Chapter 04 Health Education and Health Promotion

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Chapter 04  Health Education and Health Promotion

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

Multiple Choice

1. Nurses in all venues have an obligation to provide health education to patients. Who is ultimately responsible for maintaining and promoting health?
A) Classroom teachers
B) Parents

C) Physicians D) Patients

Ans: D
Chapter: 4
Client Needs: B
Cognitive Level: Application
Difficulty: Moderate
Integrated Process: Teaching/Learning Objective: 1
Page and Header: 42, Health Education Today

Feedback: American society places a great importance on health and the responsibility that each of us has to maintain and promote our own health. Therefore the other options are incorrect.

2. The elderly patient has come to the clinic for a follow-up appointment. The nurse learns from the patient’s daughter that the patient is not following the instructions she received upon discharge from the hospital last month. What could be a factor in a patient not adhering to her therapeutic regimen?

A) Ethnic background of health care provider B) Costs of prescribed regimen
C) Wellness state
D) Personality of the physician

Ans: B
Chapter: 4
Client Needs: B
Cognitive Level: Analysis
Difficulty: Moderate
Integrated Process: Teaching/Learning Objective: 2
Page and Header: 43, Health Education Today

Feedback: Variables that appear to influence the degree of adherence to a prescribed therapeutic regimen include gender, race, education, illness, complexity of the regimen, and the cost of treatments. The ethnic background of the health care provider, the patient’s wellness state, and the personality of the physician are not considered variables that appear to influence the degree of adherence to a prescribed therapeutic regimen.

3. Elderly people often do not adhere to a therapeutic regimen. This is a significant problem. What strategy is the best to assist the elderly in adhering to a therapeutic regimen?
A) Demonstrate a dressing change and allow the patient to practice.
B) Provide a pamphlet on a dressing change.

C) Verbally instruct the patient how to change a dressing. D) Have a family member change the dressing.

Ans: A
Chapter: 4
Client Needs: B
Cognitive Level: Application
Difficulty: Difficult
Integrated Process: Teaching/Learning Objective: 2
Page and Header: 43, Health Education Today

Feedback: The nurse must consider that cognitive deficiencies can be manifested by the elderly

population’s inability to draw inferences, apply information, or understand major teaching points. Demonstration and practice are essential in meeting these deficiencies. The other options are incorrect because the elderly may have problems reading and/or understanding a written pamphlet or verbal instructions. Having a family member change the dressing when the patient is capable of doing it impedes self-care and independence.

4. A patient newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes needs to learn how to give himself insulin. A nurse preparing to teach this patient how to administer an insulin injection must remember that one of the major variables that influences a patient’s readiness to learn is what?
A) Lifespan

B) Gender
C) Occupation D) Culture

Ans: D
Chapter: 4
Client Needs: D-1
Cognitive Level: Application
Difficulty: Difficult
Integrated Process: Teaching/Learning
Objective: 3
Page and Header: 43, The Nature of Teaching and Learning

Feedback: One of the major variables that influence a patient’s readiness to learn is the patient’s culture, because it affects how a person learns and what information is learned. Other variables include illness states, values, emotional readiness, and physical readiness.

5. The nurse is planning to teach a 75-year-old patient about administering her medication. How can the nurse enhance the patient’s ability to learn?
A) Provide links to websites that contain information related to the medication
B) Exclude family members from the session

C) Use color-coded materials
D) Make the information relevant to the patient’s condition

Ans: D
Chapter: 4
Client Needs: D-2
Cognitive Level: Application Difficulty: Moderate
Integrated Process: Teaching/Learning

Objective: 5
Page and Header: 46, The Nature of Teaching and Learning

Feedback: Studies have shown that older adults can learn and remember if the information is paced appropriately, relevant, and followed by appropriate feedback.

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