Counseling Children 9th Edition by Henderson – Test Bank


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Chapter 5




  1. Match the terms listed below with their best descriptor. (p. 142)


  1. composed of two parts – the ego ideal and the conscience
  2. strikes a balance between parent, adult and child
  3. contains our basic instinctual drive
  4. strives to strike a balance between a person’s needs and moral standards, operates under the reality principle


__C__                   Id

__D__                   Ego

__A__                   Superego


  1. Match the following terms with the best definition (p. 146-148)


Identification                                         N  Displacement

Repression &  Suppression                    B  Projection

Reaction Formation                                E  Rationalization

Denial                                                     G  Fantasy

Withdrawal                                             H  Intellectualization

  Regression                                             L  Compensation

Undoing                                                 I  Acting Out


  1. a refusal to face unpleasant aspects of reality
  2. attributing one’s own characteristics to others or to things in the external world
  3. reducing ego involvement by becoming passive or learning to avoid being hurt
  4. forcing a dangerous memory, idea, or perception out of the conscious into the unconscious
  5. an attempt to prove that one’s behavior is justified
  6. the development of attitudes or character traits exactly opposite the ones that have been repressed
  7. a way of seeking gratification of needs and frustrated desires through the imagination
  8. the act of separating the normal affect or feeling from an unpleasant or hurtful situation
  9. reducing the anxiety aroused by forbidden desires by expressing them
  10. a retreat to earlier developmental stages that are less demanding than those of the present level
  11. engaging in some form of atonement for immoral or bad behavior
  12. covering up a weakness by emphasizing some desirable trait or reducing frustration in one area of life by overgratification in another area
  13. the development of role models that people identify with or imitate
  14. redirecting energy from a primary object to a substitute when an instinct is blocked


  1. Match the dynamic concepts listed below with their best descriptor. (p. 143-144)


  1. refers to the force the super-ego exerts to block or restrain the impulses of the Id
  2. a conscious state in which a painful emotion is produced
  3. an inborn psychological representation referred to as a wish or need
  4. the energy that permits life instincts to work
  5. refers to the force the ego exerts to block or restrain impulses of the id
  6. directing one’s energy toward an object that will satisfy a need


   C            Instinct

   D            Libido

   F             Cathexis

   E             Anticathexis

   B            Anxiety


  1. Match the following descriptions with the appropriate psychosexual developmental stage. (p. 149-150)


  1. Phallic stage  D.  Anal stage
  2. Genital stage         E.  Oral stage
  3. Latency stage       F.  Cerebral stage


  A       a. self-manipulation of the genitals, the Oedipus complex occurs during this stage

  E        b. includes the sub stages oral erotic and oral sadistic

  C       c. sexual motivations presumably recede in importance during this stage

  D       d. anal region is the major source of pleasurable stimulation

  B       e. the major task of this stage is the development of relationships




  1. One innate drive Freud discussed was
    1. Aggression *** (p. 140)
    2. Humility
    3. Hubris
    4. Anger


  1. Throughout the psychoanalytic process, the therapist acts as
    1. A disputer
    2. An encourager
    3. A third ear*** (p. 151)
    4. Someone who finds exceptions


  1. In the genital stage of development the focus changes to
    1. Fulfilling basic needs
    2. Conflict between wants and reality
    3. Maintaining status quo
    4. Developing genuine relationships with others*** (p. 150)


  1. Psychoanalytic therapy has traditionally been
    1. Short-term
    2. Long-term*** (p. 151)
    3. Dictated by managed care
    4. Inappropriate for children


  1. In the middle phase of psychoanalytic therapy the goal is to
    1. Find triggers to current problems
    2. Identify patterns and themes *** (p. 153)
    3. Develop a goal attainment plan
    4. End the therapeutic relationship


  1. According to psychoanalytic theory, the basic concepts of human nature revolve around which two notions?
  2. psychic determinism and unconscious mental processes *** (p. 140-141)
  3. conscious mental processes and random occurrences
  4. nothing happens by chance and non-causative relationships
  5. chaos and psychic determinism


  1. The primary goal of counseling within a psychoanalytic frame of reference is
  2. to re-educate.
  3. to make the unconscious conscious. *** (p. 154)
  4. to make the conscious unconscious.
  5. to measure psychic energy.


  1. Which of the following is not one of the basic methods of psychoanalytic counseling?
  2. Interpretation
  3. Catharsis
  4. Cognitive restructuring *** (p. 155-157)
  5. Free association


  1. The case of Pete exhibits all of the following psychodynamic concepts except
    1. acting out.
    2. making the unconscious conscious.
    3. *** (p. 167-170)


  1. Which of the following states Freud’s belief about people?
    1. born as blank slates to be built on by heredity and environment.
    2. basically evil and victims of instincts. *** (p. 140)
    3. irrational, self-defeating individuals.
    4. as princes and princesses.


  1. Freud’s concepts of personality were based on the structural concepts of the id, ego and
    1. *** (p. 142)


  1. Freud viewed personality development as a succession of psychosexual stages.  Which stage is characterized by a son’s sexual desire for his mother?
  2. Oral stage
  3. Anal stage
  4. Phallic stage *** (p. 149)
  5. Latency stage


  1. Which of the following theories uses free association as a method for probing into the unconscious?
  2. Adlerian Counseling
  3. Behavioral Counseling
  4. Logo Therapy
  5. Psychodynamic Counseling *** (p. 156)


  1. Which theorist wrote that if a person’s love life and work life were going well, his/her state of mental health would be healthy?
    1. Freud  *** (p. 163)
    2. Frankl
    3. Dreikurs
    4. Satir


  1. According to Freud, the developmental stages are
  2. oral, anal, pre-operational, and formal.
  3. infancy, oedipal, childhood, puberty.
  4. social emotional, oral, phallic, sensorimotor.
  5. oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. *** (p. 149-150)


  1. The Oedipal-Electra conflict is resolved in which stage of development?
    1. Sensorimotor
    2. Anal
    3. Phallic *** (p. 149)
    4. Genital


  1. The psychoanalytically oriented counselor often employs the technique of
    1. *** (p. 151)
    2. internal inhibition.
    3. aversion therapy.
    4. all of the above are correct.


  1. According to Freud, a therapeutic relationship is built on
    1. *** (p. 159)
    2. exposing the ego to analysis.


  1. The “backbone of civilization,” according to Freud, is
    1. the superego.
    2. *** (p. 148)
    3. psychosexual development.


  1. Individuals who see in others what they fail to recognize in themselves are exhibiting a defense mechanism known as
    1. *** (p. 147)


  1. The principle of transference refers to
    1. repression of hostile emotions during therapy.
    2. reliving, through the therapist, other interpersonal relationships. *** (p. 151)
    3. making of important decisions as soon as regression occurs.
    4. independence of attitude by moving from past to present.


  1. Three types of anxiety according to Freud are
    1. reality, neurotic, and material.
    2. reasonable, neurotic, and material.
    3. reality, neurotic, and moral. *** (p. 145)
    4. reality, determinism, and material.


  1. The difference in instinct and libido is
    1. energy and object.
    2. need/wish and object.
    3. block and object.
    4. need/wish and energy. *** (p. 143)


  1. In objects relations therapy, the word object refers to
    1. a person *** (p. 163)
    2. a pet
    3. the home
    4. work


  1. Psychoanalytic play therapy involves
    1. reflection of feelings
    2. interpretation of symbolic play (p. 163)
    3. encouragement
    4. schematics of toy selection



  1. List and describe six defense mechanisms.


  1. Explain the psychosexual stages according to Freud’s theory.


  1. Compare object relations theory to psychoanalytic theory.




  1. Discuss the etiology of maladaptive behavior according to psychoanalytic thought.


  1. Describe and illustrate the structural, dynamic, and developmental concepts of psychoanalytic theory.


  1. Defend the use of psychoanalysis with multicultural clients.



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