Chapter 24 Fluid, Electrolyte, and AcidBase Balance

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Chapter 24  Fluid, Electrolyte, and AcidBase Balance

 

 

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Chapter 24 Fluid, Electrolyte, and AcidBase Balance Answer Key 1. Blood plasma osmolarity is higher than intracellular fluid osmolarity.

True / False Questions

FALSE

2. Ina state of fluid balance, average daily fluid gains and losses are equal.

TRUE

3. Fluid intake is governed mainly by hypothalamic receptors called osmoreceptors.

TRUE

4. The kidneys secrete ADH in response to dehydration.

FALSE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q01.03 Describe the mechanisms used to regulate water intake. HAPS Topic: Module Q01 Regulation of water intake and output. Learning Outcome: 24.01c Describe the mechanisms of regulating water intake and output. Section: 24.01 Topic: Regulation of water balance

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 2. Understand Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q01.04 Describe the mechanisms used to regulate water output. HAPS Topic: Module Q01 Regulation of water intake and output. Learning Outcome: 24.01c Describe the mechanisms of regulating water intake and output. Section: 24.01 Topic: Hormonal regulation Topic: Regulation of water balance

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q04.03 Compare and contrast the roles that osmosis and capillary filtration play in the movement of fluids between compartments. HAPS Topic: Module Q04 Movements between the major fluid compartments. Learning Outcome: 24.01a Name the major fluid compartments and explain how water moves from one to another. Section: 24.01 Topic: Introduction to body fluids and fluid compartments

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

BloomsLevel:2.Understand

Gradable: automatic HAPSObjective:Q01.01Listanddescribetheroutesofwaterentryintothebodyandstaterepresentativevolumesforeach. HAPSTopic:ModuleQ01Regulationof water intake and output. LearningOutcome:24.01bList the body’s sources of water and routes of water loss. Section:24.01 Topic: Regulation of water balance

5. Hypovolemia refers to a reduction in total body water while maintaining normal osmolarity.

TRUE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q02.01 Describe the fluid compartments (including the subdivisions of the extracellular fluid) and state the relative volumes of each. HAPS Topic: Module Q02 Description of the major fluid compartments. Learning Outcome: 24.01d Describe some conditions in which the body has a deficiency or excess of water or an improper distribution of water amoung the fluid compartments. Section: 24.01 Topic: Regulation of water balance

24-1
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6. Aldosterone promotes potassium excretion.

TRUE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q03.04 Describe hormonal regulation of electrolyte levels in the plasma, including sodium, chloride, potassium, phosphate and calcium. HAPS Topic: Module Q03 Chemical composition of the major compartment fluids. Learning Outcome: 24.02b Describe the hormonal and renal mechanisms that regulate the concentrations of these electrolytes. Section: 24.02 Topic: Hormonal regulation Topic: Regulation of electrolyte balances

7. Natriuretic peptides promote sodium and potassium excretion.

FALSE

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 1. Remember Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q03.04 Describe hormonal regulation of electrolyte levels in the plasma, including sodium, chloride, potassium, phosphate and calcium. HAPS Topic: Module Q03 Chemical composition of the major compartment fluids. Learning Outcome: 24.02b Describe the hormonal and renal mechanisms that regulate the concentrations of these electrolytes. Section: 24.02 Topic: Hormonal regulation Topic: Regulation of electrolyte balances

8. Hyponatremia is usually a result of hypotonic hydration.

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation Blooms Level: 3. Apply Gradable: automatic HAPS Objective: Q08.03 Predict the types of problems that would occur in the body if the volume and composition of body fluids were not maintained within normal homeostatic ranges. HAPS Topic: Module Q08 Predictions related to homeostatic imbalance, including disease states and disorders. Learning Outcome: 24.02c State the term for an excess or deficiency of each electrolyte and describe the consequences of these imbalances. Section: 24.02 Topic: Clinical applications of fluid balance Topic: Regulation of electrolyte balances

TRUE

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