Chapter 19 Activity and Exercise

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Chapter 19  Activity and Exercise

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The nurse explains that the slowed speed of nerve impulses will cause the older adult to:

  1. get a “scrambled” message in the brain.
  2. take longer to complete an activity.
  3. become confused.
  4. forget how to complete the activity.

ANS: B
Slowed transmission causes the older adult to take more time to complete an activity because the message must travel from the source to the brain and then from the brain to the parts of the body involved in completing the activity.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 303 OBJ: 2
TOP: Slowed Transmission KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

2. The nurse takes into consideration that the arthritic patient may be less likely to exercise because:

  1. fragility of the bones puts the patient at risk for fractures.
  2. numbness in the feet and legs puts the patient at risk for a fall.
  3. stiffened ligaments and tendons put the patient at risk for reduced flexibility.
  4. moving heavy edematous limbs puts the patient at risk for fatigue.

ANS: C
Arthritis limits joint movement; in turn, this reduces tendon and ligament flexibility, making them stiff and limiting mobility.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: 303 OBJ: 5
TOP: Arthritis KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning
MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

3. The home health nurse recognizes that the 75-year-old male patient has made an adjustment to reduced stamina when he:

  1. moved his home office to a downstairs location.
  2. used public transportation rather than driving his own car.
  3. tilled the garden plot with a motor-driven tiller.
  4. went to a senior center twice in 1 week to play dominoes.

ANS: A
Moving the office to avoid climbing stairs is related to reduced stamina. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 303 OBJ: 2

Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.

Test Bank 19-2

TOP: Stamina KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX:PhysiologicalIntegrity:PhysiologicalAdaptation

4. The nurse explains that the focus of aerobic exercises such as walking and biking is to:

  1. improve cardiovascular function.
  2. build muscle mass.
  3. improve dexterity.
  4. enhance balance.

ANS: A
Aerobic exercises such as walking and biking are focused on improving cardiovascular function.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 304 OBJ: 2
TOP: Aerobic Exercise KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease

5. The nurse suggests to the 70-year-old woman who has painful arthritic joints that a beneficial exercise for her because of disability would be:

  1. training with hand weights.
  2. walking on a treadmill.
  3. low-impact aerobics.
  4. swimming.

ANS: D
Swimming is a pleasurable aerobic exercise for many seniors, and water exercises can help individuals with sore joints because the water provides support and eases movement.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 304 OBJ: 2
TOP: Exercise for ArthriticsKEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection of Disease

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