Chapter 13 Psychosocial Health & Illness

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Chapter 13  Psychosocial Health & Illness

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____ 1. Which of the following is considered a strength of the nursing profession? 1)
Biomedical focus
2)

Psychosocial focus
3)
Biopsychosocial focus 4)

Physical focus

ANS: 3
A strength of the nursing profession is the ability to go beyond the biomedical, psychosocial, or physical focus to care for the entire person. This approach focuses on the overall biopsychosocial well-being of the patient.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 273
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: HPM | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 2. A homeless patient is admitted with an infected leg wound. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, which nursing intervention meets one of his basic physiological needs?
1)

Providing the patient with a dinner tray 2)
Administering antibiotics as prescribed 3)

Irrigating a wound with normal saline solution 4)
Encouraging the patient to express his feelings

ANS: 1
According to Abraham Maslow and his hierarchy of needs, basic physiological needs, such as food, should be addressed first. After the patient’s basic needs are met, the nurse can provide wound care, administer antibiotics as prescribed (safety needs), and encourage the patient to express his feelings (love and belonging or self-actualization, depending on what feelings he expresses).

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 274

Treas Fundamentals TB13-2 Test Bank, Chapter 13

KEY: Nursing process: Interventions | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Application

____ 3. Which of the following can the nurse assess using Erik Erikson’s theory? 1)
Moral development
2)

Developmental tasks 3)
Social identity
4)

Self-esteem

ANS: 2
Using Erikson’s theory, the nurse can assess for successful completion of developmental tasks. The theory does not help the nurse assess social identity or self-esteem. However, these factors are components of developmental tasks that Erikson’s theory explores. Moral development was addressed in the Kohlberg’s theory.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 274
KEY: Nursing process: Assessment | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Comprehension

____ 4. Which statement best describes self-concept? An individual’s 1)
Understanding of how others perceive him
2)

Evaluation of himself 3)
Overall view of himself 4)

Perspective of his role in society

ANS: 3
Self-concept is an individual’s overall view of himself. The overall view includes his evaluation of himself and how he thinks others evaluate him.

PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: p. 274
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

____ 5. A 13-year-old patient is admitted to the hospital. There is no medical restriction on visitation. To help maintain the patient’s social identity while hospitalized, it is most important for the nurse to encourage visits by

Treas Fundamentals Test Bank, Chapter 13

1)
Peers
2) Grandparents 3)
Siblings
4)
Parents

TB13-3

ANS: 1
Peers are more important than family in maintaining social identity in this age group.

PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 275
KEY: Nursing process: Interventions | Client need: PSI | Cognitive level: Recall

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