Chapter 15 Shock and Multisystem Failure

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Chapter 15  Shock and Multisystem Failure

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

1.
It is necessary for the nurse caring for a patient to understand the pathophysiology behind shock. Which of the following statements best describes the pathophysiologic rationale for shock?
A)
Blood is shunted from vital organs to peripheral areas of the body.
B)
Cells lack an adequate blood supply and are deprived of oxygen and nutrients.
C)
Circulating blood volume is decreased.
D)
Hemorrhage occurs as a result of trauma.

2.
When prioritizing the care for a patient, the nurse recognizes that a patient is at risk for hypovolemic shock when:
A)
Fluid circulating in the blood vessels decreases
B)
Cardiac output increases
C)
Blood pressure increases
D)
Pulse is fast and bounding

3.
The nurse recognizes that antidiuretic hormone (ADH) plays a role during hypovolemic shock. What assessment finding will the nurse likely observe related to the role of ADH during hypovolemic shock?
A)
Increased hunger
C)
Increased urinary output
B)
Increased thirst
D)
Increased capillary perfusion

4.
A trauma patient arrives to the emergency room and is hemorrhaging. The nurse is aware that this patient is at greatest risk for which type of shock?

A) Cardiogenic B) Hypovolemic C) Neurogenic D) Septic

5.
The nurse has completed a set of vital signs on a patient at risk for shock. Which assessment finding is a potential sign of shock?
A)
Elevated systolic blood pressure
C)
Shallow, rapid respirations
B)
Elevated mean arterial pressure
D)
Bradycardia

 

Answer Key

1.
B
2.
A
3.
B
4.
B
5.
C

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