Chapter 1 Historical Perspective and Current Trends

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Chapter 1  Historical Perspective and Current Trends

 

 

Complete chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

The nursing student predominantly uses knowledge about the history of nursing for what purpose?

  1. To understand the professional choices open to the student
  2. To prevent making medication errors in practice
  3. To determine what geographical area is the best place to practice
  4. To reduce the cost of delivering quality healthcare

The nurse is working in an underdeveloped country and observes the natives lighting ritual fires and pounding on primitive drums around the sick person to promote recovery. The nurse interprets this behavior as indicating the natives believe illness results from what?

  1. Pathogens and genetics
  2. Evil spirits
  3. Tides and planets
  4. Plants and animals

The person credited with making a written record of healthcare practices and removing the mythical

aspect of healthcare is who?

  1. Hammurabi
  2. Florence Nightingale
  3. Hippocrates
  4. Apollo

Who served as the first public health nurses, caring for the sick and the poor?

  1. The Presbyterian Church
  2. Salerno
  3. Jewish scholars
  4. Convent deaconesses

What is a crucial issue the nurse working in the late industrialization era would need to address in

order to promote health?

  1. Reducing spread of infection
  2. Reducing sedentary lifestyle
  3. Teaching proper use of medications
  4. Teaching use of car seats

What types of skills would a nursing student learn while attending Kaiserworth Deaconess

Institution in 1836?

  1. Administering immunizations
  2. Assisting in surgery
  3. Washing and changing bed linens
  4. Developing a plan of care

The nurse demonstrates Florence Nightingale’s theory of nursing with what intervention?

1. Respecting the patient’s culture and incorporating cultural needs in the plan of care

  1. Promoting good health and treating those who are ill in a holistic manner
  2. Understanding how to motivate people to practice a healthy lifestyle and reduce

    risks

  3. Teaching other nurses how to deliver the highest quality of nursing care.

 

 

Chapter 1: Historical Perspective and Current Trends Answer Section

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. ANS: 1
Understanding nursing history helps the nurse to better recognize the many choices available when choosing their own future path.

PTS: 1 REF: Chapter: 1 OBJ: Objective: 1
KEY: Content Area: History | Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation | Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment | Cognitive Level: Applying

2. ANS: 2
A belief that disease was caused by evil spirits would result in lighting fires or candles and making loud noise to try to ward off the spirits.

PTS: 1 REF: Chapter: 1 OBJ: Objective: 2
KEY: Content Area: History | Integrated Processes: Nursing Process | Client Need: Psychosocial Integrity | Cognitive Level: Analyzing

3. ANS: 3
Hippocrates wrote the first medical textbook, outlining current healthcare practices and removed the mythical belief that Apollo was responsible for health. Hammurabi wrote a code of laws to protect the patient and define legal limitations of caregivers, Florence Nightingale introduced modern nursing during the Crimean War, and Apollo was a mythical God who was believed to control health and wellness.

PTS: 1 REF: Chapter: 1 OBJ: Objective: 2
KEY: Content Area: History | Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation | Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment | Cognitive Level: Understanding

4. ANS: 4
Deaconesses from local convents acted as the first public health nurses, providing care for the sick and the poor based on the Christian belief in the importance of caring for one another.

PTS: 1 REF: Chapter: 1 OBJ: Objective: 2
KEY: Content Area: History | Integrated Processes: Communication and Documentation | Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment | Cognitive Level: Understanding

5. ANS: 1
Many deaths resulted from communicable diseases and lack of cleanliness in hospitals, so the nurse’s priority concern with health promotion would be reducing the spread of infection.

PTS: 1 REF: Chapter: 1 OBJ: Objective: 2
KEY: Content Area: History | Integrated Processes: Teaching/Learning | Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance | Cognitive Level: Analyzing

6. ANS: 3
Washing and changing bed linens, mopping floors, and housekeeping tasks were included as part of the nurse’s education. Immunizations did not exist at that time in history, and surgery was uncommon and very primitive with frequent poor outcomes. Thus assistants were rarely required and not part of nursing school. Plan of care considerations were not used until after the mid 1900s.

PTS: 1 REF: Chapter: 1 OBJ: Objective: 2
KEY: Content Area: History | Integrated Processes: Teaching/Learning | Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment | Cognitive Level: Understanding

7. ANS: 2
Nightingale believed the nurse’s primary responsibilities included promoting health and treating the ill.

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