning Outcome: 17.01a Define hormone and endocrine system. Learning Outcome: 17.03c Discuss the hormones produced by organs and tissues other than the classical endocrine glands. Section: 17.01 Section: 17.03 Topic: General functions of the endocrine system Topic: Hormones from other endocrine glands and their functions

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Copyright © 2018 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

4.

Many effects of growth hormone are mediated by insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) secreted by the pancreas.

FALSE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 2. Understand Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J05.01c Name the target tissue or cells for the hormone and describe the effect(s) of the hormone on the target tissue or cells of growth hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, oxytocin, and antidiuretic hormone (or vasopressin. HAPS Topic: Module J05 Identity, source, secretory control, and functional roles of the major hormones produced by the body. Learning Outcome: 17.02e Descibe the effects of growth hormone. Section: 17.02 Topic: Hormones of the hypothalamus and pituitary glands and their functions

Both the thymus and the pineal gland shrink after childhood.

TRUE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J05.09b In the thymus, identify the gland or endocrine tissue/organ and the cells within that gland/tissue/organ that produce thymosin. HAPS Topic: Module J05 Identity, source, secretory control, and functional roles of the major hormones produced by the body. Learning Outcome: 17.03a Describe the structure and location of the remaining endocrine glands. Section: 17.03 Topic: Hormones from other endocrine glands and their functions

Thyroid hormone has a calorigenic effect.

TRUE

5.

6.

7.

Epinephrine is said to have a glucose-sparing effect.

TRUE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 3. Apply Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J05.02c In the thyroid gland, name the target tissue or cells for the hormone and describe the effect(s) of the hormone on the target tissue or cells from thyroxine, triiodothyronine, calcitonin. HAPS Topic: Module J05 Identity, source, secretory control, and functional roles of the major hormones produced by the body. Learning Outcome: 17.03b Name the hormones these endocrine glands produce, what stimulates their secretion, and their functions. Section: 17.03 Topic: Hormones from other endocrine glands and their functions

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 3. Apply Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J05.04c In the adrenal gland, name the target tissue or cells for the hormone and describe the effect(s) of glucocorticoids (cortisol), mineralocorticoids (aldosterone), gonadocorticoids, epinephrine and norepinephrine on the target tissue or cells. HAPS Topic: Module J05 Identity, source, secretory control, and functional roles of the major hormones produced by the body. Learning Outcome: 17.03b Name the hormones these endocrine glands produce, what stimulates their secretion, and their functions. Section: 17.03 Topic: Hormones from other endocrine glands and their functions

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Copyright © 2018 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved. No reproduction or distribution without the prior written consent of McGraw-Hill Education.

  1. Cholesterol is essential for the synthesis of steroid hormones.

    TRUE

    Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: J02.01 List the major chemical classes of hormones found in the human body. HAPS Topic: Module J02 Chemical classification of hormones and mechanism of hormone actions at receptors. Learning Outcome: 17.04b Describe how hormones are synthesized and transported to their target organs. Section: 17.04 Topic: Physiology of hormones and hormone secretion

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