Chapter 18 Preoperative Nursing Management

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Chapter 18  Preoperative Nursing Management

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

1.
A patient who was admitted through emergency with a bowel obstruction will need surgery. When can the patient anticipate the surgery will be scheduled?
A)
Within 24 hours
B)
Within the next week
C)
Without delay because the bowel obstruction is emergent
D)
Difficult to predict because the surgeon may be unavailable

2.
During the preoperative assessment, the patient informs the nurse that he ingests 5 to 10 oz of alcohol each day and has for the last 15 years. What postoperative difficulties can the nurse anticipate for this patient?
A)
Delirium tremens immediately following surgery
B)
Delirium tremens within 72 hours after his last alcohol drink
C)
Delirium tremens upon administration of general anesthesia
D)
Delirium tremens 1 week after his last alcohol drink

3.
How should a nurse teach a patient to perform diaphragmatic breathing?
A)
The patient should take three deep breaths and cough hard 3 times.
B)
The patient should take three deep breaths and exhale forcefully.
C)
The patient should take a deep breath in through the mouth hold the breath for 5 seconds and exhale all the air out through the nose and mouth.
D)
The patient should rapidly inhale, hold for 30 seconds, and exhale slowly.

4.
What is the purpose of teaching leg exercises to a patient prior to surgery?
A)
Leg exercises increase the patient’s appetite postoperatively.
B)
Leg exercises improve circulation and prevent blood clots.
C)
Leg exercises help to prevent pressure sores to the sacrum.
D)
Leg exercise help increase the patient’s level of consciousness after surgery.

5.
The patient wears dentures and is reluctant to remove them for the surgery. What is the nurse’s best response?
A)
“Everyone needs to remove his dentures prior to surgery.”
B)
“You can have your teeth back right after your surgery.”
C)
“You may keep your dentures; I will just notify the operating nurse.”
D)
“Your dentures need to be removed as a safety precaution; they could potentially interfere with your airway and breathing during surgery.”

 

Answer Key

1.
C
2.
B
3.
C
4.
B
5.
D

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