Chapter 1 Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

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Chapter 1  Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

 

 

Complete chapter Questions And Answers

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The anatomic term ____ means toward the midline. a. anterior

b. posterior c. medial d. cranial

ANS: C
The term medial indicates an anatomic direction toward the midline.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 1 OBJ: 2
TOP: Anatomic terminology KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

2. What are the smallest living components in our body? a. Cells

b. Organs
c. Electrons d. Osmosis

ANS: A
Cells are considered to be the smallest living units of structure and function in our body.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 4 OBJ: 6 TOP: Structural levels of organization KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

3. What is the largest organelle, responsible for cell reproduction and control of other organelles?

  1. Nucleus
  2. Ribosome
  3. Mitochondrion
  4. Golgi apparatus

ANS: A
The nucleus is the largest organelle within the cell.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 5 OBJ: 8
TOP: Parts of the cell KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

4. When the patient complains of pain in the bladder, the patient will indicate discomfort in which body cavity?
a. Pelvic
b. Mediastinum

c. Dorsal
d. Abdominal

ANS: A
A subdivision called the pelvic cavity contains the lower portion of the large intestine (lower sigmoid colon, rectum), urinary bladder, and internal structures of the reproductive system.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 3, Figure 1-4
OBJ: 5 TOP: Body cavity KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

5. The four phases of cell division all occur in: a. diffusion.

b. mitosis. c. osmosis. d. filtration.

ANS: B
During mitosis, the cell goes through four phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 7 OBJ: 9 TOP: Cell division KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

6. Telophase is which phase of cell reproduction during mitosis?

  1. First phase
  2. Latent phase
  3. Final phase
  4. Spindle phase

ANS: C
During mitosis, the cell goes through four phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 7 OBJ: 9 TOP: Cell division KEY: Nursing Process Step: N/A
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

7. The nurse is aware that which muscle group is both striated and involuntary? a. Skeletal

b. Glial
c. Cardiac d. Visceral

ANS: C
The cardiac muscle is both striated and involuntary.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 9-10, Figure 1-12
OBJ: 11 TOP: Tissues KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity

 

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