Chapter 06 Maintaining Fluid Balance and Meeting Nutritional Needs

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Chapter 06  Maintaining Fluid Balance and Meeting Nutritional Needs

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. What is the lowest recommended daily caloric intake needed to safely meet the nutritional needs of the older adult?

a. 1000 b. 1200 c. 1400 d. 1800

ANS: B
The minimal caloric intake for the older adult that will meet nutritional needs is 1200 calories.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 103 OBJ: 2
TOP: Minimal Calorie Intake KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

2. How often does the MyPlate guidelines recommend physical activity occur?

  1. Twice a week
  2. Weekly
  3. Three times a week
  4. Every day

ANS: D
The MyPlate guidelines of the USDA recommend that the general population make physical activity an everyday occurrence.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 103 OBJ: 8 TOP: MyPyramid KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

3. The nurse recommends that the older patient eat chicken and fish because they contain complete proteins. What is present in complete proteins?

  1. Molecules of carbohydrate
  2. All the essential amino acids
  3. A high fat content
  4. A soluble fiber

ANS: B
Fish and lean chicken have all the essential amino acids and very little fat content, unlike red meat.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 105 OBJ: 2
TOP: Complete Protein KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

4. What makes up high-density lipoproteins (HDL)?

  1. Mainly proteins
  2. Mostly triglycerides

c. Mainly cholesterol
d. A variety of minerals

ANS: A
HDLs are made up primarily of proteins, as opposed to lipids such as triglycerides, which are found in very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) and cholesterol, which is found in low- density lipoproteins (LDLs).

DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: p. 106 OBJ: 1
TOP: High-Density Lipoproteins KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

5. A patient on a fat-restricted diet is noted to have developed a pressure ulcer and decreased visual acuity. What vitamin deficiency should the nurse suspect?

a. A

b. B6 c. B12 d. C

ANS: A
Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and helps with wound healing and night vision acuity. Persons on low-fat diets may not be able to metabolize vitamin A from food sources because of the decreased fat in their diet.

DIF: Cognitive Level: Analysis REF: p. 106 OBJ: 6 TOP: Vitamin A Deficiency KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation

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