Culture and Values A Survey of the Humanities 8th Edition by Lawrence S. Cunningham – Test Bank


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Chapter 5 – TEST

The Rise of the Biblical Tradition


  1. Multiple Choice (1 point each)


  1. Who were the two sons of Abraham that went on to found the Hebrew and Arab nations?


  1. Jacob and Joseph
  2. Judah and Mohammed
  3. Isaac and Ishmael
  4. David and Solomon


  1. According to the Bible, who was the father (patriarch) of the Hebrews?


  1. David
  2. Abraham
  3. Noah
  4. Isaac


  1. Who were the three most important kings of the United Monarchy of Canaan?


  1. Saul, David, and Solomon
  2. Abraham, Isaac, and Saul
  3. Methuselah, Noah, and David
  4. Jobe, Jacob, and Solomon


  1. What was the “Babylonian Captivity”?


  1. The period immediately before the coming of Christ
  2. The enslavement of the Babylonian people
  3. The imprisonment of the Babylonian people
  4. A period of Hebrew exile


  1. The English word “Bible” comes from the Greek name of what ancient city?


  1. Babel
  2. Byblos
  3. Athens
  4. Byzantium


  1. What is the meaning of the Greek word from which the term “prophet” is derived?


  1. One who sees the future
  2. One who literally converses with God
  3. A shepherd
  4. One who speaks for another


  1. How is the Hebrew Bible divided?


  1. The Law, the Prophets, and the Writings
  2. The Psalms, the Tenets, and the Epistles
  3. The Gospel, The Babylonian Letters, and the Writings
  4. The Creation Story, The Pauline Letters, and the Book of Revelation


  1. Which grouping of Hebrew texts contains the Torah?


  1. The Psalms
  2. The Gospel
  3. The New Testament
  4. The Law


  1. What is the Septuagint?


  1. A Latin version of the Greek Old Testament
  2. A translation into Sanskrit of the Greek Old Testament
  3. A Greek version of the Hebrew Old Testament
  4. A translation into Latin of the Greek New Testament


  1. What is the Biblical meaning of “covenant”?


  1. A shelter or refuge
  2. A commitment between God and humans
  3. A prophecy that determines human destiny
  4. A sacred text


  1. What are the four most important sources of information about the life of Jesus?


  1. Revelation, Leviticus, and the Psalms
  2. The Dead Sea Scrolls, Lamentations, and Proverbs
  3. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
  4. Acts of the Apostles, Song of Solomon, and the Pauline Letters


  1. What are the Beatitudes?


  1. The early Christian saints
  2. The blessings delivered during Mass
  3. The core teachings of Jesus
  4. The musical pieces performed during Mass


  1. What central doctrine of early Christianity became the basis on which believers proclaimed Jesus as Christ?


  1. The belief in the Virgin Birth
  2. The belief in the Resurrection
  3. The belief in the forgiveness of sins
  4. The doctrine of monotheism


  1. What person became the most important figure in the spread of the Christian church after the death of Jesus?


  1. Peter
  2. John
  3. Matthew
  4. Paul


  1. Why were early Christians persecuted by the government of Rome?


  1. They refused to worship the state gods.
  2. They rebelled openly against the government.
  3. They broke the law by engaging in sacrificial rites.
  4. They encouraged vandalism against Roman properties.


  1. Which emperor in C.E. 312 issued in Milan a decree of toleration for Christianity (and other religions)?


  1. Emperor Justinian
  2. Emperor Diocletian
  3. Emperor Constantine
  4. Emperor Romulus


  1. Who were the apologists?


  1. Those who acknowledged their sins and expressed the desire to repent
  2. Those who wrote in defense of Christianity
  3. Those critical of Christian worship practices
  4. Those who lamented the expulsion of mankind from the Garden of Eden


  1. What was a common symbol of early Christianity?


  1. An anchor
  2. A crucifix
  3. A lion and a lamb
  4. A fountain in a garden


  1. What did the Chi-Rho monogram refer to?


  1. Commonly-cited Biblical proverbs
  2. Psalms used during Christian worship services
  3. Early Christian beliefs about the afterlife
  4. The first two letters of the Greek word for “Christ”


  1. What famous church was built in Rome during the reign of the Emperor Constantine?


  1. Saint Mark’s Cathedral
  2. Saint Peter’s Basilica
  3. The Coliseum
  4. Saint John’s Cathedral


  1.  What famous church was built in Jerusalem during the reign of the Emperor Constantine?


  1. The Church of Notre Dame
  2. Hagia Sophia
  3. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher
  4. Saint Peter’s Basilica



  1. What musical tradition had the greatest influence on early Christian churches?


  1. Early troubadour songs
  2. Jewish chanting of sacred texts
  3. The musical practices of the Roman Empire
  4. The musical practices of Classical Greece


  1. What is the name of the gateway through which Christians entered a basilica?


  1. the transept
  2. the atrium
  3. the clerestory
  4. the nave


  1. What is responsorial singing?


  1. Singing in which the choir responds to the congregation’s lines
  2. Singing in which two sections of the congregation alternate in chanting lines from psalms
  3. Singing in which the congregation chants beneath cantor’s line
  4. Singing in which the congregation responds to cantor’s lines



  1. What is antiphonal singing?


  1. Dissonant singing
  2. Singing in which two sections of the congregation alternate in chanting lines from psalms
  3. Singing in which the congregation and cantor sing simultaneously with one another, but to different texts
  4. Singing featuring the cantor alone





  1. Short Answer Questions (3 points each)



  1. What is the difference between a “prophet” and a “seer”? What was the main function of prophets in the Judeo-Christian traditions?





  1. How have events in the Book of Exodus been used to symbolize the plight and aims of later generations?





  1. What factors contributed to the success of the spread of Christianity?




  1. What did excavators of Dura-Europus find? What does this tell us about religious life in the third century?




  1. What prompted the Christian church to create the position of cantor?





  • Key Terms (1 point each)


  • _______________________ An underground cemetery
  1. _______________________ Books accepted by Orthodox Christians as canonical
  2. _______________________ Wall painting on moist plaster
  3. _______________________ The “good news” of Christianity
  • _______________________ One of many gods is chosen to be worshipped
  • _______________________ Common form of Greek spoken throughout Roman empire
  1. _______________________ Hebrew word for “the anointed one”
  • _______________________ Central aisle of a basilica
  • _______________________ Belief in many gods
  1. _______________________ Hallway that crosses the nave






Chapter 5 – TEST Answer Key

  1. Multiple Choice


  1. c
  2.  b
  3.  a
  4.  d
  5.  b
  6.  d
  7.  a
  8.  d
  9.  c
  10.  b
  11.  c
  12.  c
  13.  b
  14.  d
  15.  a
  16.  c
  17.  b
  18.  a
  19.  d
  20.  b
  21.  c
  22.  b
  23.  b
  24.  d
  25.  b


  1. Short Answer Questions



  1. A prophet is one who speaks with the authority of God whereas a seer has the power to foretell events in the future. The main purpose of a prophet in the Judeo-Christian tradition was to bring people back onto the path of righteousness and observance to their faith in order to prepare them for the coming of the Messiah. Prophets also defended the poor and urged social justice.


  1. The events in the Book of Exodus have been used to symbolize the plight and aims of persecuted people in modern times, including the pilgrims fleeing religious persecution, the American colonialists seeking independence from Britain, and African-American slaves fighting for freedom.


  1. The major factors that contributed to the successful spread of Christianity were the ease of travel and communication throughout the Roman Empire, the presence of a common language called koine, and the inclusiveness of the Christian faith, as well as the compassion and salvation inherent in its teachings.


  1. Excavators of Dura-Europos revealed that religious life in the third century was quite complex, with peaceful coexistence of members of a spectrum of religions, including Christianity, Roman and Semitic paganism, Judaism, and the cult of Mithra.


  1. The Christian church created the position of cantor in reaction against the professionalization of sacred music (bringing paid instrumentalists or vocalists into the church to perform).


  • Key Terms



  1. Catacomb
  2. Deuterocanonical
  3. Fresco
  4. Gospel
  5. Henotheism
  6. Koine
  7. Messiah
  8. nave
  9. polytheism
  10. transept


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