Educational Research 5th Edition by R. Burke Johnson – Test Bank

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Johnson, Educational Research, 5th Edition  

 

  1. In the introduction section of a research proposal, which of the following are discussed?

 

  1. Procedures for carrying out the study.
  2. A description of the research participants.
  3. The apparatus or research instruments used.

*d. How the study fits in with and is an extension of prior research.

 

 

  1. If you have prepared a good research proposal you would have prepared a written document that:

 

  1. Summarizes the prior literature
  2. Identifies the research topic being investigated
  3. Identifies the research questions being investigated
  4. Identifies a procedure to answer the research questions

*e. All of the above

 

 

  1. Which of the following is not included in a good research proposal:

 

  1. Introduction to the research topic
  2. Specification of the research participants
  3. Specification of the procedure by which the data are to be collected

*d. Discussion of the results of the research study

  1. Proposed analysis of the data obtained from the research participants

 

 

  1. In which part of a research proposal should you identify the research topic and indicate the importance of it?

 

*a. Introduction

  1. Method
  2. Results
  3. Discussion

 

 

  1. How can you show the importance of the research study you are proposing in your research proposal?

 

  1. By repeatedly stating and emphasizing, in the proposal, that the topic is important.
  2. By stating that others with whom you have spoken have stated that they consider it to be important.
  3. By pointing to a Web site that says it is important.

*d. By demonstrating that the proposed study would fill a gap found in the research literature on the topic.

 

 

  1. The introduction to the research proposal should

 

  1. review the relevant literature.
  2. show the continuity between your proposed research study and prior research.
  3. suggest and lead into a statement of the purpose of the study you are proposing.

*d. do all of the above.

 

 

  1. After stating the purpose of the research study, a ____________study would typically state one or more hypotheses to be tested.

 

*a. quantitative research

  1. qualitative research
  2. grounded theory
  3. ethnographic

 

 

  1. In preparing a research proposal you specify exactly how you are planning to conduct the study. This specification will appear in which section of the research proposal?

 

  1. Abstract
  2. Introduction

*c. Method

  1. Discussion

 

 

  1. In the method section of a research proposal, which of the following is/are discussed?

 

  1. The reason for conducting the study.
  2. The purpose of the study.

*c. The procedures proposed for conducting the study.

  1. How the study fits with and is an extension of prior research.

 

 

  1. The method section includes what information?

 

  1. A description of the research participants.
  2. Any apparatus or instruments to be used in the study.
  3. The procedure to be followed in collecting data.

*d. All of the above should be included.

 

 

  1. If you have established the plan or strategy that will be used to investigate your research question, you have identified the study ________.

 

  1. apparatus
  2. methodology

*c. design

  1. instrumentation

 

 

  1. If you plan to use a questionnaire or a standardized test in your proposed study, in which section would you include your description and justification of it?

 

  1. procedure

*b. instruments or apparatus

  1. design
  2. participants

 

 

  1. In which section would you describe the way you will execute the study?

 

  1. participants
  2. design

*c. procedure

  1. results

 

 

  1. What should be included in the “procedure” section of a study?

 

  1. A description of the research participants.
  2. A description of the instruments or apparatus to be used in the study.

*c. A description of the way you will actually collect the study data.

  1. All of the above.

 

 

  1. What should be included in the “Instruments” section of a study?

 

  1. A description of the research participants.

*b. A description of the instruments or apparatus to be used in the study.

  1. A description of the way you will actually collect the study data.
  2. All of the above.

 

 

  1. In the data analysis section of the research proposal, which of the following are discussed?

 

*a. A description of statistical tests to be used to test the hypothesis.

  1. The purpose of the study.
  2. The procedures used to carry out the study.
  3. How the study fits with and is an extension of prior research.

 

 

  1. The way in which the data will be analyzed evolves directly from ___________.

 

  1. the type of research participants included in the study

*b. the design of the study

  1. the purpose of the study
  2. a discussion with a statistical consultant

 

 

  1. If your proposed data analysis involves coding and searching for relationships in data collected from observations, interviews, documents, films, etc. you have proposed a ___________ study.

 

*a. qualitative

  1. quantitative
  2. correlational
  3. longitudinal

 

 

  1. In a ___________ study there is typically a specific way of analyzing the data whereas in a _______________ study there is no single “right” way of analyzing the data.

 

*a. quantitative; qualitative

  1. qualitative, ethnographic
  2. qualitative; quantitative
  3. phenomenological; qualitative

 

 

  1. If the research proposal includes a “brief description of the essential characteristics of the study,” you will have included which section?

 

  1. Introduction

*b. Abstract

  1. Method
  2. Results

 

 

  1. To specify the appropriate way of analyzing data collected from a quantitative research study, you must have some knowledge of ___________.

 

*a. statistics

  1. research design
  2. coding
  3. the characteristics of the research participants

 

 

  1. The participants section of the research proposal should include:

 

  1. Approximate number of participants expected for the proposed study
  2. Age range of participants expected for the proposed study
  3. Method of locating and securing participants expected for the proposed study

*d. All of the above

 

 

  1. If you are proposing a somewhat complicated mixed or quantitative research study then you should usually include a ____________ section in your proposal.

 

  1. Survey

*b. Design

  1. Factorial
  2. Protocol

 

 

  1. The review of literature allows the researcher to

 

  1. Situate his or her study within the larger body of related research
  2. Show that the proposed research will build on the past literature
  3. State the research questions

*d. Both A & B

 

 

  1. An abstract is always a required part of a research proposal?

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

 

  1. The method section of the proposal focuses on establishing the importance and significance of the research.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

 

  1. The participants section should give general information about the participants, such as age range and where they are located, but should never indicate if they are volunteers or are compensated in some way.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

 

  1. Part of the reason you should describe your equipment or materials in complete detail is so that anyone wishing to duplicate your study can acquire the same or similar equipment.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. The abstract should usually be the last thing you write in a research proposal.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. One way for organizing a research proposal is a “three chapter approach” (i.e., Chapter 1, Chapter 2, and Chapter 3 are major headings in the proposal).

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. The document that summarizes prior research and details how a study will be conducted to answer a specific question is called a(n)

 

  1. introduction
  2. review of the literature
  3. meta-analysis

*d. research proposal

 

 

  1. When you write a research proposal, the purpose of the ________________ section of the research proposal is to convince the reader of the importance of your study.

 

  1. abstract

*b. introduction

  1. method
  2. procedure

 

 

  1. In the research participants section of a research proposal it is important to describe

 

  1. how participants will be assigned to groups.
  2. if participants have been offered something to encourage their participation.
  3. the environment in which participants live.

*d. all of the above.

 

 

  1. It is a good idea to include a picture of your research design to accompany what is written about your study’s design.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. For a study involving the observation of behavior, a description of the specific behaviors to be observed, who will be doing the observations, and when and where the observations will occur should be included in _____________ section.

 

*a. apparatus and/or instruments

  1. data analysis
  2. participants
  3. abstract

 

 

  1. The procedure section describes the step by step procedures that will be followed with all research participants.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. What do action researchers call research proposals?

 

  1. research proposals
  2. two chapter papers

*c. action plans

  1. prospectus

 

 

  1. Action plans include:

 

  1. the identification of a problem
  2. a review of existing research and professional literature
  3. methods of data collection

*d. all of the above

 

 

  1. An action plan describes how to solve a practitioner’s local problem.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. The purpose of a research proposal is to “sell” the reader on the research project that is being proposed.

 

*a. True

  1. False

 

 

  1. There is universal agreement on what sections and subsections should be included in research proposals.

 

  1. True

*b. False

 

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