Labour Relations 3rd Edition by Larry Suffield – Test Bank

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CHAPTER 5

 

GOVERNMENTS, LABOUR RELATIONS BOARDS, AND OTHER PARTIES

 

True/False

 

  1. Governments become involved in labour relations in order to regulate outcomes and processes.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Government processes or methods that affect labour relations include contract negotiation and protection of the public interest.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Governments use legal action to achieve their objectives.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Federal, provincial, and local governments employ 5 percent of working Canadians.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Labour relations legislation provides rules regarding a union obtaining the right to represent employees, and regulates the rights of employers during a union organizing campaign.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Employment standards legislation provides rules regarding a union obtaining the right to represent employees, and regulates the rights of employers during a union organizing campaign.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Employment standards legislation guarantees fair and generally acceptable terms of employment.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Governments provide mandatory services that unions and employers must use to improve their relationship.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. The public sector includes 28 percent of Canadian employees.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Governments become involved in labour relations to protect the public interest.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Some legislation enacted by governments may be the result of efforts to maintain the support of the business community.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Labour Relations Board members are chosen by unions and employers.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Labour Relations Boards are responsible for assisting locals with contract negotiation.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Labour Relations Boards process union applications to represent employeea.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Labour Relations Boards are a part of the federal government.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. Many labour relations board decisions are subject to judicial review.

 

Answer:  False

 

  1. The responsibilities of labour relations boards vary between provinces.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. Arbitrators resolve disputes between unions and employers by hearing evidence and rendering a final and binding decision.

 

Answer:  True

 

  1. The decisions of arbitrators are reviewed by the ministry responsible for labour relations issues in each jurisdiction.

 

Answer:  False

  1. Arbitrators process applications to terminate a union’s bargaining rights.

 

Answer:  False

 

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. The government’s role in labour relations has been described as a:
    1. regulator
    2. participant
    3. watchdog
    4. a, b, and c
    5. a and b

 

Answer: e

 

  1. Which of the following is not a method used by government to achieve its objectives?
  2. back-to- work legislation
  3. contract negotiation.
  4. monetary policy
  5. maintaining office
  6. employment standards legislation

 

Answer: d

 

  1. Which of the following is a not reason governments have become involved in labour relations?
    1. to prevent harmful effects of strikes and lockouts
    2. to increase the influence of Canadian national unions and decrease the influence of international unions
    3. to regulate the wages provided in collective agreements
    4. to satisfy political supporters
    5. to regulate the results of a market economy

 

Answer: b

 

  1. Labour relations legislation regulates:
  2. processes
  3. the economy.
  4. industry
  5. market results

 

Answer: a

 

  1. Which of the following is correct regarding government regulation of labour relations processes?
    1. The primary method governments use is employment standards legislation.
    2. Governments only regulate union organizing.
    3. Governments regulate contract negotiation by imposing a duty to bargain in good faith.
    4. Labour relations legislation requires disputes relating to union organizing to be referred to arbitration.
    5. Labour relations legislation requires disputes relating to contract negotiation to be referred to arbitration.

 

Answer: c

 

  1. Governments provide assistance to unions and employers by:
    1. paying the cost of arbitration
    2. providing education and training programs
    3. providing conciliation and mediation services
    4. b and c
    5. funding labour federations

 

Answer: d

 

  1. A collective agreement between a union and an employer does not provide for leave to care for seriously ill family members. During the term of the collective agreement the government has passed legislation that provides employees a leave to care for seriously ill family members.  Which of the following is correct?
  2. Employees will be entitled to the leave when the current collective agreement expires.
  3. Employees will be entitled to the leave when it is included in the next collective agreement.
  4. Employees will be not be entitled to the leave if is not included in the next collective agreement.
  5. Employees are entitled to the leave when the legislation is enacted.
  6. Employees are entitled to the leave if the union and the employer amend the existing collective agreement.

 

Answer: d

 

  1. Which of the following is correct with regard to employment standards legislation?
  2. All employees are covered by the legislation.
  3. There are problems with the enforcement of the legislation.
  4. Standards are set at high levels that employers cannot afford.
  5. It only protects provincially regulated employees.
  6. It only protects federally regulated employees.

 

Answer: b

 

  1. Labour Relations Board members are:
    1. appointed by unions and employers
    2. elected by unions and employers
    3. appointed by government
    4. all neutral
    5. c and d

 

Answer: c

 

  1. Labour Relations Boards have responsibility for which of the following?
    1. dealing with wrongful dismissal suits brought by terminated employees
    2. dealing with employment standards complaints filed by employees
    3. dealing with applications for certification
    4. a, b, and c
    5. b and c

 

Answer: c

 

  1. A union has been attempting to organize employees at ABC Company. The employer has terminated the company employee who is leading the organizing campaign. To obtain a remedy the union will file an application with:
    1. the Labour Relations Board
    2. an arbitrator
    3. the court system
    4. the Canadian Labour Congress
    5. the government ministry responsible for labour issues

 

Answer: a

 

  1. When an application is made to a Labour Relations Board:
    1. a settlement officer attempts to resolve the dispute
    2. a hearing is mandatory
    3. the Board has limited remedial authority
    4. a hearing always involves a three-person panel of the Board
    5. a hearing is always conducted by a single member of the Board

 

Answer: a

 

  1. Labour relations disputes such as unfair labour practice complaints are referred to Labour Relations Boards in Canada. In the United States some disputes are referred to the court system.  The result of this that:
    1. disputes are resolved faster in Canada
    2. disputes are resolved by a body with more expertise in the U.S.
    3. dispute resolution is more costly in Canada
    4. disputes are resolved faster in the U.S.
    5. none of the above, there are no differences between the two countries

 

Answer: a

 

  1. Governments are actors in the labour relations system because they:
    1. regulate labour relations processes
    2. regulate labour relations outcomes
    3. protect the public interest
    4. a, b, and c
    5. a and c

 

Answer: d

 

  1. Which of the following is correct?
  2. There is no way to legally challenge or review an arbitrator’s decision.
  3. Generally, unions and employers accept an arbitrator’s recommendations.
  4. Arbitration is a way to resolve disputes between unions and employers without a work stoppage.
  5. The majority of arbitration decisions are reviewed in the courts.
  6. A formal hearing is not required before an arbitrator renders a decision.

 

Answer: c

 

Essay Questions

 

  1. Identify three objectives of governments relating to labour relations and describe three methods that could be used to achieve those objectives.

 

  1. Explain four reasons why governments become involved in labour relations.

 

  1. The government is an actor in labour relations. Describe four ways that the government could affect the labour relations system.

 

  1. Labour Relations Boards are important actors in the labour relations system. Explain three functions of a labour relations board.

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