Comparative Cognition By Olmstead Kuhlmeier – Test Bank

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Instructor’s Manual for Comparative Cognition: Multiple Choice Questions pg. 33
1. Which of the following is false about sex differences in spatial memory in
humans?
a) Males rely more on directional cues while females rely more on
positional cues.
b) There is large overlap in the distribution of scores for each sex.
c) Any one man will have better spatial memory than any one
woman.
d) All of the above are true.
2. Taxis is and kinesis is .
a) nondirectional movement in response to a stimulus; directional
movement in response to a stimulus.
b) directional movement in response to a stimulus; nondirectional
movement in response to a stimulus.
c) nondirectional movement towards a particular goal; directional
movement towards a particular goal.
d) directional movement towards a particular goal; nondirectional
movement towards a particular goal.
3. Which of the following is true of beacons and landmarks?
a) Beacons provide distance and directional information to the goal
while landmarks do not.
b) Both beacons and landmarks provide distance and directional
information to the goal.
c) Beacons are relied on when animals are further away from the goal
and landmarks are relied on when animals are in close proximity to
the goal.
d) Beacons are more useful when animals are foraging in unfamiliar
territory whereas landmarks are more useful when animals are
foraging in familiar territory.
Chapter 5
Instructor’s Manual for Comparative Cognition: Multiple Choice Questions pg. 34
4. Animals exhibit a rotational bias effect when salient feature cues are rotated
or removed from the testing environment. The effect indicates that the animals were
using to navigate.
a) their vestibular system
b) landmarks
c) geometric cues
d) path integration
5. Which of the following is not evidence that animals have cognitive maps?
a) Honeybees followed directions given by conspecifics to a sugar
source after it was moved to the center of the lake.
b) Animals can plan novel routes to a familiar location.
c) Chimpanzees retrieve food in a different order from which it was
hidden.
d) Animals go directly to the hidden platform from new start locations in
the water maze task.
6. Zugunruhe indicates that animals have an endogenous mechanism that tells them
.
a) when to leave, which direction to go, and where to stop.
b) when to leave and which direction to go.
c) when to leave, which direction to go, and when to stop.
d) when to leave and where to stop.
7. Which of the following is most true?
a) Olfactory cues are a mechanism for migration but may not be for
homing.
b) The sun compass is a mechanism for homing but may not be for
migration.
c) Magnetic cues are a mechanism for homing but may not be for
migration.
d) The star compass is a mechanism for migration but may not be
for homing.
Instructor’s Manual for Comparative Cognition: Multiple Choice Questions pg. 35
8. Packard and McGaugh (1996) trained animals to locate food in one arm of a T-­‐
maze. At test, the maze is rotated 180°. If the animals turn in the same direction as
they used to turn during training, they are showing learning and
blocking activity disrupts this type of learning. However, if the animals
travel down the arm that is in the same location relative to environmental cues, they
are showing learning and blocking activity disrupts this type
of learning.
a) response; hippocampal; place; striatal.
b) place; striatal; response; hippocampal.
c) response; striatal; place; hippocampal.
d) place; hippocampal; response; striatal.
9. Which brain region is believed to mediate the integration of different modes of
spatial navigation?
a) Entorhinal cortex.
b) Retrosplenial cortex.
c) Anterior cingulate cortex.
d) Place fields in the hippocampus.
10. Hippocampal size
a) increased in taxi driver trainees who took ‘The Knowlege’ test but not
in age-­‐matched controls.
b) is larger in food caching birds than in non-­‐caching birds.
c) is larger in migratory birds than in non-­‐migratory birds.
d) has been found to be correlated with performance on spatial memory
tasks, so all of the above are true.
12. Which of the following is NOT an example of dead reckoning?
a) After a circuitous hunt for food, desert ants follow a direct route
home.
b) World War Two pilots flying by cover of night.
c) A sailor following the north star home.
d) A foraging honey bee returning home can communicate the most
direct route back to a food source, despite never having taken the
direct route.
Instructor’s Manual for Comparative Cognition: Multiple Choice Questions pg. 36
13. When an animal finds its way home after being transported long distance to an
unfamiliar environment, this is
a) migration.
b) dead reckoning.
c) homing.
d) magnetic manipulation.
14. Which of the following is an example of path integration?
a) Dessert ants returning to their nest by the most direct and
efficient route after foraging along a complex path in an
unfamiliar area.
b) A pilot successfully navigating at night with only a compass to indicate
the direction of travel.
c) A sailor travelling across the ocean without sighting land for days and
correctly estimating his/her distance from the destination.
d) A student navigating his/her way around the Queen’s university
campus using the main libraries as reference points.
15. A rat is trained to find food hidden on the floor half way between two coloured
objects. The distance between these two objects is varied across trials. The pattern
and location of searching is recorded and compared across trials. What navigational
process is being assessed in this experiment?
a) environmental geometry.
b) cognitive maps.
c) single landmark use.
d) multiple landmark use.
16. Pheromones are not
a) chemicals used for communication.
b) dispensed through the vestibular sense.
c) used by animals to promote reproduction.
d) used by animals to mark a trail.
Instructor’s Manual for Comparative Cognition: Multiple Choice Questions pg. 37
17. Dead reckoning is
a) a navigational tool used by animals and humans whereby a
record of distance is used to estimate and arrive at their
destination.
b) a navigational tool used by animals and humans whereby landmarks
are the primary source of spatial orientation and goal-­‐directed
ambulation.
c) the phenomenon of apoptosis of hippocampal place cells.
d) an extremely accurate spatial navigation tool based on a celestial
bodies, particularly making use of the sun.
18. Studies in rats suggest that dead reckoning is disrupted by lesions to the
__________.
a) nucleus accumbens
b) the dorsal raphe
c) the visual system
d) the vestibular system
19. Animals may employ spatial navigation skills to search for a mate by
a) defending against competitors and advertising their receptivity within
their territory.
b) advertising outside of their territory so that they do not need to use
resources to defend themselves.
c) actively searching for mates beyond their own territory.
d) a and c.
20. Compared to male pine voles and female meadow voles, male meadow voles
a) have larger home ranges and bigger hippocampi.
b) are easier to train in lab tasks.
c) use a smaller proportion of their hippocampus to acquire spatial
learning tasks.
d) have better spatial abilities outside of their home range.
21. Which of the following is NOT proof that food-­‐storing birds use spatial memory
to recover cached food?
a) Their performance when searching for food is much better than
chance.
b) They demonstrate no decrease in accuracy when their choice of cache
site is experimentally constrained.
c) They follow a regular route when retrieving cached items.
d) They show no decline in accuracy when olfactory cues are removed.
Instructor’s Manual for Comparative Cognition: Multiple Choice Questions pg. 38
22. Which of the following has a detrimental effect on a bird’s ability to locate its
cache site?
a) Removal of a landmark immediately beside the cache site.
b) Removal of a landmark 1 meter away from the cache site.
c) Changing the appearance of a landmark.
d) Searching for the cache site at a different time of day.
23. Place cells in the hippocampus
a) increase their firing rate when a rat is in a particular location.
b) mediate spatial learning, at least in rats.
c) are disrupted when animals try to locate a cue in a spatial
environment.
d) decrease their firing rate when spatial navigation declines.
24. Homing in pigeons probably does NOT depend on which of the following
mechanism?
a) Olfactory sense.
b) Sun compass.
c) Landmark orientation.
d) Counting the number of wingbeats since departure.

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