Chapter 14 Values and Beliefs

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Chapter 14  Values and Beliefs

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.

At what age is a person’s value system well established? a. 5
b. 8
c. 10

d. 12

ANS: C
Experts believe that the value system develops in early childhood and is well established by the age of 10 years.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 235 OBJ: 1 TOP: Value System KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: N/A

How does a culturally sensitive nurse care for a patient with a different value system?

  1. The nurse is open and nonjudgmental.
  2. The nurse treats all patients the same without concern for their value system.
  3. The nurse explains the differences between the two value systems.
  4. The nurse abandons his or her own value system.

ANS: A
Persons are prone to view those with a different value system from their own in a negative and prejudicial manner.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 237 OBJ: 1
TOP: Value Systems Differences KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

An 80-year-old Orthodox Jewish patient dies in the hospital. What should be the first action

by the nurse?

  1. Notify the rabbi to send a member of the synagogue to stay with the body.
  2. Inform the mortuary about the desire of the patient to be cremated.
  3. Prepare the body for the ritual bath by temple members before embalming.
  4. Facilitate removal of the body because the burial must take place 48 hours after

    death.

ANS: A
A synagogue member will come to pray and read scripture from the time of death to the time of burial, which must take place 24 hours after death. The reader will accompany the body to the morgue, mortuary, and burial site. Jewish persons are forbidden to be cremated or embalmed.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 236 OBJ: 5
TOP: Jewish Culture KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

2.

3.

4. The nurse is careful not to remove the yarmulke from the head of the Jewish patient. What does the yarmulke symbolize?

  1. Having been circumcised
  2. The belief that God is higher than man
  3. God’s endless love and protection
  4. The justice of Talmudic law

ANS: B
The yarmulke is worn by Jewish men to remind them that God is higher than man.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 236 OBJ: 5 TOP: Jewish Culture KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

5. What menu items would be inappropriate for a Muslim patient?

  1. Fish and tomatoes
  2. Liver and onions
  3. Chicken and broccoli
  4. Pork chops and sweet potatoes

ANS: D
Muslims are forbidden to eat pork or pork products.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 236
TOP: Muslim Beliefs KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

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