Chapter 10 Cognition and Perception

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Chapter 10  Cognition and Perception

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. What does perception refer to in the environment? a. Intellect

b. Memory
c. Judgment
d. Interpretation

ANS: D
Perception refers mainly to the ability to interpret situations in the environment.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 180 OBJ: 1
TOP: Perception vs. Cognition KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity: Psychosocial Adaptation

2. What observation would cause the nurse to suspect cataracts in the older adult?

  1. Holds the newspaper a good distance away while attempting to read small print
  2. Seeks an area in a room that is free from glare in order to read the newspaper
  3. Holds a hand over one eye while attempting to read small print
  4. Uses only peripheral vision while attempting to read a newspaper

ANS: B
Cataracts blur the vision and increase the sensitivity to glare.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 181 OBJ: 3 TOP: Cataracts KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

3. How should the nurse approach a patient who has profound hearing loss?

  1. Knock on the door before entering.
  2. Touch the patient on the hand to gain attention.
  3. Give the patient a list of interventions that the nurse plans to perform.
  4. Speak in a higher tone of voice.

ANS: B
Touching on the hand to gain attention before giving care is thoughtful. Giving a lengthy list is not necessary. Knocking on the door may be futile, and speaking in higher tones is not helpful because the hearing-impaired lose the ability to hear high tones first.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 183 OBJ: 7
TOP: Hearing Impairment KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

4. When attempting to communicate with a patient who is hearing-impaired, what should the nurse consider?

  1. Keep the message simple.
  2. Provide lengthy explanations and information.
  3. Assume understanding if the patient does not ask for clarification.

d. Use many hand gestures.

ANS: A
Keeping the message simple will assist the hard of hearing to understand. Long explanations and the use of many hand gestures may be confusing. It is the responsibility of the nurse to check to confirm understanding.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: p. 183 OBJ: 7 TOP: Communication with the Hearing-Impaired
KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

5. How should the nurse adapt the environment for a person with right-sided hemianopsia?

  1. Approach the patient from the right side.
  2. Arrange personal articles on the left side of the bed.
  3. Remind the patient to avoid turning his or her head to reduce added perceptual

    problems.

  4. Touch the patient on the right side to get his or her attention.

ANS: B
Arrangement of personal items on the “good” left side is supportive to independence.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: p. 184 OBJ: 7
TOP: Hemianopsia KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

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