Chapter 11 Self-Perception and Self-Concept

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Chapter 11  Self-Perception and Self-Concept

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The nurse cautions a group of older adults that the greatest damage to self-worth is measuring self against:

  1. internal ideals.
  2. individual values.
  3. external standards.
  4. expressions of positive feedback.

ANS: C
The use of external standards rather than internal values is an inadequate platform for self- worth. The use of positive feedback and internal individual values supports a positive perception of self-worth.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 200 OBJ: 1
TOP: Self-Worth KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

2. The nurse is aware that a positive self-perception is largely dependent on the:

  1. ability to control life’s choices.
  2. financial success attained in life.
  3. family relationships.
  4. degree of wellness.

ANS: A
Being in control of life’s choices increases and maintains a positive self-perception. DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 201 OBJ: 1
TOP: Self-Perception KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

3. The nurse recognizes that a major indicator of a positive self-image in an older adult living in a long-term care facility is:

  1. feeding self independently.
  2. maintaining urinary continence.
  3. having family visitors every week.
  4. neat grooming and wearing fresh clothing.

ANS: D
Neat grooming and care in personal appearance are cardinal indicators of a positive self- image.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 201 OBJ: 1

Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.

Test Bank 11-2

TOP: Self-Image KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

4. The nurse explains that older adults often resort to cosmetic surgery to maintain the appearance of youth and self-worth because the concept of ageism has painted old age as:

  1. an inactive population of self-indulgent persons.
  2. a group that has opted to isolate themselves.
  3. physically inept and nonproductive.
  4. an antisocial but active group.

ANS: C
Ageism has defined the older adult as physically inept, nonproductive, and essentially unattractive.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 202 OBJ: 1
TOP: Ageism KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

5. The long-term care facility nurse sees evidence that the most devastating blow to the self-concept of the older adult is institutional placement because persons in a long-term care facility:

  1. are perceived as a single group.
  2. have individual needs that are not met.
  3. have lost many belongings that made up their identity.
  4. have lost social contact.

ANS: C
The losses of home, spouse, car, and independence in making choices are devastating blows to someone’s self-image, even if he or she has social contacts and individual needs are met. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 202 OBJ: 2
TOP: Institutionalization KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

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