Chapter 14 Fluid and Electrolytes- Balance and Disturbance

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Chapter 14  Fluid and Electrolytes- Balance and Disturbance

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

1.
A nurse is caring for a patient who requires measurement of specific gravity every 4 hours. What does this test detect?
A)
Nutritional deficit
C)
Hypercalcemia
B)
Hyperkalemia
D)
Fluid volume status

2.
Which of the following might the nurse assess in a patient diagnosed with hypermagnesemia?
A)
Diminished deep tendon reflexes
C)
Cool clammy skin
B)
Tachycardia
D)
Increased serum magnesium

3.
A patient is receiving furosemide (Lasix) 40 mg/d IV. What electrolyte value should be monitored when a patient is receiving a loop diuretic?
A)
Calcium levels
C)
Potassium levels
B)
Phosphorous levels
D)
Magnesium levels

4.
The nurse is evaluating a patient’s laboratory results. Based upon the laboratory findings, what results will cause the release of an antidiuretic hormone (ADH)?
A)
Increased serum sodium
C)
Decrease in serum osmolality
B)
Decreased serum sodium
D)
Decrease in thirst

5.
Third spacing occurs when fluid moves out of the intravascular space but not into the intracellular space. Based upon this fluid shift, the nurse will expect the patient to demonstrate:

A) Hypertension B) Bradycardia C) Hypervolemia D) Hypovolemia

 

Answer Key

1.
D
2.
A
3.
C
4.
A
5.
D

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