Chapter 13 Crisis and Disaster Intervention

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Chapter 13  Crisis and Disaster Intervention

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

 

demyelinating disorder that will result in progressive loss of function and a 2-year life expectancy. The couple are hugging each other and crying uncontrollably. The nurse evaluates their reaction as which phase of the crisis process?
A)
Precrisis
B)
Impact
C)
Crisis
D)
Resolution
Ans:
B

Feedback:

The impact phase occurs when the individual learns of a situation that will create crisis.

2.
For days after being raped and battered, a client reports nightmares, decreased appetite, anxiety, and depression. The nurse who evaluates her at the crisis center should first assess what?
A)
The degree of disruption the client is currently experiencing
B)
The client’s perception of the event
C)
The client’s present coping skills
D)
The client’s availability of support systems
Ans:
B

Feedback:

In order to intervene, it is critical to assess the client’s perception of the event. The nurse should explore the client’s perceptions about what has happened to her, particularly after a significant traumatic event.

3.
A parent has just been told that his 8-year-old son has died from a bullet wound inflicted by a 12-year-old neighbor. Which of the following defense mechanisms would the nurse expect to see in this crisis phase?
A)
Denial, projection, and lack of logic
B)
Depression, self-hate, and low self-esteem
C)
New coping skills and higher maturity levels
D)
Acceptance, relief, and withdrawal
Ans:
A

Feedback:

In the crisis phase, clients most often experience confusion, anxiety, and disorganization because they feel helpless and unable to cope with the traumatic event.

4.
Which of the following statements would indicate that a client, whose son has been killed by a firearm, is in the resolution phase of crisis?
A)
“You must have made a mistake. My boy doesn’t play with guns!”
B)
“I should have prevented this. How can I communicate that to other parents?”
C)
“I need a drink. I feel so badly right now.”
D)
“I need to be alone. Just leave me alone.”
Ans:
B

Feedback:

The correct answer indicates that the client is able to reflect on the event. The other answers reflect denial, withdrawal, or using alcohol as a coping mechanism—all behaviors that would be more likely to occur during the crisis itself.

5.
Which of the following statements best defines crisis intervention?
A)
An active but temporary entry into the life situation of an individual, a family, or a group during a period of stress
B)
A group intervention in which confrontation is used to promote change in the client
C)
An intervention in which a group of psychiatric professionals meet to determine which intervention might be most effective for a disturbed client
D)
A family meeting in which the treatment team assists with confrontation of the client’s behavior
Ans:
A

Feedback:

Crisis intervention is temporary, but very active, and occurs only during a period of stress.

 

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