**Solution Manual Advanced Transport Phenomena Analysis, Modeling, and Computations Ramachandran 1st edition **

**Complete Solution Manual With Answers**

**Sample Chapter is Posted Below**

Chapter 1 Solutions

1. Explain briefly the following terminologies. ( SOLUTIONS shown below each

iter)

• Continuum models

Matter is assumed to be continuous in space rather than discrete atomic

entities.

• Control volume and control surface

A region of system or equipment isolated for analysis and the corresponding

bounding area.

• Conservation laws

Mass, energy and momentum are conserved. Species mass has to be in

accordance to chemical reaction stoichiometry.

• Constitutive models or laws

Law describing the rate (mainly molecular) transport as a function of the

corresponding driving force

• Differential or microscopic models

Model developed for a differential volume which is then made to tend to

zero limit

• 1-D or mesoscopic models

Model for a volume spanning the entire flow area and a differential length

in the flow direction

• Macroscopic models

Model spanning an arbitrary volume not necessarily tending to zero limit

• Gradient vector and directional derivative

Generalization of slope to three dimensions.

Directional derivative is the change in a property per unit length in a

specified direction.

• Laminar and turbulent flow

• Friction factor

A dimensionless group relating pressure drop or wail shear stress

• Heat transfer coefficient.

H o m a n t h t e r t a c e t o f u d i n t h e a s e t c o f a d e l a t e d d i e c e n t i a m o d a l

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