Manual Of Structural Kinesiology 19th Edition – Test Bank

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Complete Test Bank With Answers

 

 

 

Sample Questions Posted Below

 

 

 

 

Chapter 05

The Shoulder Joint

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. The origin of the pectoralis major muscle is the coracoid process of the scapula.
    FALSE

 

  1. The coracobrachialis muscle inserts on the coracoid process.
    FALSE

 

  1. The teres minor muscle is innervated by the axillary nerve from C5 and C6.
    TRUE

 

  1. The deltoid muscle is innervated by the axillary nerve from C5 and C6.
    TRUE

 

  1. The sternal head of the pectoralis major muscle is innervated by the lateral pectoral nerve arising from C8 and T1.
    FALSE

 

  1. When attempting extreme external rotation the total shoulder range of motion is enhanced by scapula adduction.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. The clavicular head of the pectoralis major is innervated by the lateral pectoral nerve arising from C5, C6, and C7.
    TRUE

 

  1. The infraspinatus muscle is innervated by the suprascapular nerve from C5 and C6.
    TRUE

 

  1. The coracobrachialis muscle is innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve from C5, C6, and C7.
    TRUE

 

  1. The origin of the pectoralis major muscle includes the medial half of the anterior surface of the clavicle.
    TRUE

 

  1. The origin of the pectoralis major muscle includes the portion of the sternum adjacent to the costal cartilages of the first six ribs.
    TRUE

 

  1. The insertion of the pectoralis major muscle is the flat tendon 2-3 inches wide to the outer lip of the intertubercular groove of the humerus.
    TRUE

 

  1. The origin of the deltoid muscle includes the anterior lateral third of the clavicle and the lateral portion of the acromion process.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. The insertion of the deltoid muscle is the humeral tuberosity on the lateral humerus.
    FALSE

 

  1. The range of motion of the glenohumeral joint in the frontal plane is approximately 90-95° for adduction and abduction.
    TRUE

 

  1. Posterior dislocations occur frequently at the glenohumeral joint.
    FALSE

 

  1. The rotator cuff muscle group includes the subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor muscles.
    TRUE

 

  1. The agonist muscles associated with glenohumeral diagonal abduction are the posterior deltoid, infraspinatus, teres minor, and biceps brachii.
    FALSE

 

  1. The agonist muscles that perform glenohumeral flexion are the anterior deltoid and the pectoralis major.
    TRUE

 

  1. One of the functions of the supraspinatus muscle is to stabilize the humeral head in the glenoid fossa.
    TRUE

 

  1. Subscapularis action is opposed by the infraspinatus.
    TRUE

 

 

  1. The stability of the glenohumeral joint is enhanced by its significant mobility.
    FALSE

 

  1. Anterior deltoid action is opposed by the posterior deltoid.
    TRUE

 

  1. Supraspinatus action prevents superior translation of the humerus.
    TRUE

 

  1. Glenohumeral joint stability is enhanced by the glenoid labrum.
    TRUE

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following muscles of the shoulder joint are located on the posterior surface of the scapula?
    A.Pectoralis major
    B. Coracobrachialis
    C. Supraspinatus
    D. Subscapularis

 

  1. Which of the following is not a structure associated with the shoulder joint?
    A.Ribs
    B. Humerus
    C. Clavicle
    D. Scapula

 

 

  1. Which of the following is an action of the middle fibers of the deltoid muscles?
    A.Abduction
    B. Extension
    C. Flexion
    D. Adduction

 

  1. Which of the following is not a muscle of the rotator cuff group?
    A.Supraspinatus
    B. Infraspinatus
    C. Teres minor
    D. Intrascapularis

 

  1. Which of the following is not a function of the latissimus dorsi muscle?
    A.External rotation
    B. Internal rotation
    C. Extension
    D. Adduction

 

  1. Which of the following is the insertion of the latissimus dorsi muscle?
    A.Posterior crest of the ilium
    B. Back of the sacrum
    C. Medial lip of the intertubercular groove of the humerus
    D. Spinous processes of the lumbar and lower six thoracic vertebrae

 

  1. Which of the following is not an origin of the latissimus dorsi muscle?
    A.Posterior crest of the ilium
    B. Back of the sacrum
    C. Spinous processes of the lumbar and lower six thoracic vertebrae
    D. Medial lip of the intertubercular groove of the humerus

 

 

  1. Which of the following is an action of the latissimus dorsi muscle?
    A.Internal rotation
    B. External rotation
    C. Extension
    D. Both internal rotation and extension

 

  1. Which of the following is not an action of the pectoralis major muscle?
    A.Internal rotation
    B. Pronation
    C. Flexion
    D. Abduction

 

  1. Which of the following is an origin of the latissimus dorsi muscle?
    A.Posterior crest of the ilium
    B. Front of the sacrum
    C. Spinous processes of the lumbar and lower eight thoracic vertebrae
    D. Slips of the lower seven ribs

 

  1. Which of the following are not actions of the pectoralis minor muscle?
    A.Abduction
    B. Downward rotation
    C. Depression
    D. Adduction

 

  1. The glenohumeral ligaments include all of the following except?
    A.Anterior glenohumeral ligament
    B. Superior glenohumeral ligament
    C. Inferior glenohumeral ligament
    D. Middle glenohumeral ligament

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not considered to be a muscle in the rotator cuff group?
    A.Teres major
    B. Teres minor
    C. Infraspinatus
    D. Subscapularis

 

  1. An action common to the latissimus dorsi, teres major, and lower pectoralis major is _____.
    A.abduction
    B. extension
    C. external rotation
    D. flexion

 

  1. Which of the following is considered to be an extrinsic glenohumeral muscle?
    A.Deltoid
    B. Coracobrachialis
    C. Teres major
    D. Latissimus dorsi

 

  1. Which of the following is not an intrinsic glenohumeral muscle?
    A.Deltoid
    B. Coracobrachialis
    C. Teres major
    D. Pectoralis major

 

  1. Which of the following are not anterior muscles of the shoulder joint?
    A.Pectoralis major
    B. Coracobrachialis
    C. Supraspinatus
    D. Subscapularis

 

 

  1. An action common to the latissimus dorsi, teres major, and lower pectoralis major is _____.
    A.abduction
    B. adduction
    C. external rotation
    D. flexion

 

  1. Which of the following is not a factor that contributes to the predisposition for injury at the glenohumeral joint?
    A.Shallowness of glenoid fossa
    B. Laxity of ligamentous structures
    C. Lack of strength and endurance in muscles
    D. Tight configuration of ligaments

 

  1. An action common to the latissimus dorsi, teres major, subscapularis and pectoralis major is _____.
    A.abduction
    B. adduction
    C. internal rotation
    D. extension

 

  1. An action common to the posterior deltoid, teres minor, and infraspinatus is _____.
    A.abduction
    B. adduction
    C. external rotation
    D. internal rotation

 

  1. The most common glenohumeral dislocation is _____.
    A.anterior
    B. inferior
    C. posterior
    D. superior

 

 

  1. Which of the following glenohumeral motions is often restricted leading to a higher risk of injury among overhead throwers?
    A.Abduction
    B. Flexion
    C. External rotation
    D. Internal rotation

 

 

Essay Questions

  1. Explain how the glenohumeral joint remains stable during movement. Use facts such as specific muscles and ligaments to support your answer.

Answer will vary

 

  1. List two (2) muscles of the shoulder joint that are considered to be extrinsic.
  2. Latissimus dorsi
    2. Pectoralis major

 

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