Chapter 04 Legal Principles in Nursing

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Chapter 04  Legal Principles in Nursing

 

 

Complete Chapter Questions And Answers
 

Sample Questions

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The State Nurse Practice Act is an example of which of the following?
A.
A federal senate bill
B.
A law enacted by the federal government
C.
A statute enacted by state legislature
D.
A judicial decision

ANS: C
Nurse Practice Acts are examples of statutes enacted by state legislatures to regulate the practice of nursing.

PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 49
OBJ: Describe the legal obligations and role of nurses regarding federal and state laws that affect health care TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment

2. A student nurse has been studying hard throughout her nursing program to prepare for the licensure examination. This is an examination that she must pass before she can practice nursing in her state. NCLEX® stands for __________ Examination.
A.
Nursing Council of Licensing
B.
Nightingale Code of Licensure
C.
Nursing Code of Licensure
D.
National Council Licensure

ANS: D
To be licensed in a state, a nurse must have a passing score on the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) to obtain the initial license and meet the educational requirements set by the state.

PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 49
OBJ: Describe the legal obligations and role of nurses regarding federal and state laws that affect health care TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment

3. A registered nurse was accused of patient abandonment when she became angry, quit her job, and left the hospital before the end of her shift. This is an example of violating guidelines set by which of the following?
A.
State Department of Health
B.
The Joint Commission
C.
State Board of Nursing
D.
National League of Nursing

ANS: C
Nurse Practice Acts permit the State Board of Nursing to set rules, regulations, and guidelines that specifically define the standard of care in nursing practice. An example is the guidelines that define patient abandonment.

PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 49
OBJ: Describe the legal obligations and role of nurses regarding federal and state laws that affect health care TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment

4. A RN suffers from chronic back pain that was the result of an injury she suffered when pulling a patient up in bed. She is addicted to pain medication and has recently been accused of stealing narcotics. This is an example of which of the following violations of the law?
A.
Misdemeanor
B.
Tort
C.
Malpractice
D.
Felony

ANS: D
A felony is a serious offense that results in significant harm to another person or to society in general. Felony crimes may carry penalties of monetary restitution, imprisonment for greater than 1 year, or death. Examples of Nurse Practice Act violations that may carry criminal penalties include practicing nursing without a license and misuse of controlled substances.

PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 50
OBJ: Explain the concept of negligence and identify the elements of professional negligence TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment

5. A registered nurse was pulled from her normal unit to fill in for a pediatric unit. She is caring for a 16-year-old patient who refuses to cooperate for a dressing change. The nurse tells the patient that she will tie the patient down if she does not hold still. This threat is an example of which of the following?
A.
Assault
B.
Unintentional tort
C.
Battery
D.
Felony

ANS: A
Assault is an intentional threat toward another person that gives that person a reasonable fear of harmful contact. No actual contact is required for an assault to occur. An example of an assault in nursing practice is to threaten to restrain a patient for an x-ray procedure when the patient has refused consent.

PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 50
OBJ: Explain the concept of negligence and identify the elements of professional negligence TOP: Nursing Process: Assessment
MSC: Client Needs: Safe and Effective Care Environment

 

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