AMERICA’S MUSICAL LANDSCAPE7E JEAN FERRIS – TEST BANK

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Sample Questions Posted Below

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 05

 

Religious Music in the Early Nineteenth Century

 

True/False

 

  1. Nineteenth century American social reform paralleled nineteenth century European Romanticism in terms of focus on the individual.

ANS: T

 

  1. The Great Revival featured musical events as well as prayer.

ANS: T

 

  1. Spirituals are usually through-composed.

ANS: F

 

  1. “Amazing Grace” is in strophic form.

ANS: T

 

  1. White spirituals were usually more rhythmically vibrant than African American spirituals.

ANS: F

 

  1. African-American spirituals consisted only of sorrow songs.

ANS: F

 

  1. Some African-American spirituals eventually became regarded as art music.

ANS: T

 

  1. Shape-note singing conventions still exist in the United States today.

ANS: T

 

  1. In the nineteenth century, well-educated Americans considered American music superior to European music.

ANS: F

 

  1. Spirituals are strophic settings of religious texts to folk or popular tunes.

ANS: T

 

Multiple Choice

 

  1. Which of the following is not true regarding shape-notes?
  2. they were designed to help non-music readers learn to read music
  3. they consisted of four different geometric shapes
  4. each shape designated the duration of a note
  5. they were based on the syllables fa, sol, la, and mi

ANS: C

 

  1. Music publishers marketed their printed music collections by
  2. distributing free sample copies at Sunday church gatherings
  3. hiring singing quartets to demonstrate how the music sounded
  4. creating collections of music that appealed to rural audiences only
  5. creating easy guitar accompaniments

ANS: B

 

  1. “The Sacred Harp” was
  2. an instrument used at Sunday services only
  3. a book published in 1844
  4. a shape-note training manual
  5. a famous spiritual

ANS: B

 

  1. Which is true regarding spirituals?
  2. they involved a great deal of repetition
  3. they were written in through-composed form
  4. they were never notated
  5. they featured secular texts

ANS: A

 

  1. Regarding spirituals, which of the following is not primarily an African influence?
  2. call and response
  3. melodic improvisation
  4. rhythmic complexity
  5. simple folk melody

ANS: D

 

  1. The Jubilee Singers were
  2. a group of shape-note teachers who traveled on the East coast
  3. a group of African American students from Fisk University
  4. a group that made the first recording of African American spirituals
  5. a group of all-female art music performers

ANS: B

 

  1. Which of the following is not true regarding early public school music education?
  2. it was founded in 1838 by Lowell Mason
  3. it contributed to an decrease in the number of singing conventions in America
  4. it originated in the Boston public schools
  5. the curriculum focused solely on learning to read music

ANS: D

 

  1. Which of the following least impacted professional American musical composers in the nineteenth century?
  2. indigenous music
  3. European trends
  4. German musical masters
  5. shape-note notation

ANS: A

 

  1. Which is true regarding “Nearer, My God, to Thee?”
  2. it features one tone per syllable of text
  3. melodic components are rarely repeated
  4. it is difficult to memorize due to text usage
  5. it features an uncomfortably wide vocal range

ANS: A

 

  1. “They’ll be Joy, Joy, Joy” features which of the following textures?
  2. polyphonic
  3. monophonic
  4. homophonic
  5. heterophonic

ANS:  C

 

  1. Lowell Mason was a well-known
  2. composer and painter
  3. painter and writer
  4. writer and educator
  5. educator and composer

ANS: D

 

  1. Lowell Mason intended to
  2. restore early American values to music
  3. remove all traces of European influence on American music
  4. reform American music and musical education
  5. remove music from the public school system

ANS: C

 

  1. The Great Awakening and the Great Revival were
  2. famous nineteenth-century operas
  3. religious revival movements
  4. songs by Charles Wesley
  5. white spirituals

ANS: B

 

  1. Which of the following would most likely be sung in call and response fashion?
  2. lullaby
  3. patriotic song
  4. spiritual
  5. ballad

ANS: C

 

Essay

 

  1. Considering American music today, what was the musical impact of the conversion of many African slaves to Christianity?

 

ANS: The conversion of African slaves to Christianity resulted in the creation of numerous genres that would otherwise not have existed.  Included in this category are spirituals, black gospel, and rhythm and blues (which evolved from black church music.)  Since rock evolved to some degree out of rhythm and blues, it too has a connection.

 

  1. Reflecting on your own pre-collegiate music education, do you think that Lowell Mason would have been pleased with the outcome of that education? Outline his goals, and compare this with your own experience.

 

ANS: One of Mason’s goals was to create a musically literate culture, which would have included music reading skills.  While some American public school music programs accomplish this today, many American high school graduates are not music readers, and America on the whole remains a culture of musical consumers rather than performers and producers.  Additionally, the majority of Americans prefer popular music to art music, which is not what Mason envisioned either.  Mason probably could not have imagined the invention of recording technology that radically changed the way Americans experienced music.

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