Chapter 16 Spirituality

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Chapter 16  Spirituality

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

____ 1. Religion provides people with instruction and guidance about what to believe and what values are essential.

ANS: T
Religion provides instruction and guidance on beliefs, values, and codes of conduct. In contrast, spirituality is a journey that integrates life experiences and understanding.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 339
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 2. Spirituality occurs over time and involves the accumulation of life experiences and understanding.

ANS: T
Spirituality is like a journey; it occurs over time and involves the accumulation of experiences and understanding, whereas religion provides general instruction and guidance on beliefs, values, and codes of conduct.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: pp. 339-340
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Which statement best describes theology?
1)
Discussions and theories related to God and His relation to the world 2)

Doctrines about the human soul and its relation to eternal life
3)
A life-long journey involving accumulation of experience and understanding 4)
Codes of conduct that integrate beliefs and values

ANS: 1
Theology is best described as discussions and theories related to God and His relation to the world. Eschatology includes doctrines about the human soul and its relation to death,

Treas Fundamentals TB16-2 Test Bank, Chapter 16

judgment, and eternal life. Spirituality is considered a lifelong journey. Religion provides codes of conduct that integrate beliefs and values.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 339
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 2. Which of the following is considered a religious denomination within the tradition of Christianity?
1)
Buddhism

2)
Jehovah’s Witnesses 3)
Sikhism
4)
Islam

ANS: 2
Jehovah’s Witnesses is a religious denomination within Christianity. Buddhism, Sikhism, and Islam are all religious traditions outside of Christianity.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: pp. 342-343; ESG, Chapter 16, “Supplemental Materials,” “Major Religions: What Should I Know?”
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 3. Which factor is held in common by many of the world religions? 1)
Strict health code, including dietary laws
2)

Belief that one must submit to a god or gods 3)
Rules prohibiting alcohol consumption
4)

Sacred writings that reveal the nature of the Supreme Being

ANS: 4
Many of the world religions have sacred writings that are authoritative and reveal the nature of the Supreme Being. Mormons follow a strict health code, which advises healthful living. Islam means submission; therefore people of Islamic faith submit to Allah. Some religions, such as Mormon, Christian Science, Baha’i, and Sikhism, prohibit alcohol consumption, but many other religions permit it.

Treas Fundamentals TB16-3 Test Bank, Chapter 16

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 339
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: HPM | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 4. A female patient tells the charge nurse that she does not want a male nurse caring for her. Which intervention by the charge nurse is best?
1)
Explain that hospital policy does not allow nursing assignments based on the gender of the nurse.

2)
Explore with the patient her beliefs and determine which might have caused her to make this statement.
3)
Assure the patient that each nurse is capable of providing professional nursing care, regardless of their gender.
4)
Comply with the patient’s request and assign a female nurse to care for the patient.

ANS: 2
The charge nurse can best serve the patient and her staff by exploring the patient’s beliefs that might prevent her from being cared for by a male. There are many reasons the woman may prefer a female nurse: she may be very modest, or she may be prejudiced against male nurses, for example. Hospital policy might state that, to prevent discrimination issues, nursing assignments should not be made based on the gender of the patient or nurse. However, even if this is so, before explaining this to the patient, the charge nurse should explore the patient’s beliefs and make special arrangements with hospital administration to uphold the patient’s beliefs, if possible. Telling the patient that each nurse is capable of providing care is not sensitive to the patient and her beliefs. Simply complying with the patient’s wishes without further investigation may alienate the nursing staff.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: pp. 341-343, pp. 351-352
KEY: Nursing process: Interventions | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Application

____ 5. A patient of Orthodox Jewish faith is admitted to the hospital with heart failure on Yom Kippur. The physician prescribes digoxin 0.25 mg to be given orally for this patient. Based on the patient’s religious affiliation, which of the following actions should the nurse take?

1)
Administer the medication as prescribed.
2)
Hold the medication until after Yom Kippur.
3)
Explain the importance of taking the medication despite the holiday. 4)
Ask the physician to change the route of administration.

Treas Fundamentals TB16-4 Test Bank, Chapter 16

ANS: 4
Orthodox Jews require an alternative to the oral route of drug administration on Yom Kippur to comply with their religious beliefs. Therefore, the nurse should ask the physician to change the route of administration. Administering the medication as prescribed breaks the patient’s religious tradition on the holiest day of the Jewish calendar. Holding the medication until after Yom Kippur delays treatment and may cause harm to the patient; furthermore, it is not within the scope of nursing practice to hold medications that have been prescribed by a physician. The nurse should explain the importance of the medication in any case; but the nurse should not try to convince the patient to break away from his religious tradition when an alternative route of administration is available.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 341
KEY: Nursing process: Interventions | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Application

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