Chapter 6 Care of the Patient with a Gallbladder, Liver, Biliary Tract, or Exocrine Pancreatic Disorder

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Chapter 6  Care of the Patient with a Gallbladder, Liver, Biliary Tract, or Exocrine Pancreatic Disorder

 

 

Complete chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The nurse clarifies that unconjugated bilirubin, which is made up of broken-down red cells, is:

  1. stored in the gallbladder to make bile.
  2. water insoluble bilirubin that must be converted by the liver.
  3. a by-product which is excreted directly into the bowel for excretion.
  4. necessary for digestion of fats.

ANS: B
Unconjugated bilirubin is a water-insoluble product that must be converted in the liver to conjugated bilirubin (water soluble) so that it may be excreted through the bowel.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: Page 233 OBJ: 1 TOP: Bilirubin KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

2. The patient with cirrhosis has an albumin of 2.8 g/dL. The nurse is aware that normal is 3.5 g/dL to 5 g/dL. Based on these findings, what would the nurse expect the patient to exhibit?

  1. Jaundice
  2. Edema
  3. Copious urine output
  4. Pallor

ANS: B
Low serum albumin levels result also from excessive loss of albumin into urine or into third-space volumes, causing ascites or edema.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: Page 234 OBJ: 1 TOP: Cirrhosis KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

3. What is an essential nursing measure to prevent injury to the patient who is to receive a paracentesis?

  1. Have patient sign a permit
  2. Pad side rails
  3. Check for allergy to contrast media or to shellfish
  4. Have patient void immediately before procedure

ANS: D
To prevent the puncturing of the bladder, the patient must void immediately before the procedure. A permit is required but it is not a safety precaution for the patient. There is no contrast media used in a paracentesis.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: Page 242 OBJ: 2 TOP: Paracentesis KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

4. What should the nurse expect of a patient with a malabsorption of vitamin K?

  1. Lowered hemoglobin
  2. Elevated hematocrit
  3. Increased prothrombin time
  4. Diminished white blood cell count

ANS: C
Prothrombin times are increased because malabsorption of vitamin K or inability to produce the clotting factors VII, IX, and X cause the patient to have bleeding tendencies.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: Page 240 OBJ: 3 TOP: Cirrhosis KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

5. A patient was scheduled for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but complications developed and he underwent an open cholecystectomy with a T-tube inserted into the common bile duct. What is the purpose of the T-tube?

  1. To decompress the duct and relieve pain caused by stimulation of the sphincter of

    Oddi.

  2. To improve diaphragmatic expansion and prevention of atelectasis.
  3. To shorten postoperative recovery and hasten the healing process.
  4. To keep the duct open and allow drainage of the bile until edema resolves.

ANS: D
If the stones are in the common bile duct and edema is present, a biliary drainage tube, or T-tube, will be inserted to keep the duct open and allow drainage of the bile until the edema resolves.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 254, Figure 6-7 OBJ: 8 TOP: Cholecystectomy
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

6. The nurse caring for a patient who has had an open cholecystectomy with a T-Tube will:

  1. open the T-tube to the air so that it will drain freely.
  2. position and secure the drainage bag at the chest level.
  3. Place the collection bag so the tube is not kinked.
  4. Irrigate the T-tube with normal saline to ensure the free flow of bile.

ANS: B
The T-tube is placed below the level of the common bile duct to prevent the reflux of bile. The bag must be positioned so the tube is not kinked, or bile cannot drain from the liver. Normally T-tubes are not irrigated.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: Page 255 OBJ: 8
TOP: Cholecystectomy KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

7. Which nursing intervention should be completed immediately after the physician has performed a needle liver biopsy?

  1. Assisting to ambulate for the bathroom
  2. Keeping the patient on the right side for a minimum of 2 hours
  3. Taking vital signs every 4 hours

d. Keeping the patient on the left side for a minimum of 4 hours

ANS: B
Keep the patient lying on the right side for minimum of 2 hours to splint the puncture site. It compresses the liver capsule against the chest wall to decrease the risk of hemorrhage or bile leak. Vital signs are taken every 15 minutes for 30 minutes, then every 30 minutes for 2 hours.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: Page 236 OBJ: 2 TOP: Liver biopsy KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

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