Chapter 41 Diabetes Mellitus

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Chapter 41  Diabetes Mellitus

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

1.
Which of the following may develop in the patient when ketone bodies accumulate in excessive amounts?

A) Hypovolemia B) Polyuria C) Diabetic ketoacidosis D) Blurred vision

2.
Which of the following criteria would support checking blood levels for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus?
A)
Fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL
B)
Random plasma glucose greater than 150 mg/dL
C)
Fasting plasma glucose greater than 100 mg/dL
D)
Random plasma glucose greater than 126 mg/dL

3.
The nurse teaches the newly diagnosed patient with type 2 diabetes which of the following general guidelines?
A)
Low fat generally indicates low sugar.
B)
Protein should constitute 35% of dietary intake.
C)
Control calorie intake to attain a reasonable body weight.
D)
Dietary fat should be eliminated from the diet.

4.
The nurse teaches the newly diagnosed patient with diabetes mellitus that which of the following guidelines will decrease the body’s need for insulin?

A) Sleep B) Stress C) Exercise D) Low-fat diet

5.
When administering Humalog insulin to the patient, the nurse should do which of the following?
A)
Have the patient’s meal tray available.
B)
Have the patient begin the meal tray 30 minutes following the injection.
C)
Feed the patient prior to administering the dose of insulin.
D)
Watch for symptoms of hyperglycemia.

 

Answer Key

1.
C
2.
A
3.
C
4.
C
5.
A

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