Chapter 06 Maintaining Fluid Balance and Meeting Nutrition Needs

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Chapter 06  Maintaining Fluid Balance and Meeting Nutrition Needs

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The nurse explains that the lowest recommended daily caloric intake to meet nutritional needs of the older adult safely is _____ calories.

  1. 1000
  2. 1200
  3. 1400
  4. 1800

ANS: B
The minimal caloric intake for the older adult that will meet nutritional needs of the older adult is 1200 calories.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 103 OBJ: 2
TOP: Minimal Calorie Intake KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

2. The 65-year-old woman brags that by using the MyPyramid guidelines for nutrition, she has lost 15 lb. The nurse reminds her that in order to maintain the weight loss, she must be physically active for _____ minutes a day.

  1. 15 to 20
  2. 20 to 30
  3. 30 to 40
  4. 40 to 60

ANS: D
According to the guidelines of MyPyramid, an activity period of 40 to 60 minutes a day is necessary to maintain weight loss.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 104 OBJ: 4
TOP: MyPyramid KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

3. The nurse recommends that the older man eat chicken and fish because these are complete proteins, which have:

  1. some molecules of carbohydrate.
  2. all the essential amino acids.
  3. high fat content.
  4. soluble fiber.

ANS: B

Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.

Test Bank 6-2

Fish and lean chicken have all the essential amino acids and very little fat content, unlike red meat.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: 106 OBJ: 2
TOP: Complete Protein KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation

MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

4. The nurse explains that high-density lipoproteins (HDLs), the so-called “healthy fats,” are made up of:

  1. mainly proteins.
  2. mostly triglycerides.
  3. mainly cholesterol.
  4. a variety of minerals.

ANS: A
HDLs are made up primarily of proteins, as opposed to lipids such as triglycerides, which are found in very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and cholesterol, which is found in low- density lipoproteins (LDLs).
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 106 OBJ: 1
TOP: High-Density Lipoproteins KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

5. The nurse points out that the nonhealing pressure ulcers and decreasing visual acuity in a patient on a fat-restricted diet may be related to the patient’s impaired ability to metabolize vitamin:

  1. A.
  2. B6.
  3. B12.
  4. C.

ANS: A
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and helps with wound healing and night vision acuity. Persons on low-fat diets may not be able to metabolize vitamin A from food sources because of the decreased fat in their diet.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: 106 OBJ: 6
TOP: Vitamin A Deficiency KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

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