Fundamentals of Human Physiology 1st Edition by Stuart Ira Fox – Test Bank

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5
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The brain and spinal cord develop from the embryonic neural tube.
True False
2. The forebrain develops into the telencephalon and the diencephalon.
True False
3. The midbrain forms the
A. Telencephalon
B. Mesencephalon
C. Myelencephalon
D. Diencephalon
4. Cerebrospinal fluid is found
A. Within the central canal
B. Within the ventricles
C. Within the olfactory bulbs
D. Both within the central canal and within the ventricles
5. Neural crest cells differentiate into
A. The telencephalon
B. The red nucleus
C. The basal nuclei
D. Spinal ganglia
6. Communication between the cerebrum and cerebellum is facilitated by the corpus callosum.
True False
7. Damage to the parietal lobe of the cerebrum would impair somatosensory interpretation.
True False
8. Visual inputs are interpreted at the level of the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex.
True False
9. Which of the following is the correct list of the lobes of the cerebrum?
A. Insula, temporal, parietal, pons, occipital
B. Temporal, frontal, insula, cerebellum, occipital
C. Frontal, parietal, temporal, insula, occipital
D. Cerebrum, midbrain, thalamus, pons, medulla oblongata
10. The ____________ is a cerebral lobe that is involved in memory and integration of sensory information
(mostly pain) with visceral responses.
A. Temporal
B. Frontal
C. Parietal
D. Insula
11. Damage to the temporal lobe of the cerebrum would limit
A. Voluntary skeletal muscle contraction
B. Integration of cerebral activities
C. Hearing
D. Vision
12. __________________ is a technique for visualizing brain region activity indirectly by detecting increases
in blood oxygen levels
A. Computed tomography
B. Electroencephalogram
C. Functional magnetic resonance imaging
D. Positron emission tomography
13. Brain metabolism may be best studied by
A. Electroencephalography
B. Computed tomography
C. Magnetic resonance imaging
D. Positron-emission tomography
14. Which type of sleep pattern may aid the consolidation of memory?
A. REM
B. NonREM
15. Chorea is most likely to result from
A. Damage to the caudate nucleus
B. Damage to the spinal ganglia
C. Damage to the occipital lobe
D. Damage to the hypothalamus
16. Impaired motor coordination in Parkinson’s disease is often due to
A. Degeneration of the red nucleus
B. Degeneration of the substantia nigra
C. Lack of regulation of the cerebral peduncles
D. Degeneration of the mesolimbic system
17. Writing skills would be impaired if the ___________ cerebral hemisphere atrophied.
A. Right
B. Left
18. Cerebral lateralization, in which the _____ cerebral hemisphere is specialized for language and analytical
ability and the right for visuospatial ability is true for 97% of all people.
A. Right
B. Left
19. Damage to the right motor cortex will generally mean motor problems on the right side of the body.
True False
20. Destruction of Wernicke’s area destroys language comprehension.
True False
21. Aphasias are most often associated with damage to ___________ and ___________ areas.
A. Wernicke’s and the angular gyrus
B. Fornix and Broca’s
C. Broca’s and Wernicke’s
D. The angular gyrus and septal nuclei
22. Ablation of the limbic system may result in an absence of fear.
True False
23. The hypothalamus and the limbic system are involved in
A. Aggression
B. Fear
C. Sex
D. All of these choices are correct
24. Long-term memory is most often associated with the amygdala.
True False
25. The ___________ lobe is involved in converting short-term memory to long-term memory.
A. Inferior temporal
B. Inferior lateral
C. Prefrontal
D. Medial temporal
26. The majority of sensory information is relayed to the cerebrum by the
A. Pons
B. Thalamus
C. Hypothalamus
D. Medulla oblongata
27. The ___________________ consists of the dorsal diencephalon and the pineal gland.
A. Epithalamus
B. Hypothalamus
C. Thalamus
D. Third ventricle
28. Except for the sense of ____________, all sensory information is relayed through the thalamus.
A. Taste
B. Vision
C. Balance
D. Smell
29. The neurohypophysis is derived embryonically from the diencephalon.
True False
30. Releasing and inhibiting hormones are produced in the
A. Hypothalamus
B. Pituitary gland
C. Pineal gland
D. Basal nuclei
31. The suprachiasmatic nuclei
A. Is located in the anterior hypothalamus
B. Controls melatonin secretion from the pineal gland
C. Contains “clock cells” that have patterns which repeat about every twenty-four hours
D. All of these choices are correct
32. The pons and cerebellum comprise the metencephalon.
True False
33. The pons gives rise to cranial nerves VIII through XII.
True False
34. The cerebellum is the largest brain structure.
True False
35. The inability to reach out and touch an object with control and accuracy may result from damage to
the
A. Pons
B. Cerebrum
C. Cerebellum
D. Midbrain
36. Ataxia is often associated with
A. Damage to the motor cortex
B. Damage to the cerebellum
C. Damage to the pyramidal tracts
D. Damage to the occipital lobe
37. The medulla oblongata
A. Contains numerous vital centers
B. Contains the facial nuclei
C. Acts only as a relay center
D. Is the most advanced region of the brain
38. Which of the following is NOT a vital function of the medulla oblongata?
A. Vasomotor control
B. Cardiac control
C. Thirst control
D. Respiratory control
39. Which of the following RAS neurotransmitters stimulates the cerebral cortex for wakefulness?
A. Dopamine
B. GABA
C. Nor epinephrine
D. Both dopamine and nor epinephrine are correct
40. The spinocerebellar tract would carry information from sensory receptors to the cerebral cortex.
True False
41. Sensory impulses associated with crude touch and pressure are transmitted by the posterior
spinocerebellar tracts to the thalamus.
True False
42. The extra pyramidal tracts
A. Arise in the cerebral cortex
B. Always cross in the spinal cord
C. Originate in the midbrain or brainstem
D. Are responsible for reflex generating a Babinski sign
43. Pyramidal tracts begin at the motor cortex of the frontal lobe and synapse in the medulla before
descending the spinal cord.
True False
44. In the cerebral cortex, the _________ matter is superficial and the _______ matter is deep.
A. White; gray
B. Gray; white
45. A recording of the electrical currents produced by synaptic activity in the cerebral cortex is called
A. EEG
B. MRI
C. PET
D. fMRI
46. The elevated folds of the convolutions on the cerebral cortex are called sulci and the depressed grooves
are called gyri.
True False
47. The frontal lobe and the parietal lobe of the cerebrum are separated by the central sulcus.
True False
48. During ______________ sleep, dreams that can be recalled are most likely to occur.
A. REM
B. Deep
C. NonREM
D. Dozing
49. Impaired voluntary movements would suggest damage to the basal ganglia.
True False
50. The basal nuclei contain
A. The corpus striatum
B. The supraoptic nucleus
C. Reticular formation
D. All of these choices are correct
51. Which of the following neurotransmitters is NOT associated with basal nuclei function?
A. Dopamine
B. GABA
C. Both dopamine and GABA
D. Neither dopamine and GABA
52. Aphasias are most often associated with damage to ___________ and ___________ areas.
A. Wernicke’s; the angular gyrus
B. Fornix; Broca’s
C. Broca’s; Wernicke’s
D. The angular gyrus; septal nuclei
53. Ablation of the limbic system may result in an absence of fear.
True False
54. The conversion of short-term memory to long-term memory would be inhibited by
A. Ablation of the pons
B. Ablation of the basal ganglia
C. Ablation of the hippocampus
D. Ablation of the occipital lobe
55. Knowing how to tie your shoes is an example of _____ memory.
A. Short-term
B. Declarative
C. Nondeclarative
D. Both declarative and short-term
5 Key
1. The brain and spinal cord develop from the embryonic neural tube.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #1
2. The forebrain develops into the telencephalon and the diencephalon.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #2
3. The midbrain forms the
A. Telencephalon
B. Mesencephalon
C. Myelencephalon
D. Diencephalon
Fox – Chapter 05 #3
4. Cerebrospinal fluid is found
A. Within the central canal
B. Within the ventricles
C. Within the olfactory bulbs
D. Both within the central canal and within the ventricles
Fox – Chapter 05 #4
5. Neural crest cells differentiate into
A. The telencephalon
B. The red nucleus
C. The basal nuclei
D. Spinal ganglia
Fox – Chapter 05 #5
6. Communication between the cerebrum and cerebellum is facilitated by the corpus callosum.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #6
7. Damage to the parietal lobe of the cerebrum would impair somatosensory interpretation.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #7
8. Visual inputs are interpreted at the level of the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #8
9. Which of the following is the correct list of the lobes of the cerebrum?
A. Insula, temporal, parietal, pons, occipital
B. Temporal, frontal, insula, cerebellum, occipital
C. Frontal, parietal, temporal, insula, occipital
D. Cerebrum, midbrain, thalamus, pons, medulla oblongata
Fox – Chapter 05 #9
10. The ____________ is a cerebral lobe that is involved in memory and integration of sensory
information (mostly pain) with visceral responses.
A. Temporal
B. Frontal
C. Parietal
D. Insula
Fox – Chapter 05 #10
11. Damage to the temporal lobe of the cerebrum would limit
A. Voluntary skeletal muscle contraction
B. Integration of cerebral activities
C. Hearing
D. Vision
Fox – Chapter 05 #11
12. __________________ is a technique for visualizing brain region activity indirectly by detecting
increases in blood oxygen levels
A. Computed tomography
B. Electroencephalogram
C. Functional magnetic resonance imaging
D. Positron emission tomography
Fox – Chapter 05 #12
13. Brain metabolism may be best studied by
A. Electroencephalography
B. Computed tomography
C. Magnetic resonance imaging
D. Positron-emission tomography
Fox – Chapter 05 #13
14. Which type of sleep pattern may aid the consolidation of memory?
A. REM
B. NonREM
Fox – Chapter 05 #14
15. Chorea is most likely to result from
A. Damage to the caudate nucleus
B. Damage to the spinal ganglia
C. Damage to the occipital lobe
D. Damage to the hypothalamus
Fox – Chapter 05 #15
16. Impaired motor coordination in Parkinson’s disease is often due to
A. Degeneration of the red nucleus
B. Degeneration of the substantia nigra
C. Lack of regulation of the cerebral peduncles
D. Degeneration of the mesolimbic system
Fox – Chapter 05 #16
17. Writing skills would be impaired if the ___________ cerebral hemisphere atrophied.
A. Right
B. Left
Fox – Chapter 05 #17
18. Cerebral lateralization, in which the _____ cerebral hemisphere is specialized for language and
analytical ability and the right for visuospatial ability is true for 97% of all people.
A. Right
B. Left
Fox – Chapter 05 #18
19. Damage to the right motor cortex will generally mean motor problems on the right side of the
body.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #19
20. Destruction of Wernicke’s area destroys language comprehension.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #20
21. Aphasias are most often associated with damage to ___________ and ___________ areas.
A. Wernicke’s and the angular gyrus
B. Fornix and Broca’s
C. Broca’s and Wernicke’s
D. The angular gyrus and septal nuclei
Fox – Chapter 05 #21
22. Ablation of the limbic system may result in an absence of fear.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #22
23. The hypothalamus and the limbic system are involved in
A. Aggression
B. Fear
C. Sex
D. All of these choices are correct
Fox – Chapter 05 #23
24. Long-term memory is most often associated with the amygdala.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #24
25. The ___________ lobe is involved in converting short-term memory to long-term memory.
A. Inferior temporal
B. Inferior lateral
C. Prefrontal
D. Medial temporal
Fox – Chapter 05 #25
26. The majority of sensory information is relayed to the cerebrum by the
A. Pons
B. Thalamus
C. Hypothalamus
D. Medulla oblongata
Fox – Chapter 05 #26
27. The ___________________ consists of the dorsal diencephalon and the pineal gland.
A. Epithalamus
B. Hypothalamus
C. Thalamus
D. Third ventricle
Fox – Chapter 05 #27
28. Except for the sense of ____________, all sensory information is relayed through the thalamus.
A. Taste
B. Vision
C. Balance
D. Smell
Fox – Chapter 05 #28
29. The neurohypophysis is derived embryonically from the diencephalon.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #29
30. Releasing and inhibiting hormones are produced in the
A. Hypothalamus
B. Pituitary gland
C. Pineal gland
D. Basal nuclei
Fox – Chapter 05 #30
31. The suprachiasmatic nuclei
A. Is located in the anterior hypothalamus
B. Controls melatonin secretion from the pineal gland
C. Contains “clock cells” that have patterns which repeat about every twenty-four hours
D. All of these choices are correct
Fox – Chapter 05 #31
32. The pons and cerebellum comprise the metencephalon.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #32
33. The pons gives rise to cranial nerves VIII through XII.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #33
34. The cerebellum is the largest brain structure.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #34
35. The inability to reach out and touch an object with control and accuracy may result from damage to
the
A. Pons
B. Cerebrum
C. Cerebellum
D. Midbrain
Fox – Chapter 05 #35
36. Ataxia is often associated with
A. Damage to the motor cortex
B. Damage to the cerebellum
C. Damage to the pyramidal tracts
D. Damage to the occipital lobe
Fox – Chapter 05 #36
37. The medulla oblongata
A. Contains numerous vital centers
B. Contains the facial nuclei
C. Acts only as a relay center
D. Is the most advanced region of the brain
Fox – Chapter 05 #37
38. Which of the following is NOT a vital function of the medulla oblongata?
A. Vasomotor control
B. Cardiac control
C. Thirst control
D. Respiratory control
Fox – Chapter 05 #38
39. Which of the following RAS neurotransmitters stimulates the cerebral cortex for wakefulness?
A. Dopamine
B. GABA
C. Nor epinephrine
D. Both dopamine and nor epinephrine are correct
Fox – Chapter 05 #39
40. The spinocerebellar tract would carry information from sensory receptors to the cerebral cortex.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #40
41. Sensory impulses associated with crude touch and pressure are transmitted by the posterior
spinocerebellar tracts to the thalamus.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #41
42. The extra pyramidal tracts
A. Arise in the cerebral cortex
B. Always cross in the spinal cord
C. Originate in the midbrain or brainstem
D. Are responsible for reflex generating a Babinski sign
Fox – Chapter 05 #42
43. Pyramidal tracts begin at the motor cortex of the frontal lobe and synapse in the medulla before
descending the spinal cord.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #43
44. In the cerebral cortex, the _________ matter is superficial and the _______ matter is deep.
A. White; gray
B. Gray; white
Fox – Chapter 05 #44
45. A recording of the electrical currents produced by synaptic activity in the cerebral cortex is called
A. EEG
B. MRI
C. PET
D. fMRI
Fox – Chapter 05 #45
46. The elevated folds of the convolutions on the cerebral cortex are called sulci and the depressed
grooves are called gyri.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #46
47. The frontal lobe and the parietal lobe of the cerebrum are separated by the central sulcus.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #47
48. During ______________ sleep, dreams that can be recalled are most likely to occur.
A. REM
B. Deep
C. NonREM
D. Dozing
Fox – Chapter 05 #48
49. Impaired voluntary movements would suggest damage to the basal ganglia.
TRUE
Fox – Chapter 05 #49
50. The basal nuclei contain
A. The corpus striatum
B. The supraoptic nucleus
C. Reticular formation
D. All of these choices are correct
Fox – Chapter 05 #50
51. Which of the following neurotransmitters is NOT associated with basal nuclei function?
A. Dopamine
B. GABA
C. Both dopamine and GABA
D. Neither dopamine and GABA
Fox – Chapter 05 #51
52. Aphasias are most often associated with damage to ___________ and ___________ areas.
A. Wernicke’s; the angular gyrus
B. Fornix; Broca’s
C. Broca’s; Wernicke’s
D. The angular gyrus; septal nuclei
Fox – Chapter 05 #52
53. Ablation of the limbic system may result in an absence of fear.
FALSE
Fox – Chapter 05 #53
54. The conversion of short-term memory to long-term memory would be inhibited by
A. Ablation of the pons
B. Ablation of the basal ganglia
C. Ablation of the hippocampus
D. Ablation of the occipital lobe
Fox – Chapter 05 #54
55. Knowing how to tie your shoes is an example of _____ memory.
A. Short-term
B. Declarative
C. Nondeclarative
D. Both declarative and short-term
Fox – Chapter 05 #55
5 Summary
Category # of Questions
Fox – Chapter 05 55

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