Chapter 12 Roles and Relationships

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Chapter 12  Roles and Relationships

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. How does the nurse define a role?

  1. Positive standard of behavior
  2. Accepted behavior standard
  3. Sexually linked standard
  4. Unchangeable standard

ANS: B
A role is a socially accepted behavior standard; roles are not always positive or unchangeable.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 214 OBJ: 1
TOP: Role Definition KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

2. What is the status of any role based upon? a. Age

b. Responsibility c. Society
d. Health

ANS: C
The society in which the role is assumed delegates the value or status of that role. In some societies, advanced age is valued and given high status; in others, advanced age is not given status and the role is negative.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 214 OBJ: 1 TOP: Role Status KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

3. Which of the following accurately reflects a homogenous society?

  1. Members share a common cultural history
  2. Members are diverse in role expectation
  3. Members have conflicted role status
  4. Members may choose or change role performance

ANS: A
A homogeneous society is one that is simple and uncomplicated, in which all members share the same culture and role expectations.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 215 OBJ: 1
TOP: Homogeneous Society KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

4. A man has roles of father, husband, professional businessman, son, and community leader. What may he be at risk of experiencing?

a. Role confusion b. Isolation

c. Internal role conflict
d. Diminished self-esteem

ANS: C
The assumption of multiple roles results in conflicts because the individual roles require time and behavioral modes that may conflict with each other. For example, the behaviors that a self-directed businessman may find useful in running a successful business may conflict with being the obedient son or caring husband.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 215 OBJ: 1 TOP: Internal Role Conflict KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A

5. A nurse is counseling an older man who retires from his work and changes his role status. What will likely result in the man having fewer adjustment problems?

  1. He is financially secure.
  2. He has other roles and relationships.
  3. He is healthy.
  4. He has a supportive family.

ANS: B
Other significant roles can take the place of the role of an employed worker. The fewer roles one has, the greater the impact of retirement. Finances, health, and family are important, but not as significant to the self-image as having other satisfying roles.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 216 OBJ: 2
TOP: Impact of Retirement KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

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