DIVERSITY IN ORGANIZATIONS 3RD EDITION By MYRTLE P. BELL – TEST BANK

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Sample Questions Posted Below

 

 

 

 

1. Repatriation of people of Mexican descent between 1929 and 1939

  a. included only those living in the U.S. illegally.
  b. was part of an effort to free up jobs during the Depression era.
  c. was strictly voluntary.
  d. provided those being repatriated sufficient time to prepare.

 

ANSWER:   b

 

2. Employers may require English-only rules

  a. when necessary for communications with customers who only speak English.
  b. to satisfy coworkers who do not wish to hear other languages being spoken.
  c. to force employees to learn English.
  d. when employers wish to monitor employees’ conversations while on breaks.

 

ANSWER:   a

 

3. In terms of race and ethnicity

  a. People who are White in race cannot be considered to be Hispanics since Hispanics are included in the “people of color” category.
  b. Latinos do not view their race as cultural but rather as physical.
  c. Confounding of race and ethnicity among Hispanics can create a double jeopardy, in which they experience discrimination based on skin color as well as ethnicity.
  d. Even if living in Mexico, Asians are not classified as Hispanic..

 

ANSWER:   c

 

4. Which of the following is true of Latinos in the U.S.?

  a. Hispanics of Mexican, Central American, and South American origin each comprise about 30% of the U.S. population of Hispanics.
  b. Eighty percent of Latinos in the U.S. live in California and Texas.
  c. The populations of California and Texas are now about 60% Hispanic.
  d. The majority of Hispanics in the U.S. are of Mexican origin.

 

ANSWER:   d

 

5. In terms of the educational attainment of Latinos,

  a. Similar proportions of Blacks and Hispanics have completed high school.
  b. Hispanics whose origins are Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban, respectively, have the most to least education.
  c. Lower education levels of Cubans, compared with Mexican Americans, contribute to lower wages of Cubans.
  d. More Cuban Americans have at least a college degree than Mexican Americans.

 

ANSWER:   d

 

6. In terms of access and treatment discrimination, which of the following is true of Hispanics?

  a. Unlike African Americans, Hispanics do not experience much access discrimination.
  b. Hispanics experience access discrimination, but almost no treatment discrimination.
  c. Hispanics experience treatment discrimination, but almost no access discrimination.
  d. Research has shown clear patterns of access and treatment discrimination against Hispanics.

 

ANSWER:   d

 

7. In the Central Station Casino case about English-only rules

  a. Hispanic workers were allowed to speak Spanish during lunch periods.
  b. Hispanic employees were harassed for speaking Spanish.
  c. the HR Director recommended that Hispanic workers could speak Spanish during breaks.
  d. the HR Director recommended that managers not discipline Hispanic workers who spoke Spanish at work.

 

ANSWER:   b

 

8. Hispanic immigrants

  a. have low employment rates because of their low educational levels.
  b. are sometimes exploited by employers due to their immigrant status.
  c. prefer and obtain high wage jobs because they are bilingual.
  d. are not protected from employment discrimination.

 

ANSWER:   b

 

9. In the Walmart case involving immigrant labor,

  a. the U.S. government alleged that Walmart knowingly hired illegal immigrants from Mexico, Eastern Europe, and other countries.
  b. several Walmart stores were permanently closed as a result.
  c. Walmart settled the case and thus experienced a large financial loss for the year.
  d. Walmart was used as an example of fairness and compliance with both the letter and spirit of the law regarding immigrants.

 

ANSWER:   a

 

10. In investigating Hispanic representation in managerial and professional occupations, researchers found

  a. Hispanics are equally represented in management and professional occupations relative to their representation in the U.S. population.
  b. Hispanics are over-represented in management and professional occupations relative to their representation in the U.S. population.
  c. language proficiency is one of the strongest predictors of working in a managerial or professional job for Hispanics and Whites.
  d. education level has little influence on whether Hispanics are represented in managerial or professional jobs.

 

ANSWER:   c

 

11. Racial profiling and customer abuse and mistreatment

  a. partly result from poor management practices and lack of supervision.
  b. are practices that all organizations avoid in order to attract customers.
  c. will not result in negative publicity against organizations due to media bias.
  d. are unfounded accusations from people who are part of activist organizations.

 

ANSWER:   a

 

12. In terms of marketing to Latinos, in the Hispanic Opinion Tracker study,

  a. Latinos prefer to use credit instead of cash for their purchases.
  b. Latinos were found to spend less than other customers.
  c. Hispanics were more likely to report stronger enthusiasm about shopping than other survey participants.
  d. Hispanic marketing is not worth the effort due to their poverty.

 

ANSWER:   c

 

13. Regarding low status and low skilled workers,

  a. employers are not required to provide minimum wages or overtime to such workers.
  b. fair treatment may translate into recruiting, retention, and productivity gains.
  c. stated preferences for certain workers are never preferences for workers who are more likely to accept low wages and poor treatment.
  d. little can be done to improve their work lives.

 

ANSWER:   b

 

14. Providing language assistance to employees

  a. angers customers who are not Hispanic..
  b. helps only Spanish speaking employees and is resented by others.
  c. does nothing to improve employee relations.
  d. contributes to employee safety.

 

ANSWER:   d

 

15. Differences in deferred adjudication rates discussed in the Florida State study

  a. can negatively affect the ability of Latinos and Blacks to obtain employment when compared with Whites.
  b. did not remain after controlling for differences in the circumstances of the accused and cases.
  c. were less likely to occur with drug and violent crime cases.
  d. can decrease the likelihood that Blacks and Hispanics will have a felony conviction record.

 

ANSWER:   a

 

16. Hispanic women

  a. due to strong cultural traditions, are more likely to be unemployed than employed.
  b. work outside the home at about the same rates as Black women.
  c. are more likely to experience employment hardship than non-Hispanic White women.
  d. tend to work in male-dominated positions.

 

ANSWER:   c

 

17. Which of the following statements is true about Hispanic women at work?

  a. Hispanic women earn about 85% of what Hispanic men earn.
  b. Hispanic women tend to work in female-dominated positions with other women of color.
  c. Hispanic women have higher workforce participation rates than Black women.
  d. Hispanic women have higher workforce participation rates than non-Hispanic White women.

 

ANSWER:   b

 

18. Which of the following is not true of bilingualism?

  a. Organizations should provide incentives and opportunities for managers to learn Spanish.
  b. Being bilingual may be a job-related compensable skill.
  c. High turnover in certain industries makes having managers who speak Spanish more effective than ESL classes.
  d. Training managers to speak Spanish is expensive and counter-productive for employers.

 

ANSWER:   d

 

19. About 35% of the Hispanic individuals living in the U.S. were born in the U.S.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

20. If they prefer to do so, it is generally legal for employers to require employees to speak English at all times while at work.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

21. Hispanics can be White, Black, Asian, or other races.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

22. Employers who express preferences for Hispanic immigrant workers, tend to pay more than those employers who do not express such preferences.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

23. At times, “separate but equal” schools were required for Mexican children in the U.S.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

24. Because Puerto Rico is a U.S. territory, those born there can apply for and receive expedited U.S. citizenship.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

25. The U.S. government helped Cubans who came to the U.S. through assistance with retraining, scholarships, and business loans.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

26. Hispanics now comprise about 25% of the U.S. population.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

27. Hispanic men participate in the workforce at higher rates than non-Hispanic White men.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

28. The proportion of Hispanics in the U.S. has grown rapidly as the result of higher Hispanic immigration and birth rates when compared with other groups.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

29. For those with a high school diploma, the mean earnings of Hispanic men are lower than those of other men with the exception of Black men.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

30. Inter-ethnic employment discrimination is defined as discrimination between Whites and non-White racial and ethnic groups.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

31. Racial profiling by police occurs against Latinos, Blacks, Asians, and others of color in the U.S.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

32. Compared to many other nations, the monolingualism of the majority of the U.S. population is uncommon.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

33. When bilingual employees are called upon to assist monolingual employees with their work tasks, this may reduce bilingual employees’ work effectiveness.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

34. Hispanics are underrepresented in managerial and professional occupations relative to their representation in the U.S. population.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

35. The earliest known ancestors of Mexican Americans arrived in what is now the U.S. long before European Americans.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

36. Hispanic education levels differ by country of origin.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

37. Hispanics are diverse in education, language fluency, background, and experiences.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

38. Proof of police misconduct (that included framing defendants) resulted in ​freedom for 100 defendants.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

39. One reason why employers might assist Hispanics in learning English is that ​they often have dangerous jobs.

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   True

 

40. The Hispanic market has become of less interest to firms due its decline. It has gone from 1.3 trillion dollars in the year 2000 to 504 billion in 2014.​

  a. True
  b. False

 

ANSWER:   False

 

 

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