Managing Diversity 3rd Edition By Barak – Test Bank

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Chapter 5: Socioeconomic Transitions: The New Realities of the Global Workforce

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. Migration of working-age people has traditionally contributed to __________ such imbalances in labor demand and supply, and is still a solution for many in developing countries.

 

  1. Exacerbating
  2. Resolving
  3. Questioning
  4. Perpetuating

 

Ans:  B

Page:  99

 

  1. Migration of workers or migration of employers, and the resulting encounter of people from different places with different cultures and capabilities, is an important contributor to _______________.

 

  1. Socioeconomic Diversity
  2. Gender Diversity
  3. Age Diversity
  4. Workplace Diversity

 

Ans:  D

Page:  100

 

  1. International migrants tend to head for countries with which they share

 

  1. Traditional relationships
  2. Historic relationships
  3. Geographic proximity
  4. All of the above

 

Ans:  D

Page: 101

 

 

  1. Globalization is allowing countries to _________ many of their employers, particularly those in labor intensive, low paying industries that make a product that is transportable.

 

  1. Retain
  2. Import
  3. Export
  4. Retire early

 

Ans:  C

Page:  100

 

  1. The proportion of foreign or foreign-born workers grew in European countries that are primary destinations for people from neighboring countries in _____________.

 

  1. Asia
  2. Eastern Europe
  3. United Nations
  4. All of the above

 

Ans:  B

Page:  102

 

  1. Which oil rich, labor-poor regions have been the most notable recipients of worker migrants, especially from a wide range of Asian countries?

 

  1. South Africa
  2. Middle East
  3. Southeast Asia
  4. European Union

 

Ans: B

Page: 103

 

  1. Population trends are making culturally based workforce diversity a fact of life for virtually all _______________.

 

  1. Undeveloped Countries
  2. Developed Countries
  3. Countries in Europe
  4. All of the above

 

Ans:  B

Page: 101

 

  1. The occupational patterning of migrants is _________ in broad categories if both sides of the migration equation are considered.

 

  1. Predictable
  2. Unpredictable
  3. Easily tracked
  4. Never easily tracked

 

Ans:  A

Page:  104

 

  1. Jobs that are _____ paying and ____ status in an industrialized country can be exported as _____ paying and _____ status to developing companies.

 

  1. Low; Low; High; High
  2. Low; High; Low; High
  3. High; Low; High; Low
  4. High; High; Low; Low

 

Ans:  A

Page: 100

 

  1. The United Nations estimated that between 2005 and 2010 for the first time the growth rate of the migrant stock (meaning all migrants, not just workers) for less-developed regions ____________ the rate for more-developed regions.

 

  1. Equaled
  2. Surpassed
  3. Fell behind
  4. Quadrupled

 

 

Ans:  B

Page:  103

 

  1. _______________ within the European Union (EU) is relatively low, as evidenced by the general reluctance of most people to migrate for work, given alternative, albeit less attractive opportunities at home.

 

  1. Inter-country mobility
  2. Cross-border mobility
  3. Full-time employment
  4. Two-job employment

 

Ans:  B

Page:  102

 

  1. Advanced economies that reward and subsidize high educational attainment are increasingly experiencing a need for workers to perform unskilled tasks, particularly the service tasks that national economies cannot ____________.

 

  1. Export
  2. Import
  3. Sustain
  4. Distribute

 

Ans: A

Page:  104

 

 

  1. Although there is no indication that the natural human reluctance to leave home and family is any less pronounced among the highly skilled, in some countries policy failures by governments have encouraged large numbers of skilled people to migrate.

 

  1. Stay in their home
  2. Migrate
  3. Participate in an underground economy
  4. Accept menial jobs.

 

Ans:  B

Page:  105

 

  1. In a ___________ trade environment, transnational corporations export capital to reduce their labor costs and, indirectly, increase new markets for their products.

 

  1. Robust
  2. Liberalized
  3. Conservative
  4. Government controlled

 

Ans:  B

Page:  106

 

  1. The net amount of investment by nonresidents in enterprises in which nonresidents exercise significant management control is knows as:

 

  1. Foreign straight share
  2. Foreign straight investment
  3. Foreign direct share
  4. Foreign direct investment

 

Ans:  D

Page:  107

 

  1. The origins of workforce diversity in EU countries have tended to be relatively ____________.

 

  1. Stagnant
  2. Robust
  3. Unreliable
  4. Predictable

 

Ans: D

Page:  102

 

  1. Worker migration is a _____________, leading to constant change in supplying and receiving countries.

 

  1. Predictable Process
  2. Restrained Process
  3. Dynamic Process
  4. Unpredictable Process

 

Ans:  C

Page:  109

 

  1. In addition to return of previous migrants, _____________________ was one of the first migration channels to be affected by the economic downturn.

 

  1. A) Contracted services migration
  2. B) White collar migration
  3. C) Temporary labor migration
  4. D) Family reunification migration

 

Ans:  C

Page:  106

 

  1. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) estimated that _______________ generated about a quarter of global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2010.

 

  1. Hospitality Industries
  2. Transnational Corporations
  3. Micro Business Industries
  4. S. Corporations

 

Ans: B

Page: 108

 

  1. In 2001, while the American plant manager and his team were working on changing the plant’s culture regarding attitudes toward women, _____________ agreed to pay a multimillion dollar settlement to African American and Hispanic workers who were experiencing racial and job discrimination.

 

  1. Chrysler
  2. Mitsubishi
  3. Ford
  4. Chevy

 

Ans: B

Page: 109

 

True/False

 

  1. True or False. Countries with vibrant economies tend to attract immigrants from their former colonies and/or their relatively impoverished neighborhoods.

 

Ans:  True

Page:  102

 

  1. True or False. In 2012, a carbide chemical plant released a deadly gas that formed a cloud over a large population, resulting in an environmental disaster. Luckily there were no deaths reported.

 

Ans:  False

Page:  110

 

  1. True or False. Migrant worker opportunities and their place in the workforce are determined by the evolution of the receiving economy, as well as by the capabilities they possess relative to workers in the host country.

 

Ans:  True

Page:  104

 

  1. True or False. Highly skilled people from developing countries often migrate in search of better opportunities than their home economies can offer.

 

Ans:   True

Page:  105

 

  1. True or False. Immigration is beginning to diversify workplaces in some Eastern European economies, including countries that have joined an expanded European Union (EU).

 

Ans:  True

Page: 102

 

  1. True or False. Education enrollment rates are decreasing in developing countries, though more slowly for women than for men.

 

Ans: False

Page: 112

 

  1. True or False. The growing share of direct foreign investment going to undeveloped countries has received more attention due to their emphasis on diverse workforce composition.

 

Ans:  False

Page:  109

 

Essay

 

  1. What are some of the world-wide trends that have caused the workforce to become increasingly diverse?

 

Ans: Workforces are becoming increasingly diverse, due largely to the interaction of demographic trends and economic evolution and to the international human rights movement.

Page: Varies

 

 

  1. What is the Barefoot College, where is it located and how has it helped educate the rural poor?

 

Ans: Box 5.4

Page: 113-114

 

  1. What was the impact from the Bhopal Disaster in December 1984?

 

Ans: Box 5.2.

Page: 110-111

 

 

 

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