Chapter 7 The Head and Neck

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Chapter 7  The Head and Neck

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

Multiple Choice

 

1. A 38-year-old accountant comes to your clinic for evaluation of a headache. The throbbing sensation is located in the right temporal region and is an 8 on a scale of 1 to 10. It started a few hours ago, and she has noted nausea with sensitivity to light; she has had headaches like this in the past, usually less than one per week, but not as severe. She does not know of any inciting factors. There has been no change in the frequency of her headaches. She usually takes an over-the-counter analgesic and this results in resolution of the headache. Based on this description, what is the most likely diagnosis of the type of headache?
A) Tension
B) Migraine
C) Cluster
D) Analgesic rebound

Ans: B
Chapter: 07
Page and Header: 196, The Health History
Feedback: This is a description of a common migraine (no aura). Distinctive features of a migraine include phonophobia and photophobia, nausea, resolution with sleep, and unilateral distribution. Only some of these features may be present.

 

2. A 29-year-old computer programmer comes to your office for evaluation of a headache. The tightening sensation is located all over the head and is of moderate intensity. It used to last minutes, but this time it has lasted for 5 days. He denies photophobia and nausea. He spends several hours each day at a computer monitor/keyboard. He has tried over-the-counter medication; it has dulled the pain but not taken it away. Based on this description, what is your most likely diagnosis?
A) Tension
B) Migraine
C) Cluster
D) Analgesic rebound

Ans: A
Chapter: 07
Page and Header: 196, The Health History
Feedback: This is a description of a typical tension headache.

 

3. Which of the following is a symptom involving the eye?
A) Scotomas
B) Tinnitus
C) Dysphagia
D) Rhinorrhea

Ans: A
Chapter: 07
Page and Header: 196, The Health History
Feedback: Scotomas are specks in the vision or areas where the patient cannot see; therefore, this is a common/concerning symptom of the eye.

 

4. A 49-year-old administrative assistant comes to your office for evaluation of dizziness. You elicit the information that the dizziness is a spinning sensation of sudden onset, worse with head position changes. The episodes last a few seconds and then go away, and they are accompanied by intense nausea. She has vomited one time. She denies tinnitus. You perform a physical examination of the head and neck and note that the patient’s hearing is intact to Weber and Rinne and that there is nystagmus. Her gait is normal. Based on this description, what is the most likely diagnosis?
A) Benign positional vertigo
B) Vestibular neuronitis
C) Ménière’s disease
D) Acoustic neuroma

Ans: A
Chapter: 07
Page and Header: 252, Table 7–3
Feedback: This is a classic description of benign positional vertigo. The vertigo is episodic, lasting a few seconds to minutes, instead of continuous as in vestibular neuronitis. Also, there is no tinnitus or sensorineural hearing loss as occurs in Ménière’s disease and acoustic neuroma. You may choose to learn about Hallpike maneuvers, which are also helpful in the evaluation of

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