Introduction To International Disaster Management 3rd Edition by Damon P. Coppola – Test Bank

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Damon Coppola: Introduction to International Disaster Management, 3rd Edition

Chapter 5: Preparedness

 

  1. Which of the following describes the goal of disaster preparedness?

 

  1. Knowing what actions need to take place when a disaster strikes
  2. Learning how to perform certain response tasks when a disaster strikes
  3. Becoming equipped with the right tools to respond effectively to a disaster

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is not one of the five general categories of government preparedness actions?

 

  1. Statutory authority
  2. Exercise

*c. Funding

  1. Training

 

  1. Which of the following information is not normally included in an emergency operations plan (EOP)?

 

  1. Details about what people and agencies will be involved in the response to hazard events
  2. Responsibilities assigned to various officials during times of disaster
  3. Under what conditions emergency management and related officials are expected to perform response activities

*d. Sources of funding for hazard mitigation projects addressing the community or country’s hazards

 

  1. Which of the following sections of the EOP base plan describes the scope of the plan?

 

*a. Situation

  1. Introductory material
  2. Purpose
  3. Concept of operations

 

  1. Which of the following might be covered by a functional annex?

 

  1. Evacuation
  2. Volunteer management
  3. Neither a nor b

*d. Both a and b

 

  1. Which of the following describes the logical order of progression by which emergency management exercises should be conducted?

 

*a. Drill, table-top exercise, functional exercise, full-scale exercise

  1. Drill, functional exercise, full-scale exercise, table-top exercise
  2. Table-top exercise, drill, full-scale exercise, functional exercise
  3. Table-top exercise, drill, functional exercise, full-scale exercise

 

  1. Equipment from which of the following categories might include shoring devices?

 

  1. Personal protective equipment (PPE)

*b. Rescue equipment

  1. Disaster medical care equipment
  2. Hazardous materials equipment

 

  1. Which of the following categories involves equipment that enhances command and control?

 

*a. Communications systems

  1. Public warning and alert systems
  2. Disaster medical care
  3. Personal protective equipment (PPE)

 

  1. Which of the following systems allows emergency management officials to receive information from the public?

 

  1. Internet-based warning systems
  2. Remote-activated emergency radios
  3. Disaster public information systems

*d. Public emergency reporting systems (“911” systems)

 

  1. Statutory authority is important because it does which of the following?

 

  1. Authorizes emergency expenditures of government funds
  2. Defines leadership and lines of control and succession
  3. Provides authorities with the power to carry out their emergency functions

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Which of the following is considered the most effective means by which awareness of a hazard is acquired by an individual?

 

  1. Public education
  2. Social marketing

*c. Personal experience

  1. Interpersonal relationships

 

  1. The poor are most likely to get their disaster-related information from which of the following?

 

*a. Information social networks

  1. Newspapers
  2. Government sources
  3. Disaster managers

 

  1. Which of the following categories of public education seeks to teach an informed public how to react in the midst of and aftermath of a hazard?

 

*a. Post-disaster response behavior

  1. Pre-disaster risk reduction (mitigation) behavior
  2. Pre-disaster preparedness behavior
  3. Post-disaster recovery behavior

 

  1. Which of the following describes the goals of the public in receiving disaster information?

 

  1. They want explicit instruction on what to do when disaster strikes
  2. They want quantitative summaries of expert knowledge
  3. They want to learn how a risk is created and how it can be controlled

*d. All of the above

 

  1. Teaching people what materials they should stockpile, and how to designate safe meeting places, are examples of public education that addresses which of the following?

 

  1. Pre-disaster risk reduction (mitigation) behavior
  2. Post-disaster response behavior

*c. Pre-disaster preparedness behavior

  1. Post-disaster recovery behavior

 

  1. Dennis Mileti described several characteristics that must be considered when creating public education messages. Which of the following is not among his list of factors?

 

*a. Cost

  1. Clarity
  2. Speed of presentation
  3. Repetition

 

  1. How do awareness messages differ from warning messages?

*a. They instruct recipients to take immediate action.

  1. They are effective at reducing risk.
  2. They are difficult to perform effectively.
  3. They must be tailored to accommodate the various ways the public receives their information.

 

  1. Which of the following is generally considered the most severe type of hazard message?

 

*a. Warning

  1. Advisory
  2. Watch
  3. Statement

 

  1. Which of the following is most likely to result in an adjustment of the assumptions that disaster managers include in the EOP?

 

  1. Training
  2. Public education

*c. Exercises

  1. Equipment

 

  1. Which of the following might be included in the administration and logistics section of the EOP?

 

  1. Emergency manager responsibilities
  2. Public information

*c. Reporting

  1. Traffic control

 

  1. The primary difference between social marketing and business marketing is which of the following?

 

  1. Methods
  2. Costs

*c. Content and objectives

  1. None of the above

 

  1. People of almost all nations have come to expect that their government will intervene and come to their aid in times of disaster.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. The number of international disaster response plans is increasing.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. The best way to plan for disasters is to have a separate EOP for every hazard known or expected to affect a country or community.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. The concept of operations section of the EOP base plan explains how the planned disaster response will play out.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. An emergency operations plan must have a statutory authority upon which its operations are based.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. The media play a significant role in disaster and emergency management, both before and after disasters occur.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Drills normally provide practice for only one operation or function of disaster response.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Hazard awareness programs are more effective if they assume a homogeneous public.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. A table-top exercise involves an environment of lower stress than a functional exercise.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Studies have found that the public tends to act irrationally and ineffectively in the face of disaster.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. One of the goals of public education is to raise awareness about certain hazards.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Effective public education normally involves no more effort than simply telling citizens what is causing them to be at risk.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Preparedness of businesses and individuals is primarily defined through the creation and application of an emergency operations plan (EOP).

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Once informed with an idea of how their actions can affect their risk levels, people are more likely to take actions to improve their chances of avoiding disaster in the future.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. According to risk communicators Singer and Endreny, the spatial extent of a hazard is not an important factor when formulating risk messages.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Hazard awareness programs are more effective if they rely on a single source that transmits a single message through a single outlet.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Special populations must be approached in a manner that addresses their particular method of perception and learning.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. Warning systems and messages must be designed to reach the full range of possible recipients no matter where they are or what time it is.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. The media tend to overstate commonly occurring hazards, and understate the least likely hazards.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

  1. Average citizens are more worried about their day-to-day concerns than with catastrophic hazards.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

  1. One of the important functions of an EOP is to introduce the individuals and agencies involved in response to each other.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

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