Chapter 14 Values and Beliefs

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Chapter 14  Values and Beliefs

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. It is believed that a person’s value system is well established by age:

  1. 5.
  2. 8.
  3. 10.
  4. 12.

ANS: C
The value system, developed in early childhood, is well established by the age of 10 years. DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 234 OBJ: 1
TOP: Value System KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A
MSC: NCLEX:N/A

2. The culturally sensitive nurse is aware that in caring for a patient with a different value system, the nurse should:

  1. be open and nonjudgmental.
  2. treat all patients the same without concern for their value system.
  3. explain the differences between the two value systems.
  4. abandon their own value system.

ANS: A
Persons are prone to view those with a different value system from their own in a negative and prejudicial manner.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 236 OBJ: 1
TOP: Value Systems Differences KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

3. When the 80-year-old Orthodox Jewish man dies in the hospital, the nurse should:

  1. notify the rabbi to send a member of the synagogue to stay with the body.
  2. inform the mortuary about the desire of the patient to be cremated.
  3. prepare the body for the ritual bath by temple members before embalming.
  4. facilitate removal of the body because the burial must take place 48 hours after death.

ANS: A
A synagogue member will come to pray and read scripture from the time of death to the time of burial, which must take place 24 hours after death. The reader will accompany the body to the morgue, mortuary, and burial site. Jewish persons are forbidden to be cremated or embalmed.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: 235, Cultural Considerations

Copyright © 2012 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.

Test Bank 14-2

OBJ: 5 TOP: Jewish Culture
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

4. The nurse is careful not to remove the yarmulke from the head of the Jewish man during care because it is a symbol of:

  1. having been circumcised.
  2. the belief that God is higher than man.
  3. God’s endless love and protection.
  4. the justice of Talmudic law.

ANS: B
The yarmulke is worn by Jewish men to remind them that God is higher than man. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 235, Cultural Considerations
OBJ: 4 TOP: Jewish Culture
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

5. When checking the diet trays, the nurse identifies a menu choice that would be culturally inappropriate for the Muslim patient as:

  1. fish and tomatoes.
  2. liver and onions.
  3. chicken and broccoli.
  4. pork chops and sweet potatoes.

ANS: D
Muslims are forbidden to eat pork or pork products.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 235, Cultural Considerations OBJ: 4 TOP: Muslim Beliefs
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX:PsychosocialIntegrity:PsychosocialAdaptation

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