Chapter 8 Nursing Theory & Research

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Chapter 8  Nursing Theory & Research

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Which commonly accepted practice came out of the Framingham study? Use of
1)
Mammography in breast cancer screening

2)
Colonoscopy in colon cancer screening
3)
Pap testing in cervical cancer screening
4)
Digital rectal examination in prostate cancer screening

ANS: 1
One commonly accepted practice that came out of the Framingham study is the link between mammography and breast cancer. Before the Framingham study, mammography was considered an unreliable tool in breast cancer screening.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 137
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: HPM | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 2. Which theorist developed the nursing theory known as the science of human caring?
1)
Florence Nightingale

2)
Patricia Benner 3)
Jean Watson
4)
Nola Pender

ANS: 3
Dr. Jean Watson developed the nursing theory known as the science of human caring. Her theory describes caring from a nursing perspective. Florence Nightingale developed the theory that stated that “a clean environment would improve the health of patients.” By changing the care environment, she dramatically reduced the death rate of soldiers. Dr. Patricia Benner’s theory described the progression of a beginning nurse who learns to be

Treas Fundmentals TB08-2 Test Bank, Chapter 08

an expert nurse. Nola Pender’s theory on health promotion became the basis for most health-promotion teaching done by nurses.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 137
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: N/A | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 3. A patient complains of pain after undergoing surgery. The nurse forms a mental image of pain based on her own experiences with pain. This mental image is known as a(n)
1)

Phenomenon 2)
Concept
3) Assumption 4)

Definition

ANS: 2
A concept is a mental image of a phenomenon, an aspect of reality that you can observe and experience. In the scenario above, the nurse forms a mental image of pain because of her past experiences with pain. Phenomena are the subject matter of a discipline. They mark the boundaries of a discipline. An assumption is an idea that is taken for granted. In a theory, the assumption is the idea that the researcher presumes to be true and does not intend to test with research. A definition is a statement of meaning of a term or concept that sets forth the concept’s characteristics or indicators.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 138
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: N/A | Cognitive level: Application

____ 4. Hildegard Peplau was a nursing theorist whose major contribution to nursing was
1)
Transcultural nursing

2)
Health promotion
3)
Nurse-patient relationship 4)
Holistic comfort

ANS: 3

Treas Fundmentals TB08-3 Test Bank, Chapter 08

Hildegard Peplau was a psychiatric nurse who showed that developing a relationship with psychiatric patients made their treatment more effective. From her work, she developed the theory of interpersonal relations, which focuses on the nurse-patient relationship. This theory is in use every day in nursing.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 142
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 5. The nurse and other hospital personnel strive to keep the patient care area clean. This most directly illustrates the ideas of which nursing theorist?
1)
Virginia Henderson

2)
Imogene Rigdon
3)
Katherine Kolcaba 4)
Florence Nightingale

ANS: 4
Florence Nightingale was instrumental in identifying the importance of a clean patient care environment. During the Crimean War, Nightingale dramatically reduced the death rate of soldiers by changing the healthcare environment. Virginia Henderson identified 14 basic needs that are addressed by nursing care. Imogene Rigdon developed a theory about bereavement of older women after noticing that older women handle grief differently than do men and younger women. Katherine Kolcaba developed a theory of holistic comfort in nursing.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 141
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: SECE | Cognitive level: Application

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