Holes Human Anatomy and Physiology 14th Edition – Test Bank

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Chapter 05

Tissues

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Which of the following is not one of the four basic types of body tissues?
    A.Epithelial tissue
    B. Connective tissue
    C. Eye tissue
    D. Muscle tissue

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 List the four major tissue types in the body.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. Which of the following characteristics is used to name tissue types?
    A.Location of cells in the body
    B. Number of inclusions
    C. Organization of cells
    D. Number of mitochondria

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

  1. Histology is the study of
    A.organ function.
    B. molecules.
    C. cells.
    D. tissues.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 List the four major tissue types in the body.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. The type of intercellular junction that functions as a rivet or “spot weld” is a(n)
    A.desmosome.
    B. gap junction.
    C. tight junction.
    D. ion channel.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. The type of intercellular junction that forms tubular channels is
    A.a desmosome.
    B. a gap junction.
    C. a tight junction.
    D. found in the blood-brain barrier.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

  1. The type of intercellular junction that consists of fused membranes is a(an)
    A.desmosome.
    B. gap junction.
    C. tight junction.
    D. ion channel.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. Intercellular junctions connect
    A.cell membranes.
    B. cell nuclei.
    C. blood cells.
    D. microtubules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. A basement membrane anchors
    A.muscle tissue to nervous tissue.
    B. epithelial tissue to connective tissue.
    C. connective tissue to muscle tissue.
    D. brain tissue to nervous tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

 

  1. Epithelial tissue functions in
    A.secretion, absorption, and protection.
    B. contraction, movement, and reflexes.
    C. reacting to stimuli, thinking, and remembering.
    D. nourishing and hydrating tissues.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. The tissue through which gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is
    A.stratified squamous epithelium.
    B. simple squamous epithelium.
    C. simple cuboidal epithelium.
    D. simple columnar epithelium.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passages is
    A.mucus-secreting and transitional.
    B. stratified, sputum-secreting, and non-ciliated.
    C. mucus-secreting, ciliated, and pseudostratified.
    D. serous fluid-secreting, simple, and columnar.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

 

  1. The type of epithelium that lines the urinary bladder and many of the urinary passageways is
    A.cuboidal.
    B. transitional.
    C. pseudostratified.
    D. columnar.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

The merocrine, apocrine, and holocrine secretions differ in the

  1. locations of the glands that produce them.
    B. number of cells that secrete.
    C. amount of cytoplasm secreted along with the glandular product.
    D. amount of glycoprotein secreted with the glandular product.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Explain how glands are classified.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

 

  1. A carcinoma is a cancer originating from
    A.epithelium.
    B. connective tissue.
    C. muscle tissue.
    D. nerve tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D08.01 Describe how injuries affect epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. About 90% of all cancers originate from
    A.epithelium.
    B. connective tissue.
    C. muscle tissue.
    D. nervous tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. Which type of tissue lines the follicles of the thyroid glands?
    A.Simple squamous epithelium
    B. Simple cuboidal epithelium
    C. Stratified cuboidal epithelium
    D. Glandular epithelium

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Name the types of epithelium and identify an organ in which each is found.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

 

  1. The type of epithelium that secretes into ducts that open onto surfaces like skin or into body fluids is
    A.simple squamous epithelium.
    B. transitional epithelium.
    C. stratified cuboidal epithelium.
    D. glandular epithelium.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. A (An) ______ gland does not branch before reaching the glandular cells or secretory part.
    A.simple
    B. compound
    C. tubular
    D. alveolar

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Explain how glands are classified.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

  1. A (An) _______ gland branches repeatedly before reaching the glandular cells or secretory part.
    A.simple
    B. compound
    C. tubular
    D. alveolar

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Explain how glands are classified.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

 

  1. Areolar tissue contains
    A.many adipocytes filled with fat.
    B. collagenous fibers, elastic fibers, and gel-like ground substance.
    C. chondrocytes and lacunae.
    D. osteocytes, osteoblasts, and canaliculi.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of
    A.dense irregular tissue.
    B. reticular connective tissue.
    C. muscle tissue.
    D. dense regular connective tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the general characteristics of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Cartilage tissues are likely to be slow in healing following an injury because
    A.chondrocytes cannot divide.
    B. chondrocytes do not have direct blood supplies.
    C. the intercellular material is semisolid.
    D. cartilage cells are immersed in fluids.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the general characteristics of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. Bone cells form concentric circles around longitudinal tubes called
    A.osteons.
    B. central canals.
    C. lacunae.
    D. canaliculi.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Which of the following are cellular fragments?
    A.Red blood cells
    B. White blood cells
    C. Lymphocytes
    D. Blood platelets

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

_______ produce connective tissue fibers.

rev: 02_22_2014_QC_45258

  1. Macrophages
    B. Mast cells
    C. Fibroblasts
    D.

osteoclasts

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Collagen is a major component of
    A.bone.
    B. ligaments and tendons.
    C. connective tissue.
    D. all of the above.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. Elastic connective tissue forms
    A.bones.
    B. branching networks or parallel strands.
    C. cartilage.
    D. ligaments and tendons.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. A general characteristic of connective tissue is that it
    A.consists of cells with much extracellular material.
    B. has no blood supply.
    C. covers the outside of organs.
    D. lines organs.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the general characteristics of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Adipose tissue is a form of
    A.epithelium.
    B. muscle.
    C. nervous tissue.
    D. connective tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. Cells that reside in a specific connective tissue type for an extended period of time are called
    A.wandering cells.
    B. transitional cells.
    C. fixed cells.
    D. stem cells.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Bone tissue contains abundant
    A.fibronectin.
    B. laminin.
    C. fibrocartilage.
    D. collagen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Extracellular matrix consists of
    A.ground substance and protein fibers.
    B. fixed cells and wandering cells.
    C. heparin and keratin.
    D. lacunae and lamellae.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. Of the four major types of membranes, the one consisting of dense connective tissue overlying loose connective tissue is
    A.serous membrane.
    B. synovial membrane.
    C. mucous membrane.
    D. cutaneous membrane.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. Epithelial membranes are typically composed of
    A.connective tissue and underlying muscle tissue.
    B. epithelium and underlying connective tissue.
    C. connective tissue and underlying epithelium.
    D. epithelium and underlying muscle tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. A _______ membrane lines tubes and cavities that open to the outside of the body.
    A.serous
    B. cutaneous
    C. synovial
    D. mucous

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

 

  1. A serous membrane consists of a
    A.layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thin layer of areolar tissue.
    B. layer of pseudostratified epithelium and a thick layer of areolar tissue.
    C. layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thick layer of dense connective tissue.
    D. layer of simple squamous epithelium and a thick layer of cartilage.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. “Cutaneous membrane” refers to
    A.skin.
    B. bones.
    C. cartilage.
    D. mucus.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. Embryonic stem cells growing in a lab dish are bathed in a “cocktail” of chemicals that cause them to specialize into branching networks of single-nucleated cells that pulsate in unison. This tissue is most likely
    A.smooth muscle.
    B. skeletal muscle.
    C. cardiac muscle.
    D. epithelial tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D04.03 Identify the different types of muscle tissue using proper microscope technique.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

 

  1. There are __ types of muscle cells.
    A.2
    B. 3
    C. 4
    D. 5

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Involuntary muscle tissues are
    A.smooth muscle tissue and skeletal muscle tissue.
    B. cardiac muscle tissue and skeletal muscle tissue.
    C. smooth muscle tissue and cardiac muscle tissue.
    D. smooth muscle tissue, skeletal muscle tissue, and cardiac muscle tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Muscle cells with more than one nucleus are
    A.smooth muscle cells and skeletal muscle cells.
    B. cardiac muscle cells and smooth muscle cells.
    C. skeletal muscle cells only.
    D. smooth muscle cells only.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

 

  1. The muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is
    A.smooth muscle tissue.
    B. skeletal muscle tissue.
    C. intestinal muscle tissue.
    D. cardiac muscle tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Cardiac muscle is found in the wall of the
    A.stomach.
    B. intestine.
    C. heart.
    D. blood vessels.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

 

  1. Smooth muscle is found in the wall of the
    A.stomach.
    B. intestine.
    C. stomach and intestine.
    D. kidney and liver.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. The type of muscle tissue in blood vessels is
    A.cardiac muscle tissue.
    B. smooth muscle tissue.
    C. skeletal muscle tissue.
    D. voluntary muscle tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Neurons can send messages to
    A.only other neurons.
    B. only other neurons and neuroglia.
    C. other neurons, glands, and muscles.
    D. other neurons and skeletal muscle only.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

 

  1. Functions of neuroglia include which of the following?
    A.They guide neurons to muscles, then pass neurotransmitters to the muscle cells.
    B. They serve as glue and scaffolding for neurons but have no physiological role.
    C. They sense changes in the environment and respond by sending electrical impulses.
    D. They support and bind nervous tissue and provide nutrients and growth factors to neurons by connecting them to blood vessels.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

  1. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nervous tissue?
    A.It is found in the brain and spinal cord.
    B. Some of its cells send electrochemical messages.
    C. Its intercellular space is filled with collagen.
    D. Its cells sense changes in their surroundings.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

  1. The basis of using proteomics to describe tissues is that
    A.different cell types produce different sets of tRNAs.
    B. different cell types produce different sets of mRNAs.
    C. all cells produce the same amounts of the same proteins.
    D. the genetic code is universal.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Boxed Reading: Vignette
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

  1. The blood-brain barrier consists of
    A.capillaries whose cells are firmly attached by overlapping tight junctions surrounded by astrocytes.
    B. a sheet of muscle tissue that separates the brain from the skull.
    C. aligned blood cells.
    D. capillaries joined by desmosomes that are closer together than they are elsewhere.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 5.1
HAPS Objective: D05.01 Describe locations in the body where nervous tissue can be found.
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

  1. The antihistamine Benadryl has a sedative effect, but the antihistamine Zyrtec does not, because
    A.Benadryl is taken as a liquid and Zyrtec as a pill.
    B. Benadryl costs more than Zyrtec.
    C. Zyrtec crosses the blood-brain barrier but Benadryl does not.
    D. Benadryl crosses the blood-brain barrier but Zyrtec does not.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 5.1
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

 

  1. Which of the following is not true about the extracellular matrix?
    A.It is the same in all tissues.
    B. In epithelium it consists of a basement membrane and interstitial matrix.
    C. In many body parts it includes various glycoproteins.
    D. It may include integrins.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 5.1
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. Mutations usually disrupt collagen’s function because
    A.there are many types of collagen and this protein is widespread in the body.
    B. collagen has a variable structure.
    C. collagen has a very precise structure.
    D. collagen is used as a cosmetic.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 5.2
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the general characteristics of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. An engineered tissue might include
    A.stem cells.
    B. progenitor cells.
    C. a scaffold built of synthetic materials.
    D. all of the above.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 5.2
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 List the four major tissue types in the body.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Tissues are groups of cells that have a common overall function, yet are distinctive in their characteristic cell types and the molecules that the cells produce.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. The wall of the heart is made up of three layers, including the middle layer responsible for the heart’s pumping action. These layers are all the same tissue type, epithelium.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 List the four major tissue types in the body.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. All tissue types are tightly packed, built of cells attached by intercellular junctions.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 List the four major tissue types in the body.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

  1. Intercellular junctions include gap junctions, tight junctions, and desmosomes.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. Histology is the study of the history of anatomy and physiology.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. Usually epithelial tissues do not have blood vessels.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. A mucus-secreting goblet cell is a unicellular gland.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Explain how glands are classified.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine)

 

  1. The tissue that forms the outermost layer of the skin is a type of connective tissue.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. The soft part of the nose and the supporting rings of the respiratory passages are composed of fibrocartilage.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. White blood cells may become macrophages.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. Osteocytes release histamine and heparin.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Osteoblasts become osteocytes.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Bone cells (osteocytes) are in concentric circles around osteonic canals.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Objective: D03.04 Compare and contrast the roles of individual cell types and fiber types within connective tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. Blood is composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets suspended in a fluid extracellular matrix called plasma.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Serous membranes and mucous membranes consist of epithelium and connective tissue.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. Skin is a mucous membrane.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. A synovial membrane is entirely connective tissue.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

 

  1. Smooth muscle tissue actions are voluntary.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Skeletal muscle lines hollow organs.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Cardiac muscle can function without nervous stimulation but skeletal muscle cannot.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

 

  1. A skeletal muscle fiber contains many nuclei.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Muscle tissue conducts electrical impulses from one neuron to another and coordinates body activities.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Objective: D04.02 Describe functions of each type of muscle tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. A neuron is a type of neuroglia.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

 

Fill in the Blank Questions
 

  1. ______ _______ join cells, forming tissues.
    intercellular junctions

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. A structure that “spot welds” skin cells is a __________.
    desmosome

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Identify the intercellular junctions in tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. The study of tissues is called ___________.
    histology

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.01 Define the term histology.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

  1. The four tissue types are muscle tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue, and ________.
    epithelial tissue

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D01 Overview of histology and tissue types.
Learning Outcome: 05.01 Describe how cells are organized into tissues.
Section: 05.01
Topic: Overview of histology and tissue types

 

  1. The tissue that covers all body surfaces is _____.
    epithelium

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D01.02 List the four major tissue types.
HAPS Objective: D01.03 Contrast the general features of the four major tissue types.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. A single layer of flattened epithelium forms a tissue called ______ ______ _____.
    simple squamous epithelium

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D02.03 Describe the functions of each type of epithelial tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. The inner linings of most organs of the digestive system are composed of ______ ______ _____.
    simple columnar epithelium

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D02.01 Classify the different types of epithelial tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D02.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of epithelial tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

 

  1. Glands that release entire cells filled with secretory products are called ______ glands.
    holocrine

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D07.02 Identify example locations in the body of exocrine and endocrine glands.
HAPS Objective: D07.03 Classify the different kinds of exocrine glands based on structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module D02 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of epithelial tissue.
HAPS Topic: Module D07 Glands (exocrine vs. endocrine).
Learning Outcome: 05.02 Explain how glands are classified.
Section: 05.02
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of epithelial tissue

  1. The most abundant cells in dense connective tissue are _______________.
    fibroblasts

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. Cartilage cells occupy small chambers called ___________.
    lacunae

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. The intervertebral discs that separate parts of the backbone are composed of __________.
    fibrocartilage

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D03.03 Describe functions of each type of connective tissue in the human body and correlate function with structure for each tissue type.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

 

  1. The ______ ______ ______ are the only blood cells that function entirely in blood vessels.
    red blood cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D03.01 Classify the different types of connective tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics.
HAPS Objective: D03.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of connective tissue can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D03 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of connective tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.03 Compare and contrast the components, cells, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue.
Section: 05.03
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of connective tissue

  1. The inner lining of the abdomen is a _______ membrane.
    serous

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. The lining of the nose consists of _______ membrane.
    mucous

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Objective: D06.02 Describe locations in the body where each type of membrane can be found.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

  1. Cutaneous membrane is synonymous with ______.
    skin

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D06.01 Describe the structure and function of mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial membranes.
HAPS Topic: Module D06 Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous and synovial).
Learning Outcome: 05.04 Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes.
Section: 05.04
Topic: Membranes (mucous, serous, cutaneous, and synovial)

 

  1. Cells of muscle tissue are called ______ _______.
    muscle fibers

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Striations but not intercalated discs are seen in _____________ muscle tissue.
    skeletal

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Muscle tissue that is involuntary and has striations is found in ___________ muscle.
    cardiac

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. The primary characteristic of muscle tissues is their ability to _____.
    contract

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

 

  1. The band between cardiac muscle cells is called a(n) ______ _____.
    intercalated disc

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D04.01 Classify the different types of muscle tissues based on distinguishing structural characteristics and location in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module D04 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of muscular tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.05 Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue.
Section: 05.05
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of muscular tissue

  1. Cells that support neurons are _________.
    neuroglia

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

  1. The cells that respond to environmental stimuli are ________.
    neurons

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

  1. Neuron axons transmit electrical impulses to _______, ______, and ________.
    other neurons; muscles; glands

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: D05.02 Describe the structure and function of neurons and neuroglial cells in nervous tissue and correlate function with structure for the different types of neuroglial cells.
HAPS Topic: Module D05 Microscopic anatomy, location, and functional roles of nervous tissue.
Learning Outcome: 05.06 Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
Section: 05.06
Topic: Microscopic anatomy, location, and function of nervous tissue

 

 

 

Chapter 16

Lymphatic System and Immunity

 

 

Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Disease-causing agents are called
    A.bugs.
    B. germs.
    C. pathogens.
    D. antibodies.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L04.02 Define immunity and the immune system.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

  1. Fluid is kept from accumulating in tissue spaces by
    A.sweating.
    B. breathing.
    C. the urinary system.
    D. the lymphatic system.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L01.01 Describe the major functions of the lymphatic system.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

 

  1. The structure of a lymphatic vessel is most similar to that of a(n)
    A.artery.
    B. arteriole.
    C. vein.
    D. capillary.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L02.02 Compare and contrast lymphatic vessels and blood vessels in terms of structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, trunks, and ducts

  1. The two collecting ducts that drain the lymphatic trunks are the
    A.thoracic duct and right lymphatic duct.
    B. lumbar duct and left lymphatic duct.
    C. intestinal duct and left intercostal duct.
    D. bronchomediastinal duct and subclavian duct.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L02.03 Describe the path of lymph circulation.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Identify and describe the parts of the major lymphatic pathways.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, trunks, and ducts

  1. Foreign particles that are injected into the skin enter the lymphatic system
    A.rapidly.
    B. slowly.
    C. not at all, because lymphatic valves prevent this.
    D. not at all, because the skin lacks lymphatic capillaries.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L01.01 Describe the major functions of the lymphatic system.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

 

  1. After lymph leaves the collecting ducts, it enters _____ and becomes part of the ______.
    A.arteries; serum
    B. capillaries; blood supply
    C. veins; plasma
    D. lymph nodes; lymphatic trunks

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L02.03 Describe the path of lymph circulation.
HAPS Objective: L02.04 Describe the mechanisms of lymph formation and circulation.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Identify and describe the parts of the major lymphatic pathways.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Describe how tissue fluid and lymph form, and explain the function of lymph.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Explain how lymphatic circulation is maintained, and describe the consequence of lymphatic obstruction.
Section: 16.01
Section: 16.02
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, trunks, and ducts
Topic: Pathways of lymphatic drainage

  1. The formation of lymph increases as a result of
    A.increasing osmotic pressure in blood capillaries.
    B. increasing hydrostatic pressure in tissue fluid.
    C. decreasing volume of tissue fluid.
    D. decreasing protein concentration in tissue fluid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L02.04 Describe the mechanisms of lymph formation and circulation.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Describe how tissue fluid and lymph form, and explain the function of lymph.
Section: 16.02
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, trunks, and ducts
Topic: Pathways of lymphatic drainage

  1. Lymph differs from plasma in that
    A.lymph has more protein than plasma.
    B. plasma has more protein than lymph.
    C. lymph is colorless and plasma is red.
    D. lymph is thin and plasma is viscous.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L02.01 Compare and contrast whole blood, plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

 

  1. The primary functions of lymph include
    A.returning proteins to the tissue fluid.
    B. transporting foreign particles to the kidneys.
    C. returning proteins to the bloodstream and transporting foreign particles to the lymph nodes.
    D. carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L01.01 Describe the major functions of the lymphatic system.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

  1. The functions of the lymphatic system do not include
    A.returning interstitial fluid to the bloodstream.
    B. protecting the body against infection.
    C. transporting hormones to intestinal smooth muscle.
    D. transporting the products of lipid digestion from the intestine to the liver.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L01.01 Describe the major functions of the lymphatic system.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

  1. Tissue fluid is ______ and lymph is ______.
    A.forced out of lymph vessels; absorbed into lymph vessels
    B. forced out of blood plasma; absorbed into blood capillaries
    C. rich in proteins; rich in proteins and foreign particles
    D. forced out of blood plasma and generally lacking in proteins; absorbed into lymph capillaries

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L02.01 Compare and contrast whole blood, plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph.
HAPS Topic: Module L01 General functions of the lymphatic system.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Describe how tissue fluid and lymph form, and explain the function of lymph.
Section: 16.02
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

 

  1. Stephanie has her cancerous right breast removed, and the surgeon also removes lymph nodes in the axillary region, to prevent spread of the cancer. As a result, Stephanie’s right arm
    A.loses its blood supply.
    B. receives too much blood and swells.
    C. becomes edematous.
    D. loses tissue fluid.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

  1. The region of a lymph node through which blood vessels and nerves pass is called the
    A.sinus.
    B. capsule.
    C. nodule.
    D. hilum.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

  1. The lymph nodes of the axillary region receive lymph mainly from the
    A.scalp and face.
    B. upper limb and mammary gland.
    C. thoracic viscera.
    D. abdominal viscera.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Identify the locations of the major chains of lymph nodes.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs
Topic: Pathways of lymphatic drainage

  1. Lymph nodes are grouped throughout the body except in the
    A.lungs.
    B. central nervous system.
    C. mesentery.
    D. inguinal connective tissue.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Identify the locations of the major chains of lymph nodes.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

  1. The supratrochlear lymph nodes are located near the
    A.hand.
    B. wrist.
    C. elbow.
    D. axillary region.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Identify the locations of the major chains of lymph nodes.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs
Topic: Pathways of lymphatic drainage

  1. A lymph node consists of
    A.compartments that contain masses of lymphocytes and macrophages.
    B. afferent vessels circulating lymph into the node on its convex surface.
    C. lymph nodules.
    D. all of the above.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

  1. Cells in a lymph node that engulf and destroy damaged cells, foreign substances, and cellular debris are
    A.macrophages.
    B. lymphocytes.
    C. mast cells.
    D. cytokines.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

  1. Henry has a cut on his thigh that becomes infected. The lymph nodes in his __________ enlarge.
    A.cervical region
    B. thoracic region
    C. inguinal region
    D. supratrochlear region

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L12.01 Predict factors or situations affecting the lymphatic and immune systems that could disrupt homeostasis.
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Identify the locations of the major chains of lymph nodes.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

  1. The spleen
    A.is the largest lymphatic organ.
    B. contains nodules similar to lymphatic nodules.
    C. contains many phagocytes.
    D. all of the above.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02d Describe the function of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Discuss the locations and functions of the thymus and spleen.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

  1. The spleen
    A.consists of two lobes in the mediastinum.
    B. resembles a large lymph node divided into lobules.
    C. produces T lymphocytes.
    D. produces B lymphocytes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Discuss the locations and functions of the thymus and spleen.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

  1. T lymphocytes mature in the thymus in response to
    A.cytokines.
    B. antibodies.
    C. interferon.
    D. thymosins.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L08.02b In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the sites where the cells originate and achieve their immunocompetence, and the primary location of the immunocompetent cells in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. The tissues of the spleen are called
    A.red and white pulp.
    B. black and blue pulp.
    C. tonsils and Peyer’s patches.
    D. cellular and fibrous.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Discuss the locations and functions of the thymus and spleen.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

  1. Innate defenses are
    A.

fast and nonspecific.

slow and nonspecific.

  1. fast and specific.
    D.slow and specific.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L04.01 Compare and contrast innate (nonspecific) defenses with adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. A virus differs from other pathogens in that it is
    A.larger.
    B. more dangerous.
    C. not capable of reproduction outside a living cell.
    D. multicellular.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L07.01 Define antigen and antigen receptor.
HAPS Topic: Module L07 Antigens and antigen processing.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. Inflammation is a response to
    A.ultraviolet light.
    B. infection.
    C. chemical exposure.
    D. all of the above.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.07d Explain why inflammation can be beneficial.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. The mononuclear phagocytic system includes
    A.T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes.
    B. monocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils.
    C. basophils, neutrophils, and eosinophils.
    D. mast cells and megakaryocytes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.03 Describe the steps involved in phagocytosis and provide examples of important phagocytic cells in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. Interferon is a group of hormonelike peptides that cells produce in response to
    A.chemical irritants.
    B. viruses.
    C. bacteria.
    D. fungi.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.05 Explain how complement and interferon function as antimicrobial chemicals.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

 

  1. The most active phagocytic cells in circulating blood are
    A.neutrophils and monocytes.
    B. neutrophils and macrophages.
    C. monocytes and macrophages.
    D. lymphocytes and monocytes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.03 Describe the steps involved in phagocytosis and provide examples of important phagocytic cells in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. Interleukin-1 secretion causes
    A.an allergic response.
    B. an antibody response.
    C. a fever.
    D. cytokine secretion.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.08a Describe the mechanism of fever and the role of pyrogens.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

 

  1. Marsha gets a splinter in her finger. What is her body’s response to any microbe that might try to enter her body as a result of the splinter breaking the skin?
    A.

Innate defense

Adaptive defense

Specific defense

Cytotoxic T cell response

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: L05.01 Name the surface membrane barriers and describe their physical, chemical, and microbiological mechanisms of defense.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. Which of the following is not a mechanical barrier against microorganisms?
    A.Saliva
    B. Urine
    C. Tears
    D. Diarrhea

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.01 Name the surface membrane barriers and describe their physical, chemical, and microbiological mechanisms of defense.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

 

  1. _________ initiate(s) a cascade effect in response to foreign proteins in the body.
    A.Antibodies
    B. Interferon
    C. The complement system
    D. Natural killer cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L05.05 Explain how complement and interferon function as antimicrobial chemicals.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. Low-grade fever is an effective defense for short periods of time because it
    A.increases iron in the blood.
    B. includes pyrogens that destroy the pathogens.
    C. increases temperature, which slows the growth of bacteria.
    D. slows the attack of phagocytes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L05.08b Explain why fever can be beneficial.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. An immune response that is slower but more specific for the pathogen is the
    A.innate defense.
    B. adaptive defense.
    C. nonspecific defense.
    D. inborn defense.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L06.01 Distinguish between humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity

 

  1. A transplant recipient’s body rejects a transplanted organ because her ______ does not match that of the donor closely enough.
    A.major histocompatibility complex
    B. mononuclear phagocytic system
    C. cytokine profile
    D. antibody response

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
HAPS Objective: L07.03a Define major histocompatibility complex (MHC).
HAPS Objective: L07.03c Explain the function of class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in adaptive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L06 Overview of adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity

  1. Which of the following is part of the adaptive immune response?
    A.Phagocytosis
    B. Inflammation
    C. Production of antibodies
    D. Synthesis of defensins

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L06.01 Distinguish between humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity

  1. Drugs used to reduce the tissue rejection reaction following the transplantation of tissue from one person to another
    A.stimulate the formation of antibodies by the recipient’s cells.
    B. reduce the recipient’s immune response.
    C. reduce the differences between donor proteins and recipient proteins.
    D. reduce the chance of infection in the recipient.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L07.03c Explain the function of class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in adaptive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

  1. The cells that are primarily responsible for immunity are
    A.lymphocytes and macrophages.
    B. neutrophils and lymphocytes.
    C. monocytes and macrophages.
    D. lymphocytes and monocytes.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L06.01 Distinguish between humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. A transplant recipient may be able to eventually discontinue immunosuppressant drugs if
    A.

the recipient receives bone marrow stem cells from the donor.

the donor and recipient are both under age 30.

the transplanted organ is not vital.

The recipient receives a well-matched transplant from the donor.

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L07.03c Explain the function of class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in adaptive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity

 

  1. T lymphocytes are responsible for
    A.programming macrophages.
    B. producing antibodies.
    C. cell-mediated immunity.
    D. humoral immunity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L08.01 Distinguish among the various types of lymphocytes, including helper T cells, cytotoxic T cells, regulatory (or suppressor) T cells, B cells, plasma cells, and memory cells.
HAPS Objective: L08.02c In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the mechanisms of antigen challenge and the clonal selection processes, including effector cells, helper cells, memory cells, and important cytokines.
HAPS Objective: L08.02d In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the defense mechanisms and functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. The most abundant type of immunoglobulin is
    A.IgA.
    B. IgD.
    C. IgE.
    D. IgG.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.03 List the five classes of antibodies and discuss structural and functional features that distinguish each class.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. The type of resistance that is acquired as a result of developing a disease is
    A.naturally acquired active immunity.
    B. artificially acquired active immunity.
    C. artificially acquired passive immunity.
    D. naturally acquired passive immunity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L10.02 Describe natural and artificial examples of both active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology

 

  1. Which of the following are cytokines?
    A.Antibodies and antigens
    B.

Colony-stimulating factors, interferons, interleukins, tumor necrosis factor

  1. Autoantibodies and immunosuppressants
    D.Histamine and leukotrienes

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L06.01 Distinguish between humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L06 Overview of adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Antigens and antigen processing

  1. The antibodies produced in allergic reactions
    A.are called allergens.
    B. are secreted by mast cells.
    C. belong to the immunoglobulin E group.
    D. belong to the immunoglobulin G group.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.03 List the five classes of antibodies and discuss structural and functional features that distinguish each class.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. Following a primary immune response, the cells that give rise to memory cells are
    A.B cells only.
    B. T cells only.
    C. both B cells and T cells.
    D. neither B cells nor T cells.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L08.02d In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the defense mechanisms and functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. Cytotoxic T cells destroy
    A.cytotoxic cells.
    B. T cells.
    C. all antigen-bearing cells.
    D. cancer cells and virus-containing cells.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L08.01 Distinguish among the various types of lymphocytes, including helper T cells, cytotoxic T cells, regulatory (or suppressor) T cells, B cells, plasma cells, and memory cells.
HAPS Objective: L08.02c In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the mechanisms of antigen challenge and the clonal selection processes, including effector cells, helper cells, memory cells, and important cytokines.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. Cytotoxic T cells destroy their target cells by releasing perforin, which cuts holes in
    A.cell membranes.
    B. lysosomes.
    C. ribosomes.
    D. DNA molecules.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L08.02d In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the defense mechanisms and functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. A newborn is protected against certain digestive and respiratory infections thanks to IgA from the mother’s
    A.milk.
    B. blood.
    C. intestine.
    D. placenta.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.03 List the five classes of antibodies and discuss structural and functional features that distinguish each class.
HAPS Objective: L10.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. Injections of gamma globulin are sometimes given to provide
    A.naturally acquired active immunity.
    B. artificially acquired active immunity.
    C. artificially acquired passive immunity.
    D. naturally acquired passive immunity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L10.02 Describe natural and artificial examples of both active and passive immunity.
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. In an autoimmune disease, the immune response is directed toward
    A.foreign cells.
    B. cells of the body (“self”).
    C. all antigens.
    D. all antibodies.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L08.02a Define immunocompetence and self tolerance and distinguish between naive and activated immune cells in B cells and T cells.
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Topic: Module L06 Overview of adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

  1. Which of the following is an autoimmune disease?
    A.Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    B. Multiple sclerosis
    C. Type 1 diabetes mellitus
    D. All of the above

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L08.02a Define immunocompetence and self tolerance and distinguish between naive and activated immune cells in B cells and T cells.
HAPS Topic: Module L06 Overview of adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

  1. An antigen is ______, whereas an antibody is ______.
    A.a foreign substance such as a protein or a polysaccharide to which lymphocytes respond; a globular protein that reacts with an antigen to eliminate the antigen
    B. an immunoglobulin that is produced by lymph nodes in response to bacteria; a foreign protein that enters the body and causes an immune reaction
    C. a hapten molecule that is complex in shape; an enzyme produced by the thymus gland that neutralizes antigens
    D. only on a pathogen; only in a human body

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L07.01 Define antigen and antigen receptor.
HAPS Objective: L07.02 Distinguish among complete antigens, haptens, antigenic determinants and self- antigens.
HAPS Objective: L09.02 Describe mechanisms of antibody action and correlate mechanisms with effector functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L07 Antigens and antigen processing.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity
Topic: Antigens and antigen processing

  1. Complement proteins, which are activated when IgG or IgM antibodies bind antigen,
    A.stimulate chemotaxis, in which neutrophils and macrophages are repelled from the affected area.
    B. cause opsonization, which coats the antibody-antigen complexes in a way that attracts phagocytes.
    C. cause lysis of the T cells.
    D. stimulate cytokine release.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L05.05 Explain how complement and interferon function as antimicrobial chemicals.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

 

  1. Plasma cells
    A.increase the volume of the blood plasma.
    B. produce antibody molecules.
    C. directly attack antigens.
    D. produce interferon.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.02 Describe mechanisms of antibody action and correlate mechanisms with effector functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L06 Overview of adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. A primary immune response ______, and a secondary immune response ______.
    A.is very important; is less important to the body’s ability to protect itself
    B. produces antibodies within five to ten days of exposure to antigens; produces antibodies within a day or two of a subsequent exposure to the same antigen
    C. is very rapid in producing antibodies after exposure to antigens; is very slow in producing antibodies after exposure to antigens
    D. occurs only in children; occurs only in adults

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L09.04 Interpret a graph of the primary and secondary immune response, in terms of the relative concentrations of different classes of antibodies produced over time.
HAPS Objective: L10.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L06 Overview of adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between primary and secondary immune responses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

In the cellular immune response,

  1. B cells produce antibodies directly against antigens.
    B. T cells produce antibodies directly against antigens.
    C. T cells attach directly to antigens and destroy them.
    D. T cells attack healthy body cells.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L08.02c In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the mechanisms of antigen challenge and the clonal selection processes, including effector cells, helper cells, memory cells, and important cytokines.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. A vaccine produces its effects by
    A.directly attacking the antigens and neutralizing them.
    B. chemotaxis, the attraction of antigens to areas where the vaccine can destroy them.
    C. stimulating a primary immune response.
    D. activating autoantibodies.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L09.04 Interpret a graph of the primary and secondary immune response, in terms of the relative concentrations of different classes of antibodies produced over time.
HAPS Objective: L10.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between primary and secondary immune responses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

B cells divide and differentiate into _________, which produce and secrete antibodies.

  1. T cells
    B. antibodies
    C. megakaryocytes
    D. plasma cells

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L08.02c In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the mechanisms of antigen challenge and the clonal selection processes, including effector cells, helper cells, memory cells, and important cytokines.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. The anti-Rh factor is an example of an
    A.IgG.
    B. IgM.
    C. IgE.
    D. IgA.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.03 List the five classes of antibodies and discuss structural and functional features that distinguish each class.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. Newborns can acquire __________ immunity through breast milk.
    A.specific
    B. passive
    C. active
    D. innate

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L10.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
HAPS Objective: L10.02 Describe natural and artificial examples of both active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. Heart valve cells can be damaged through
    A.specific immunity.
    B. innate immunity.
    C. autoimmunity.
    D. passive immunity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

A vaccine can halt an infection in a population in which most everyone is vaccinated, due to

  1. herd immunity.
    B. people keeping away from each other.
    C. an epidemic of autoimmunity.
    D. bovine immunity.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between primary and secondary immune responses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

  1. Aging of the lymphatic system begins
    A.before birth.
    B. at birth.
    C. shortly after birth.
    D. after age 50.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.05 Describe life-span changes in immunity.
Section: 16.05
Topic: Effects of aging on the lymphatic system

  1. Morris has lung cancer and is given the drug Avastin. His doctor says that the drug is a monoclonal antibody. This means that the drug consists of
    A.a cocktail of many types of antibodies.
    B. a cocktail of many types of antigens.
    C. a single type of antibody.
    D. a single type of antigen.

 

Bloom’s Level: 3. Apply
Boxed Reading: From Science to Technology 16.1
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

  1. Factors that contribute to the prevalence of peanut allergy in the U.S. include the fact that
    A.peanut antigens are in infant formula.
    B. peanuts lack allergens.
    C. peanut allergens are stopped and destroyed in the stomach, causing cramps.
    D. dry roasting activates the responsible allergens.

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
Boxed Reading: Vignette
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

  1. In HIV infection, reverse transcriptase
    A.makes DNA from viral RNA.
    B. makes RNA from viral DNA.
    C. makes protein from viral RNA.
    D. makes protein from viral DNA.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 16.1
HAPS Objective: L08.02c In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the mechanisms of antigen challenge and the clonal selection processes, including effector cells, helper cells, memory cells, and important cytokines.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. A vaccine against HIV
    A.is available for those who can afford it.
    B. may be impossible due to the variability and diversity of HIV.
    C. consists of cocktails of drugs taken daily.
    D. prevents opportunistic infections.

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 16.1
HAPS Objective: L08.02c In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the mechanisms of antigen challenge and the clonal selection processes, including effector cells, helper cells, memory cells, and important cytokines.
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. The order in which HIV breaches barriers and affects immunity is
    A.inhalation, entering the circulation, entering helper T cells.
    B. ingestion, entering the circulation, entering helper T cells.
    C.

crossing the mucosal barrier, then entering macrophages, then B cells, then natural killer cells.

crossing the mucosal barrier, then entering macrophages, then entering helper T cells, then cytotoxic T cells.

 

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 16.1
HAPS Objective: L08.01 Distinguish among the various types of lymphocytes, including helper T cells, cytotoxic T cells, regulatory (or suppressor) T cells, B cells, plasma cells, and memory cells.
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

 

True / False Questions

  1. Lymphatic capillaries are thin-walled, closed-ended tubes.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L02.02 Compare and contrast lymphatic vessels and blood vessels in terms of structure and function.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic capillaries, vessels, trunks, and ducts

  1. Muscle contraction moves lymph through lymphatic vessels.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L02.04 Describe the mechanisms of lymph formation and circulation.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Identify and describe the parts of the major lymphatic pathways.
Section: 16.01
Topic: Pathways of lymphatic drainage

  1. The thymus is in the mediastinum behind the sternum.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02c Describe the location in the body of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Discuss the locations and functions of the thymus and spleen.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

  1. The thymus enlarges after puberty.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L03.02b Identify and describe the microscopic anatomy of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Objective: L03.02d Describe the function of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Discuss the locations and functions of the thymus and spleen.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

  1. Older red blood cells may be destroyed in the spleen.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L03.02d Describe the function of the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Discuss the locations and functions of the thymus and spleen.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

  1. Innate defenses include mechanical and chemical barriers, whereas adaptive defenses counter specific disease-causing agents.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L04.01 Compare and contrast innate (nonspecific) defenses with adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Adaptive immunity
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

 

  1. Two mechanical barriers to infection are interferon and inflammation.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L04.01 Compare and contrast innate (nonspecific) defenses with adaptive (specific) defenses.
HAPS Objective: L05.01 Name the surface membrane barriers and describe their physical, chemical, and microbiological mechanisms of defense.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 List seven innate body defense mechanisms, and describe the action of each mechanism.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. Normal immune responses require T and B lymphocytes.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L08.02d In relation to B cells and T cells, compare and contrast the defense mechanisms and functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. Immunoglobulin A is abundant in endocrine gland secretions.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.03 List the five classes of antibodies and discuss structural and functional features that distinguish each class.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. During the primary immune response, B lymphocytes give rise to plasma cells.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L09.04 Interpret a graph of the primary and secondary immune response, in terms of the relative concentrations of different classes of antibodies produced over time.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between primary and secondary immune responses.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. As a result of the allergen-antibody reaction, mast cells release histamine.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.07a Describe the mechanisms of inflammation initiation with respect to the inflammatory response.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 List seven innate body defense mechanisms, and describe the action of each mechanism.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. An immunoglobulin molecule is an antigen secreted by T lymphocytes.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L09.02 Describe mechanisms of antibody action and correlate mechanisms with effector functions.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. In active immunity, a person becomes immune to a pathogen as a result of having a disease.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L10.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

  1. Autoimmune diseases are more common in older people.
    TRUE

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Section: 16.05
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Effects of aging on the lymphatic system

  1. Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that affects the skeletal muscles only.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

  1. An injection of synthetic antibodies imparts active immunity.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
HAPS Objective: L10.01 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L08 Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity.
HAPS Topic: Module L09 Antibodies and their role in adaptive immunity.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between active and passive immunity.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

 

  1. AIDS is caused by a virus that attacks complement enzymes.
    FALSE

 

Bloom’s Level: 2. Understand
Boxed Reading: Clinical Application 16.1
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how hypersensitivity reactions, tissue rejection reactions, and autoimmunity arise from immune mechanisms.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system
Topic: Lymphocytes and their role in adaptive immunity

 

Fill in the Blank Questions

  1. Disease-causing agents such as viruses and bacteria are called ______.
    pathogens

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L01.01 Describe the major functions of the lymphatic system.
HAPS Topic: Module L04 Introduction to innate (nonspecific) defenses and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.01 Describe the functions of the lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Distinguish between innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) defenses.
Section: 16.01
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antigens and antigen processing
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

  1. Lymph is ______ ______ that has entered a lymphatic capillary.
    tissue fluid

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L02.01 Compare and contrast whole blood, plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph.
HAPS Topic: Module L02 Lymph and lymphatic vessels.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Describe how tissue fluid and lymph form, and explain the function of lymph.
Section: 16.02
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph

 

  1. ______ is accumulation of tissue fluid in the interstitial spaces.
    Edema

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L12.02 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the lymphatic and immune systems could not maintain homeostasis.
HAPS Topic: Module L12 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Describe how tissue fluid and lymph form, and explain the function of lymph.
Learning Outcome: 16.02 Explain how lymphatic circulation is maintained, and describe the consequence of lymphatic obstruction.
Section: 16.02
Topic: General functions of the lymphatic system and lymph
Topic: Pathways of lymphatic drainage

  1. ______ are masses of partially encapsulated lymphatic nodules in the pharynx.
    Tonsils

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

  1. Lymph nodes are centers for the production of ______, which act against foreign particles carried in lymph.
    lymphocytes

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L03.02a Identify and describe the gross anatomical features the lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, tonsils and other aggregations of mucosae-associated lymphatic tissue (MALT).
HAPS Topic: Module L03 Lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs.
Learning Outcome: 16.03 Describe a lymph node and its major functions.
Section: 16.03
Topic: Anatomy of lymphatic cells, tissues, and organs

 

The foreign or “non-self” substances that trigger immune responses are called ______.

antigens

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L07.01 Define antigen and antigen receptor.
HAPS Topic: Module L07 Antigens and antigen processing.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Discuss the actions of the five types of antibodies.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Antigens and antigen processing

  1. Widely distributed phagocytic cells that remain fixed in position are part of the ________ ________ _______.
    mononuclear phagocytic system

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L05.03 Describe the steps involved in phagocytosis and provide examples of important phagocytic cells in the body.
HAPS Topic: Module L05 Innate (nonspecific) defenses.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 List seven innate body defense mechanisms, and describe the action of each mechanism.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Nonspecific immunity

  1. A substance that can stimulate a primary immune response but is unable to produce the symptoms of a disease is a(n) ______.
    vaccine

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology

 

  1. A population of lymphocytes whose members are all alike and are capable of responding to the same specific antigen is called a(n) _______.
    clone

 

Bloom’s Level: 1. Remember
HAPS Objective: L10.03 Provide examples of how applied immunology can be used to diagnose, treat and prevent.
HAPS Topic: Module L10 Applied immunology.
Learning Outcome: 16.04 Explain how two major types of lymphocytes are formed and activated and how they function in immune mechanisms.
Section: 16.04
Topic: Applied immunology
Topic: Clinical applications of the lymphatic system

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